India has journeyed a long way gaining global recognition as a major solar player. As of now, the country has 12 GW of cumulative solar energy generation capacity, with 14 GW under construction and 6 GW to be auctioned. Considering the fact that India has doubled its capacity within a bit more than a year (5 GW in 2015 to 12 GW in 2017), the mammoth milestone of reaching 100 GW by 2022 seems possible with private players and Government coming into an alliance. Undoubtedly, Indian market is showing an incredible growth rate, but we are still nowhere near the countries (China, US) that already dominate huge parts of the solar product supply chain. And it is important to contend with these countries to claim a larger part of the industry, cashing in on the growing green energy scene to initiate socio-economic reform in the country.

How to Compete?

Through manufacturing of course! As countries like China, US, Canada are backed by decade long industrial growth that have fashioned deep roots to penetrate solar industry, they can mass produce solar components, controlling the price of the products. For example, Chinese modules are still 8-10 per cent cheaper than domestically manufactured modules (Chinese modules cost $0.33-$0.36 cents/per Watt p, while domestic modules cost $0.35-$0.40 cents/per Watt p). This has created an influx of foreign modules in Indian industry, claiming demand (8 out of top 10 module suppliers in the Indian market are Chinese) that would have given domestic manufacturers a leg up and allowed India to bring in revenue selling domestically manufactured modules.

Therefore, it is important for Indian solar industry to become cost competitive with the countries dominating the sector. And in order to do that, domestic manufacturing is the right way to go.

Initiatives Taken

In hopes of helping domestic players to grow and to build industrial reliance, Indian Government opted to impose DCR. And although, WTO swatted it down, Government has done a great job keeping DCR quota for Government based energy development projects. Besides that, Policies on- easy financing, ‘Solar Park’ development, offering long tenure loans, net metering, viability gap funding, mandating solar installation in Government buildings, and initiatives like International Solar Alliance and Make in India have helped domestic solar manufacturers to find a better footing in the industry.

Challenges Remain

Although, progress is being made, there are challenges to be handled. Offering flexible incentives and financing options, Slow net metering implementation time frame, Imposing anti-dumping on foreign solar modules (India spent $1.3 billion in 2015-16 in imports), Consistent decrease in announcement and awarding DCR projects, Enforcing solar installations on buildings, Establishing more module assessment labs (currently India has 5 MNRE accredited labs), Delay in Awarding Contracts 9 out of 12 GW of bids conducted in the FY 2016-17 so far, only 4 GW has been awarded), Delay in new manufacturing policy implementation, Continuously falling discount in tariffs, lack of solar skill development etc need prompt response from Government to bring comprehensive socio-economic growth in the country through solar development.

Possible Way Forward

To make India globally competitive, Indian solar industry needs to develop a larger policy framework than the one already exists to support domestic manufacturing plans. We have already explained how domestic manufacturing can help India control the solar supply value chain, bringing revenue within country, and profitably manufacture solar modules. Therefore, it is important to make sure that new policies address manufacturing issues concerning transport, infrastructure, taxation, labor laws, and power outages. Bridging the gap between having policies and implementing them aggressively is also another area Indian Government needs to show vigilance in.

Introducing solar manufacturing in National Skill Development Mission training plans can help in creating skilled workforce, strengthening Indian solar industry and its employment rate significantly. Support to large scale projects and fully integrated manufacturing plants can also be effective additions to the ‘Make in India’ policies in the future. Making Indian solar globally competitive has to be our primary concern as every other priorities cling on its individual success. Therefore, more focus at challenges and better efforts at increasing domestic manufacturing capacity can work wonders for the industry.

Please follow and like us on social media:

Nous avons interrogé Virgile Suavet, Président d’Alaska Energies, distributeur spécialiste du bâtiment à énergie positive, sur l’évolution du marché photovoltaïque en France.

Quelles tendances observez-vous sur le marché photovoltaïc français?

Nous sommes spécialisés sur le marché du résidentiel, petit tertiaire et plus particulièrement dans la vente de kits photovoltaïque dédiés à l’autoconsommation. Ce segment de marché est en pleine transition et les professionnels du secteur qui vendaient depuis toujours des installations dédiées à la revente d’électricité s’intéressent de plus en plus à ce nouveau modèle. Nous observons aussi l’arrivée de nouvelles sociétés sur ce marché de l’autoconsommation, aujourd’hui plus simple à appréhender et avec moins de contraintes techniques, comme l’intégration des modules en toiture ou la diminution des frais de raccordements.

D’autre part, la communication autour du photovoltaïque pour de l’autoconsommation est beaucoup plus positive que par le passé et cela commence à avoir un impact sur les ventes de systèmes. Ceci est aussi vrai pour l’utilisateur final qui est très favorable au principe de produire et consommer sa propre énergie.

Les indicateurs de ce nouveau marché sont bons mais il est encore trop jeune pour que les volumes installés soient significatifs au niveau national. Nous pensons que 2017 sera une année charnière et que les volumes de ce type d’installation devraient croitre rapidement ces prochaines années.

Quelles sont les principales clés de réussite par rapport à ces évolutions?

Nous sommes partiellement tributaires des évolutions de la réglementation ce qui rajoute une complexité pour établir notre stratégie commerciale et notre politique d’achat. La clé pour réussir dans ce marché volatil est de garder une très bonne capacité d’adaptation car il est difficile d’anticiper précisément ses évolutions et son planning.

Notre réussite réside dans notre capacité à proposer à nos clients de nouvelles solutions matérielles en phase avec les nouveaux besoins du marché, tout en nous assurant de la qualité du matériel vendu.

L’accompagnement de nos clients installateurs dans l’appréhension de ces évolutions de marchés et d’offres passe également par l’organisation régulière de formations avec nos fournisseurs.

Pourquoi distribuer les produits et solutions SMA?

SMA est le leader mondial de la fabrication d’onduleurs centralisés et propose une gamme de produits très large. Travailler avec SMA nous permet de répondre à tout type d’installation photovoltaïque avec un gage de très bonne qualité. D’autre part, ses orientations haut de gamme et la robustesse de ses produits correspond parfaitement au positionnement d’Alaska Energies : nous sélectionnons nos partenaires de manière à apporter des solutions performantes et fiables à nos clients, ce qui leur assure une bien meilleure rentabilité dans le temps.

SMA nous montre aussi, avec la sortie du Sunny Boy Storage et la possibilité de garantir un zéro injection sur sa gamme d’onduleurs, son intérêt pour l’autoconsommation.

J’ajouterais qu’il y a un très bon relationnel avec l’équipe SMA France et cela nous permet de construire un partenariat pérenne.

0.00 avg. rating (0% score) - 0 votes

[embedded content]

More is expected of them than of others: SMA solar inverters must work perfectly for many years. No matter in which country, in which climate, or to which power network they are connected.

That is why our experts at the SMA test center simulate the entire life of an inverter in fast motion. Their tools: high technology and extraordinary methods. They do exactly what a normal customer never would: putting inverters in the oven. Freezing them. Strapping them into a jolting machine.

SMA inverters are used in over 100 countries – from Death Valley to the South Pole. Nearly every operating site has different environmental and climatic conditions. Additionally, the world’s widely varying power grids and grid codes also have to be taken into consideration as well as the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

Certified by UL

Thanks to our outstanding equipment, we are one of only a handful of manufacturers to be allowed to perform the inverter approval tests ourselves for the strict American-based Underwriters Laboratories (UL).

Every one of our experts helps to continue to improve the engineering and quality of the inverters – and of the solar industry in general.

Behind the scenes: That’s how the video was made ?

5.00 avg. rating (97% score) - 2 votes

Quality and safety are non-negotiable for us because in the end exactly these factors guarantee maximum and sustainable efficiency of PV projects. To live up to this claim, we continuously put our products and those of other manufacturers through their paces in our certified test centers.

You will find key findings at a glance below.

1. Passive cooling actively burns money

Passive cooling reduces the inverter’s power output and PV component’s lifetime by up to 75%.

invertertemperaturepowersmasolar

For more information on cooling see our website Too passive cooling.

 
 

2. Power loss at sunshine

Inexpensive inverters often lose their power output at an ambient temperature of 21°C—they can’t handle the sun.

bde

You’ll fine more information on this subject here Power loss at sunshine.

 
 

3. Poor DC:AC ratios increase costs and decrease profitability

Our competitors advises a low DC:AC ratio of 1:1. This forces system operators to use up to 40% more inverters per PV system.

cde

For more details on DC:AC ratios see Poor DC:AC ratio.

 
 

4. Electromagnetic interferences could get you into severe legal trouble

Some inexpensive inverters produce electromagnetic interferences, which disturb, among others, the radio frequences of air traffic control or railroad communications—PV system operators will have to deal with legal consequences.

dde

Visit Illegal EMI built in for more information.

 
 

5. Server out of control

Chinese laws make it mandatory for Chinese companies to operate cloud services in China—this might easily cause a safety problem.

The great firewall and how it works

ede

For more information on server reliability see Server out of control.

 
 

Conclusion

Our Test results reveal that using a relatively inexpensive inverter might come at a price PV system operators probably would not want to pay. SMA demands highest quality standards of its products. That is why our experts at the SMA test center simulate the entire life of an inverter in fast motion and put our products through their paces in certified laboratories.

Find a short video of our test center here:

[embedded content]

Learn more

Here, you can find a summary of all test results at one page and for download

4.50 avg. rating (90% score) - 4 votes

Advertisement

Translator

Advertisement
Advertisement

SolarQuarter Tweets

Follow Us For Latest Tweets

SolarQuarter 100 CXOs Confirmed To Attend Solar CEOs Meet & RE Sundowner 2018_17 Sep 2018, New Delhi, Radisson Blu Plaza, Aeroci… https://t.co/NmytYpREMp
Friday, 14 September 2018 08:09
SolarQuarter EV Investment & Finance Summit Is Here_Book Your Seats Today_1 Nov 2018, Mumbai - https://t.co/4I4pOy8M5j
Wednesday, 12 September 2018 05:07
SolarQuarter Hey << Test First Name >>, Here's Your Event Photo Gallery, Checkout The Amazing Moments - https://t.co/qE0yhHY7w0
Wednesday, 05 September 2018 13:08

Advertisement