DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Germany Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

"Germany Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019 is among the latest country specific policy report that offers comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the country.

The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of the renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in the country.

The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

  • The report covers policy measures and incentives used by Germany to promote renewable energy.
  • The report details promotional measures in Brazil both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the country.

Reasons to Buy

  • Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.
  • Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
  • Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in the country.
  • Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Key Topics Covered:

1 Table of Contents
1.1 List of Tables

2 Introduction
2.1 Renewable Energy Policy
2.2 Report Guidance

3 Renewable Energy Policy, Germany
3.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview
3.2 Energy Act
3.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan
3.4 Target Grid 2050 Concept
3.5 Renewable Energy Sources Act, 2017
3.6 Offshore Wind Act 2017
3.7 Renewable Energy Auctions
3.7.1 Onshore wind energy auctions
3.7.2 Offshore wind energy auctions
3.7.3 Photovoltaics auctions
3.7.4 Biomass auctions
3.7.5 Cross Border Auctions
3.7.6 Joint Auctions for Large Scale Onshore Wind and Solar Power Projects
3.7.7 Market Premium
3.8 Offshore Grid Development Plan 2030 (2017)
3.9 Emission Trading Scheme
3.10 Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse and Carbon Dioxide Emissions
3.11 Tenants' Solar Power Supply
3.12 Law on Energy and Climate fund
3.13 Seventh Energy Research Program- Innovations for the Energy Transition
3.14 Feed-in Tariff for Geothermal
3.15 Feed-in Tariff for Solar PV
3.16 Feed-in Tariff for Wind Power
3.17 Feed-in Tariff for Hydropower
3.18 Feed-in-Tariff for Biopower
3.19 Renewable Energies Heat Act
3.20 Market Incentive Program
3.21 KfW Renewable Energy Program
3.21.1 KfW Program for Offshore Wind Energy
3.22 Biofuel Sustainability Ordinance
3.23 Biofuel Quota
3.24 Biogas Subsidy
3.24.1 Flexibility Premium
3.24.2 Flexibility Surcharge

4 Appendix
4.1 Market Definitions
4.1.1 Power
4.1.2 Installed Capacity
4.1.3 Electricity Generation
4.1.4 Electricity Consumption
4.1.5 Renewable Energy Resources
4.2 Abbreviations
4.3 Bibliography
4.4 Methodology
4.5 Coverage

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/wcm77w/germany_renewable?w=4

Read more: Germany Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019 -...

LYON, France, 22 février 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Le 25 janvier 2019, le gouvernement français a annoncé un projet de planning de développement énergétique pour les dix prochaines années, qui prévoit qu'à la fin 2028, les installations avec les énergies renouvelables en France aura doubler au cours des dix prochaines années, et les nouvelles installations utilisent principalement l'énergie éolienne et solaire. Jusqu'au septembre 2018, les installations photovoltaïques en France ont atteint 8,8 GW. Selon ce nouveau projet, il est estimé qu'en 2023, les installations photovoltaïques atteindront 20,6 GW et atteindront entre 35,6 et 44,5 GW en 2028.

Le marché photovoltaïque français a fait preuve d'une grande vitalité et de nombreuses sociétés photovoltaïques se sont également tournées vers la France. Du 13 au 15 février, l'exposition de l'énergie « Be POSITIVE » s'est tenu avec succès à Lyon. Grâce à l'essor du photovoltaïque pendant ces deux dernières années et la prospérité du marché en Europe et en France, l'expo de cette année a attiré davantage la participation des sociétés et des investisseurs photovoltaïques par rapport à l'année précédente (2017).

LONGi,le leader mondial de la fabrication de panneaux photovoltaïques monocristallins, s'est présenté avec ses produits tel que PERC avec double faces, les panneaux demi-coupés, etc. C'est la première fois que LONGi fait une apparition publique en France depuis son entrée sur le marché français. En fait, LONGi est entré sur le marché français il y a plus d'un an. « En France et en Europe, le coût des terrains est élevé et le toit est cher. L'utilisation des produits plus efficaces revêt une grande importance. C'est pourquoi LONGi est venu en France avec les meilleures solutions de produits de conversion la plus efficace, en particulier pour les utilisateurs de toits en France. En 2019, nous fournirons sur le marché français comme des composants PERC demi-coupés, de double faces à haute efficacité. La puissance de produit de 60 panneaux a atteint 320W. » Wang Yan, directeur des ventes de LONGi Leye EMEA a exprimé.

« l'année dernière, nous avons obtenu une reconnaissance et un soutien important de la part de grands clients français. En 2019, nous allons fournir un meilleur service et de meilleurs produits pour servir le marché européen. », a ajouté Wang Yan.

Jean-Charles Drouvin, le directeur général de Kdi Solar, et le directeur commercial, Benoît Pecher, ont déclaré: « Au départ, MONO PERC était très coûteux sur le marché français et n'était utilisé que dans les projets de petite surfaces sur le toit et les projets spéciaux. Etant donnée que LONGi a toujours insisté sur l'investissement dans  la recherche et le développement de MONO PERC, la différence de prix s'est rapidement réduite, ce qui a rendu MONO PERC rapidement accepté par les publics et donc utilisé à grande surface. On peut dire que les produits à haute efficacité sur le marché de l'énergie photovoltaïque ont reçu une telle reconnaissance et qu'une grande partie d'entre eux bénéficient de la promotion et du développement de LONGi, faisant MONO PERC devenir le courant dominant du marché. Nous pensons que LONGi est la seule marque à laquelle on puisse faire confiance! »

Une autre chose à noter est que LONGi s'est engagé à fournir à la France une énergie verte vraiment propre et à satisfaire véritablement le marché français portant les exigences strictes pour l'empreinte carbone et les émissions de carbone. « LONGi est non seulement une entreprise commerciale, mais aussi une entreprise technologique axée sur la technologie, elle est également une entreprise avec le sens des responsabilités sociales. Nous insistons sur les investissements dans la recherche et le développement technologique pour améliorer l'efficacité des produits; Nous encourageons la réforme de la fabrication. Maintenant, nous avons réalisé la production de produits photovoltaïques à base d'énergie propre, tels que l'hydroélectricité locale, dans les usines monocristallines de la province Yunnan en Chine et de Kuching en Malaisie. À l'avenir, nous nous concentrerons davantage sur le concept "solar for solar" en utilisant l'énergie photovoltaïque pour fabriquer des produits photovoltaïques et envoyer les produits photovoltaïques vraiment propres aux clients en France », a déclaré Wang Yan.

Logo - https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/781516/LONGi_Solar_Logo.jpg

SOURCE LONGi Solar

Read more: L'industrie photovoltaïque avec un brillant...

NEW YORK, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Understanding Consumers' Perceptions, Expectations, and Willingness to Pay for Residential Battery Energy Storage Solutions is Key to Market Success

Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05744519

The residential battery storage market is being spurred on by feed-in tariff and net metering revisions in residential PV hotspots, subsidies and tax incentives, rapid reductions in lithium-ion battery prices, and rising electricity tariffs.This is resulting in a shift from policy-driven markets for solar power grid trade to self-consumption-driven markets.

The availability of residential storage increases the attractiveness for customers to enter the demand response market through similar aggregators, further increasing the value stack.Such functionalities allow for the opening up of income streams to customers besides enabling suppliers to offer system financing support, such as reduced or zero down payment loan, lease, or power purchase agreement (PPA) models.

Significant reductions in upfront costs for customers through such models, combined with the provision of income streams, cost reduction through self-consumption, additional cost-reduction benefits when combined with electric vehicles, and advantages of a reliable, green energy supply to customers are expected to drive this market, even before system price reductions reach levels seen as acceptable for broad-based adoption.

The market is expected to diversify significantly, with the US and Australia representing the two largest break-out markets and other European markets—Italy and the UK—expected to record significant growth.This study throws light on customers' interests, attitude, usage, and perceptions with regard to various aspects of the residential battery storage market globally.

It assesses customer willingness to pay for the residential battery storage systems with their preferred methods and also sheds light on the different brands, purpose of purchase, design (features) requirements, sources of information on battery storage solutions and suppliers.The study highlights the various growth opportunities for emerging as well as established players and identifies critical strategic imperatives.

It also includes a significant sample analysis from major countries such as USA, Australia, Korea, and European countries (UK, France, Germany, Spain, and Italy).

Key Issues Addressed
• What is the attitude of general consumers towards energy efficiency and sustainability?
• What are the key energy management systems used in today's households?
• What are the main reasons for installing a photovoltaic system and what can be done to improve the adoption rate?
• What are the disadvantages of photovoltaic systems and battery storage systems from the customer perspective?
• How is the adoption rate for home energy storage solutions expected to grow in the next five years?

Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05744519

About Reportlinker
ReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place.

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SOURCE Reportlinker

Related Links

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Read more: Voice of Customer Analysis of the Global...

LAS VEGAS, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- LG Electronics was honored by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) with the 2019 Spark Award for innovation in the residential building industry for its revolutionary steam clothing care system, the LG Styler.

The premium LG Styler clothing care system brings functionality and elegance to the home with a refined, modern design and the ability to keep clothes looking their very best.
The premium LG Styler clothing care system brings functionality and elegance to the home with a refined, modern design and the ability to keep clothes looking their very best.

The annual Spark Award recognizes the most innovative member of the NAHB Leading Suppliers Council each year. According to the NAHB, Spark Award winners demonstrate superior knowledge and expertise in developing cutting edge products and services, embrace a progressive outlook and demeanor, and exhibit a willingness to push the envelope when it comes to taking the home building industry to the next level.

"The experts have spoken with leading industry authorities recognizing the LG Styler for its advanced functionality and super performance," said Zach Elkin, general manager of the LG Builder division of LG Electronics USA. "It's a testament to the industry-leading technologies throughout our lineup of innovative product offerings for home builders and remodelers."

The premium LG Styler clothing care system brings functionality and elegance to the home with a refined, modern design and the ability to keep clothes looking their very best. At the core of the LG Styler is TrueSteam™ technology, which nearly eliminates germs and bacteria found in clothing, and is certified as asthma and allergy friendly® by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America.

New for 2019, the LG Styler with black tinted mirror finish exudes sophistication. It effortlessly and conveniently refreshes up to four garments simultaneously – including pressing a pair of pants in the door. With no plumbing required, LG Styler's versatility allows for easy setup in any room in the home, from the mudroom and the laundry room to the walk-in closet and master bedroom suite. The connected device includes Smart Diagnosis™, SmartThinQ™ and is compatible with the Google Assistant.

"The NAHB Leading Suppliers Council created the Spark Award to promote product innovation in our industry and celebrate our members that are making an impact on the future of building and design," said Eric Aitken, NAHB vice president. "The LG Styler embodies the essence of this award, as it is a true enhancement to the laundry room and living experience." 

The NAHB selected the LG Styler for its two official show homes at the 2019 International Builders' Show® in Las Vegas – the New American Home® and the New American Remodel.® The LG Styler also was  the centerpiece of the "LG Ultimate Laundry Room," which also includes the award-winning LG TWINWash™ washer-dryer pair, featured at the 2019 Kitchen & Bath Industry Show in Las Vegas.

For more information about LG's suite of Wi-Fi enabled home appliances, visit www.lg.com

About LG Electronics USA
LG Electronics USA, Inc., based in Englewood Cliffs, N.J., is the North American subsidiary of LG Electronics, Inc., a $55 billion global innovator in technology and manufacturing. In the United States, LG sells a wide range of innovative home appliances, home entertainment products, mobile phones, commercial displays, air conditioning systems, solar energy solutions and vehicle components. The "Life's Good" marketing theme encompasses how LG is dedicated to people's happiness by exceeding expectations to-day and tomorrow. LG is a 2018 ENERGY STAR® Partner of the Year-Sustained Excellence. www.LG.com.

SOURCE LG Electronics USA

Related Links

http://www.LG.com

Read more: LG Captures NAHB 2019 Spark Award

BEIJING, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- JA Solar Co., Ltd., a world-leading manufacturer of high-performance photovoltaic products, announced that it supplied all 48.3MW PERC modules for BP Solar 1 PV Power Plant in Vietnam. This represents the country's first project that uses PERC modules. Additionally, it is an important step in driving the application of high-efficiency solar modules in the markets of Vietnam and other Southeast Asia areas, and is of great importance for the development of renewable energy in the region.

Located in Ninh Thuan Province, the solar plant is developed and constructed by Bac Phuong Joint Stock Company (EPC Contractor), a well-known renewable energy company in Vietnam. With an installed capacity of 48.3MW, the plant is expected to generate 80 million kWh of electricity and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 79,760 tons per year. JA Solar cooperated with Bac Phuong Joint Stock Company closely and completed the supply of modules and construction of the project well ahead of schedule. On January 20, 2019, the plant was successfully connected to the national grid of Vietnam and put into operation.  

The project is located in a tropical low-latitude coastal area. The harsh environment in the region (including damp heat, saline and alkali conditions and high wind) set stringent requirements for solar module quality. JA Solar's solar modules have passed rigorous long-term reliability and environmental adaptability tests, and have excellent resistance to PID attenuation, salt corrosion and wind pressure, offering a strong guarantee for ensuring the stability of the power plant system and optimizing the power generation.

Mr. Jin Baofang, Chairman and CEO of JA Solar, said, "JA Solar will continue to focus on technological innovation and product quality improvement to meet the diverse needs of our global customers and promote the development of renewable energy around the globe."

SOURCE JA Solar Co., Ltd.

Related Links

http://www.jasolar.com/html/en/

Read more: JA Solar Supplies All Modules for the First PERC...

WASHINGTON, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- NASA has selected 12 science and technology demonstration payloads to fly to the Moon as early as the end of this year, dependent upon the availability of commercial landers. These selections represent an early step toward the agency's long-term scientific study and human exploration of the Moon and, later, Mars.

"The Moon has unique scientific value and the potential to yield resources, such as water and oxygen," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "Its proximity to Earth makes it especially valuable as a proving ground for deeper space exploration."

NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) initiated the request for proposals leading to these selections as the first step in achieving a variety of science and technology objectives that could be met by regularly sending instruments, experiments and other small payloads to the Moon.

"This payload selection announcement is the exciting next step on our path to return to the surface of the Moon," said Steve Clarke, SMD's deputy associate administrator for Exploration at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "The selected payloads, along with those that will be awarded through the Lunar Surface Instrument and Technology Payloads call, will begin to build a healthy pipeline of scientific investigations and technology development payloads that we can fly to the lunar surface using U.S. commercial landing delivery services. Future calls for payloads are planned to be released each year for additional opportunities," he said.

The selected payloads include a variety of scientific instruments.

  • The Linear Energy Transfer Spectrometer will measure the lunar surface radiation environment.
  • Three resource prospecting instruments have been selected to fly:
    • The Near-Infrared Volatile Spectrometer System is an imaging spectrometer that will measure surface composition.
    • The Neutron Spectrometer System and Advanced Neutron Measurements at the Lunar Surface are neutron spectrometers that will measure hydrogen abundance.
  • The Ion-Trap Mass Spectrometer for Lunar Surface Volatiles instrument is an ion-trap mass spectrometer that will measure volatile contents in the surface and lunar exosphere.
  • A magnetometer will measure the surface magnetic field.
  • The Low-frequency Radio Observations from the Near Side Lunar Surface instrument, a radio science instrument, will measure the photoelectron sheath density near the surface.
  • Three instruments will acquire critical information during entry, descent and landing on the lunar surface, which will inform the design of future landers including the next human lunar lander.
  • The Stereo Cameras for Lunar Plume-Surface Studies will image the interaction between the lander engine plume as it hits the lunar surface.
  • The Surface and Exosphere Alterations by Landers payload will monitor how the landing affects the lunar exosphere.
  • The Navigation Doppler Lidar for Precise Velocity and Range Sensing payload will make precise velocity and ranging measurements during the descent that will help develop precision landing capabilities for future landers.

There also are two technology demonstrations selected to fly.

  • The Solar Cell Demonstration Platform for Enabling Long-Term Lunar Surface Power will demonstrate advanced solar arrays for longer mission duration.
  • The Lunar Node 1 Navigation Demonstrator will demonstrate a navigational beacon to assist with geolocation for lunar orbiting spacecraft and landers.

NASA facilities across the nation are developing the payloads, including Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley; Glenn Research Center in Cleveland; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland; Johnson Space Center in Houston; Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia; and Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

Nine U.S. companies, selected through NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) in November 2018, currently are developing landers to deliver NASA payloads to the Moon's surface. As CLPS providers, they are pre-authorized to compete on individual delivery orders.

NASA also released the Lunar Surface Instrument and Technology Payload (LSITP) call in October 2018 soliciting proposals for science instrument and technology investigations. The final LSITP proposals are due Feb. 27 and awards are expected to be made this spring. 

"Once we have awarded the first CLPS mission task order later this spring, we will then select the specific payloads from the internal-NASA and LSITP calls to fly on that mission. Subsequent missions will fly other NASA instrument and technology development packages in addition to commercial payloads," said Clarke.

Commercial lunar payload delivery services for small payloads, and developing lunar landers for large payloads, to conduct more research on the Moon's surface is a vital step ahead of a human return.

As the next major step to return astronauts to the Moon under Space Policy Directive-1, NASA has announced plans to work with American companies to design and develop new reusable systems for astronauts to land on the lunar surface. The agency is planning to test new human-class landers on the Moon beginning in 2024, with the goal of sending crew to the surface by 2028.

For more information about NASA's Moon to Mars exploration plans, visit:

https://www.nasa.gov/moontomars

SOURCE NASA

Related Links

http://www.nasa.gov

Read more: NASA Selects Experiments for Possible Lunar...

BOSTON, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Flexible, Printed and Organic Electronics 2019-2029: Forecasts, Players & Opportunities, the recent report from IDTechEx Research, provides the most comprehensive view of the printed, organic and flexible electronics industry, giving detailed ten year forecasts by device type along with assessment of the trends, capabilities and market successes (and failures). The market is analyzed by each key component type in addition to assessing the market value by printed vs non-printed, rigid vs flexible and much more.

Impartial assessment

In the report IDTechEx Research appraises each enabling technology component by virtue of its market need - not technology push. We draw on over fifteen years of knowledge tracking this sector on a global scale which culminates in this report providing detailed, refined forecasts, strategic positioning and assessment of trends, "hot topics" and unmet opportunities. Coverage of the technology is without hype - critically assessing the technology capabilities and genuine opportunities with realistic outlook based on our leading market insight.

Report Structure

The report is based on extensive primary interviews with suppliers across the value chain (including materials supply, equipment providers, component makers and system integrators), through to end user / OEM interviews to understand the user requirements. Research has been conducted globally based on our extensive contact database of the industry.

Each of the key enabling components are covered in turn in this report, being:

  • Conductors (used in a wide range of applications with growth from In Mold Electronics, e-textiles, RF shielding and much more)
  • Logic and memory (growth areas include smart packaging)
  • OLED displays (growth areas being on-plastic and foldable OLEDs)
  • Printed Quantum Dot (QD) Displays and hybrid QD-OLED displays
  • OLED lighting (addressing niche premium priced applications versus the incumbent LED lighting)
  • Electrophoretic and other bistable displays (growth in electronic shelf labels while color versions of information signs are improved)
  • Electrochromic displays (new products for smart packaging and smart labels)
  • Electroluminescent displays (in steady decline)
  • Other displays
  • Batteries (with companies focussing on electronic skin patches and other wearables)
  • Photovoltaics (with focus on building integrated PV and new technologies including perovskite PV)
  • Sensors (nine types are analyzed)

For each of the above sectors, the report covers:

  • Latest technical progress
  • Current and emerging applications
  • Market size - now and forecast through to 2029
  • Trends, challenges and opportunities
  • Key players and profiles of players

In addition, the report includes assessment of the application of printed, organic and flexible electronics to different industries specifically including automotive & transportation, consumer electronics, consumer goods, wearable electronics and others.

The value chain, go to market strategies and case studies of success and failure are given. This widely referenced IDTechEx report brings it all together, with particular focus on applications and quantative assessment of opportunities.

Market sizing

IDTechEx Research finds that the total market for printed, flexible and organic electronics will grow from $31.7 Billion in 2018 to $77.3 billion in 2029. The majority of that is OLEDs (organic but not mainly made by printing); printed biosensors; and printed conductive ink (used for a wide range of applications, but predominately PV). On the other hand, stretchable electronics, logic and memory, flexible batteries and capacitive sensors are much smaller segments but with strong growth potential.

Company Profiles

IDTechEx Research continuously monitors hundreds of companies in this field, with the primary research used as a basis of the report. In addition, the report includes detailed profiles of over 50 companies.

If you are looking to understand the big picture, the opportunity, the problems you can address, or how you can start to use these technologies and the implications involved, this report is a must-buy. Researched by multilingual IDTechEx analysts and experts based eight countries in four continents, this report builds on 15 years of research of the industry.

For more information contact the IDTechEx team at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or visit www.IDTechEx.com/pe.

IDTechEx guides your strategic business decisions through its Research, Consultancy and Events services, helping you profit from emerging technologies. Find out more at www.IDTechEx.com.

Table of Contents for Flexible, Printed and Organic Electronics 2019-2029: Forecasts, Players & Opportunities

1.            EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

1.1.         Summary

1.2.         Definitions

1.3.         Description and analysis of the main technology components of printed, flexible and organic electronics

1.4.         Market potential and profitability

1.5.         Current market size

1.6.         Total Market Size by Component 2018-2029

1.7.         Total Market Size by Component 2018-2029

1.8.         Printed versus non-printed electronics

1.9.         Market Size for Printed Electronics Components and Materials 2018-2029

1.10.      Market Size for Printed Electronics Components and Materials 2018-2029

1.11.      Total market value of printed versus non-printed electronics 2018-2029

1.12.      Findings on printed versus non-printed electronics

1.13.      Flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics

1.14.      Key components needed for flexible AMOLED displays

1.15.      Market size of Flexible/ Conformation Electronics 2018-2029

1.16.      Market size of Flexible/ Conformation Electronics 2018-2029

1.17.      Market value of flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics chart and table

1.18.      Market by territory

1.19.      The value chain and unmet needs

1.20.      The Value Chain: Printed, Flexible & Organic Electronics

1.21.      The value chain is unbalanced

1.22.      But many have shifted to provide complete solutions

1.23.      Go to Market Strategies

1.24.      Strategy 2: Replace or do something simple in existing electronics/ electrics

1.25.      Strategy 3: Creating New Markets

1.26.      What end users want - results from end user surveys

1.27.      More companies are moving downstream to offer complete products

1.28.      Hybrid Electronics

2.            MARKET DRIVERS FOR PRINTED ELECTRONICS

2.1.         What is Printed, Flexible, Organic Electronics?

2.2.         Printed, organic and flexible electronics value

2.3.         Features that are associated with Printed Electronics

2.4.         Giant industries collaborate for the first time

2.5.         Recent Investments

2.6.         Printed electronics in the retail industry

2.7.         Printed electronics in healthcare

2.8.         Printed electronics in wearable technology

2.9.         Printed electronics in vehicles

2.10.      Printed electronics in consumer electronics, IoT, etc.

3.            CONDUCTIVE INKS

3.1.         Conductive Ink Options

3.2.         Conductive inks and pastes

3.3.         Characteristics of Ag nano inks

3.4.         Flake versus nanoparticle inks

3.5.         Explanation of conductive ink forecasts

3.6.         Conductive Inks/Pastes, Polymer Thick Film (PTF): Key Suppliers

3.7.         Nano particle conductive Inks/Pastes: Key Suppliers

3.8.         Conductive Ink 2019 Market by Application $ millions

3.9.         Conductive inks forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

3.10.      Conductive Ink in Photovoltaics

3.11.      Silver consumption per PV wafer greatly improves

3.12.      Touch screen market

3.13.      Touch screen edge electrodes: getting finer

3.14.      Automotive industry: Increasing use cases

3.15.      Simple Circuit Printing

3.16.      Structural Electronics

3.17.      3D antennas

3.18.      In-Mold Electronics (IME)

3.19.      In-Mold Electronics (IME) Process and Examples

3.20.      In-Mold Electronic Process

3.21.      Comments on IME requirements

3.22.      New ink requirements: stretchability

3.23.      New ink requirements: portfolio approach

3.24.      General application areas for IME

3.25.      In-Mold Electronics (IME) Case Studies

3.26.      Automotive: direct heating of headlamp plastic covers

3.27.      3D printed electronics

3.28.      Why 3D Printed Electronics?

3.29.      Stretchable inks for E-Textiles

3.30.      Conformal EMI shielding

3.31.      Other Conductive Ink Applications

3.32.      Conductive Ink Summary

3.33.      Company profiles related to this chapter

4.            DISPLAYS

4.1.         Displays

4.1.1.     Market drivers

4.1.2.     New and established display technologies compared

4.2.         OLED Displays

4.2.1.     OLED displays

4.2.2.     Why choose OLED over LCD?

4.2.3.     Drivers for Display Innovation: OLED Displays

4.2.4.     Evolution of the OLED industry

4.2.5.     Examples of OLED products

4.2.6.     Global OLED Production Capacity

4.2.7.     OLED Display Market 2017-2018 by Value and SQ Meters

4.2.8.     OLED market forecasts 2019-2029 $ Millions

4.2.9.     OLED Display Forecasts 2019-2029 Area (sqm) by Form Factor (Rigid versus Flexible)

4.2.10.   OLED Display Forecasts 2019-2029, Panel Numbers by Form Factor (Rigid versus Flexible)

4.2.11.   First step towards flexible: OLED on plastic substrate

4.2.12.   The rise of plastic and flexible AMOLED

4.2.13.   Case study: the Apple Watch

4.2.14.   Case study: Motorola shatterproof screen

4.2.15.   Key components needed for flexible AMOLED displays

4.2.16.   Roadmap towards flexible AMOLED displays and flexible electronics devices

4.2.17.   When will foldable displays take off?

4.2.18.   Flexible OLEDs: First Foldable Display Comes to Market

4.2.19.   Printing OLEDs

4.2.20.   Inkjet Printing Organic Materials for Thin Film Encapsulation of OLEDs

4.2.21.   Printed OLEDs: Printing RGB materials

4.2.22.   Inkjet printing: is it worth it?

4.2.23.   R G B inkjet printing in displays

4.2.24.   Printed OLED Displays: Key Players

4.2.25.   Inkjet printed AMOLED finally commercial?

4.2.26.   Printed OLED TVs

4.2.27.   JOLED: First Commercial Printed OLED Display

4.2.28.   JOLED Printed OLED Strategy

4.2.29.   UDC: Organic vapour jet printing

4.2.30.   Fraunhofer IAP'S ESJET printing

4.2.31.   Printing in Quantum Dot OLED Hybrid Displays

4.3.         Electrophoretic and other bi-stable displays

4.3.1.     Electrophoretic and other bi-stable displays

4.3.2.     Electrophoretic e-readers decline - what's next?

4.3.3.     The Holy Grail: Color E-paper Displays

4.3.4.     New color display from E Ink without filters

4.3.5.     Signage

4.3.6.     Colour Electrophoretic Displays are Available

4.3.7.     E-Paper Revenues

4.3.8.     The early years of flexible E-ink displays

4.3.9.     Flexible EPD suppliers in 2018

4.3.10.   New players in Reflective BiStable Displays

4.3.11.   Electrowetting displays

4.3.12.   Electrowetting displays: Liquavista

4.3.13.   Electrowetting displays: Etulipa

4.3.14.   Electrophoretic and Bi-Stable displays Market Forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

4.4.         Electrochromic displays

4.4.1.     Electrochromic displays

4.4.2.     Ynvisible Electrochromic Displays

4.4.3.     Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2018-2029

4.5.         AC Electroluminescent displays

4.5.1.     AC Electroluminescent displays

4.5.2.     AC electroluminescent displays

4.5.3.     EL technology

4.5.4.     AC Electroluminescent (EL) Displays

4.5.5.     Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

4.6.         Thermochromic displays

4.6.1.     Thermochromic Displays

4.7.         Flexible LCDs

4.7.1.     Flexible LCDs from FlexEnable

4.7.2.     Flexible LCDs: Conclusions

4.7.3.     Company profiles related to this chapter

5.            LED AND OLED LIGHTING

5.1.         OLED Lighting

5.1.1.     Value proposition of OLED vs LED lighting

5.1.2.     OLED lighting: solid-state, efficient, cold, surface emission, flexible......?

5.1.3.     OLED Lighting Status

5.1.4.     Cost challenge set by the incumbent (inorganic LED)

5.1.5.     Comparing OLED and LED lighting

5.1.6.     OLED Lighting is more challenging than OLED displays in terms of lifetime and light intensity requirements

5.1.7.     OLED lighting - cost projection

5.1.8.     Market announcements

5.1.9.     Technology progress

5.1.10.   OLED Lighting - market penetration

5.1.11.   OLED lighting value chain

5.1.12.   S2S Lines: OLEDWorks in Aachen (ex-Philips line)

5.1.13.   S2S lines: LG display: Gen-2 and Gen 5

5.1.14.   R2R line: Konica Minolta

5.1.15.   But why is it so difficult to reduce cost??

5.1.16.   OLED Lighting Market Forecast

5.1.17.   OLED Lighting Market Forecast 2018-2029 $ millions

5.2.         Printed LED lighting

5.2.1.     Printed LED lighting

5.2.2.     Nth Degree - Printed LEDs

6.            PHOTOVOLTAICS

6.1.         Introduction to photovoltaic technologies

6.2.         Comparison of photovoltaic technologies

6.3.         Efficiencies of Different Solar Technologies: Cells and Modules

6.4.         Printing in crystalline silicon PV

6.5.         Thin film photovoltaics

6.6.         Value propositions—beyond conventional silicon

6.7.         Amorphous silicon

6.8.         CdTe and CIGS

6.9.         DSSCs

6.10.      Organic PV (OPV)

6.11.      OPV: Typical device architectures

6.12.      R2R solution vs R2R evaporation

6.13.      OPV Progress

6.14.      Solution Processed 17.5% tandem OPV (Aug 2018)

6.15.      Examples of Organic PV

6.16.      OPV installations

6.17.      Challenges Commercializing Organic PV

6.18.      Comparison between OPV and silicon

6.19.      Konarka vs Heliatek: a case study

6.20.      Case study: Konarka's failure

6.21.      Heliatek: R2R evaporated OPV

6.22.      Value Chain of OPV

6.23.      Latest progress update

6.24.      Perovskites

6.25.      Research-cell efficiencies of different solar technologies

6.26.      Perovskite structure

6.27.      Working principle

6.28.      Evolution of Perovskite Development

6.29.      Structures/architectures of perovskite solar cells

6.30.      Perovskite solar cell evolution

6.31.      Perovskite PV Commercial Opportunity

6.32.      Perovskite PV Applications and Challenges

6.33.      The Achilles' Heel

6.34.      Efforts to overcome challenges

6.35.      Overview

6.36.      Pilot-scale capacity

6.37.      Large scale roll-to-roll printed perovskite solar cells

6.38.      Microquanta Semiconductor

6.39.      Unique features are required where silicon PVs cannot provide

6.40.      Application roadmap of perovskite photovoltaics

6.41.      Market trends and forecasts

6.42.      Company profiles related to this chapter

6.43.      Perovskite Photovoltaics 2018-2028

7.            PRINTED, FLEXIBLE BATTERIES

7.1.         Introduction to batteries

7.2.         Comparison of Power Options

7.3.         Applications

7.4.         Applications of printed batteries

7.5.         Skin Patches

7.6.         Application market roadmap

7.7.         Printed battery technologies: Zn Based

7.8.         Zinc-based printed batteries

7.9.         Printed battery technologies: Li-ion Based

7.10.      Printed battery layout

7.11.      Component options of printed batteries

7.12.      Typical construction and reaction of printed disposable battery

7.13.      Players in printed battery industry

7.14.      Rechargeable ZincPolyTM from Imprint Energy

7.15.      Screen printed secondary zinc/nickel hydride batteries

7.16.      Technology comparison and benchmarking

7.17.      Technology benchmarking

7.18.      Status of flexible batteries

7.19.      Flexible and Printed Batteries 2019-2029 Market Value by Chemistry type $ millions

7.20.      Flexible and Printed Batteries Market by Application in 2019 and 2029 $ millions

7.21.      Company profiles related to this chapter

8.            SENSORS

8.1.         Definitions and benefits

8.1.1.     Definitions

8.1.2.     Main benefits of printed sensors

8.1.3.     Types of sensors that can be printed

8.1.4.     Market Maturity by Sensor Type

8.1.5.     Printed and Flexible Sensor Market by Sensor type, 2019 $ millions

8.1.6.     Printed and Flexible Sensor Market Forecast 2018-2029 $ Millions

8.2.         BioSensors

8.2.1.     Biosensors: Printed glucose test strips

8.2.2.     Anatomy of a test strip: one example

8.2.3.     Manufacturing steps of Lifescan Ultra

8.2.4.     Profitability in the test strip industry is falling

8.2.5.     Big four test strip manufacturers are changing to counter decreasing profitability

8.2.6.     Diabetes management device roadmap: Glucose sensors

8.2.7.     Test strips: A Billion Dollar market but in decline

8.2.8.     Focus shifts from test strips to CGM

8.2.9.     Glucose sensors for diabetes management: players

8.2.10.   ECG (or similar) electrodes

8.2.11.   Printed, flexible sweat sensor

8.3.         Capacitive Sensors (including Transparent Conductive Films TCFs)

8.3.1.     Capacitive Sensors

8.3.2.     Printed Transparent Conductive Films (TCFs)

8.3.3.     Metal mesh: hybrid

8.3.4.     Metal mesh using screen printing

8.3.5.     Metal mesh using gravure offset printing

8.3.6.     Toray's photocurable screen printed paste for fine line metal mesh

8.3.7.     Metal mesh with inkjet printing

8.3.8.     Metal mesh: print seed layer and plate?

8.3.9.     Silver nanowires: roll to roll formation using printing

8.3.10.   Capacitive sensors on films

8.3.11.   In-Mold Electronics: expanding material toolkit

8.3.12.   IME PEDOT touch surfaces

8.3.13.   Capacitive pressure/force sensor

8.3.14.   Fluid level sensor

8.3.15.   Printed capacitive stretch sensors

8.3.16.   Applications: Strain sensor

8.3.17.   Applications: haptic actuator

8.3.18.   Printed capacitive stretch sensors: applications

8.4.         Force Sensors (Piezoresistive)

8.4.1.     Force sensing resistors (Piezoresistors)

8.4.2.     Printed piezoresistive sensor

8.4.3.     Materials

8.4.4.     Previous applications of FSR

8.4.5.     Sensors module: press buttons and large area sensors

8.4.6.     Emerging applications

8.5.         Force Sensors and Haptics (Piezoelectric and Ferroelectric)

8.5.1.     Ferroelectric & Piezoelectric Sensors and Actuators

8.5.2.     PVDF-based polymer options for sensing and haptic actuators

8.5.3.     Low temperature inks

8.5.4.     Applications: Touch sensing on metal

8.5.5.     Joanneum Research: Pyzoflex

8.5.6.     Applications: Skin conformable sensor

8.5.7.     Applications: Loudspeaker

8.5.8.     Applications: Haptic actuators

8.5.9.     Example application: Haptic gloves

8.6.         Temperature and humidity sensors

8.6.1.     Printed temperature sensors

8.6.2.     InFlect thermistor

8.6.3.     Printed thermistors enable new designs

8.6.4.     Humidity sensor with carbon nanotubes

8.6.5.     Application to biometric sensing

8.6.6.     Wireless humidity sensors

8.7.         Printed Gas Sensors

8.7.1.     Printed metal oxide gas sensors

8.7.2.     Electrochemical gas sensor

8.7.3.     Printed electrochemical gas sensors

8.8.         Printed, Organic Photodetectors / Image Sensors

8.8.1.     Printed organic photodetectors

8.8.2.     Printed organic photodetectors

8.8.3.     Which wavelength can be detected?

8.8.4.     First production line for OPD

8.8.5.     What can you do with organic photodetectors?

8.8.6.     Applications and prototypes

8.8.7.     Large area image sensors

8.8.8.     Applications of large area image sensors

8.8.9.     Company profiles related to this chapter

9.            LOGIC AND SYSTEMS

9.1.         Types of Flexible or Printed Transistor Circuits

9.2.         Why Print TFTs?

9.3.         Semiconductor Choices Compared

9.4.         But challenges persist...

9.5.         Semiconductor choices

9.6.         Incumbent TFT technologies- silicon based

9.7.         Metal Oxide Semiconductors

9.8.         Metal Oxide production process

9.9.         IGZO enables large sized OLED TVs

9.10.      IGZO enables large sized OLED TVs

9.11.      But can Metal Oxide Semiconductors be printed?

9.12.      Evonik's solution processible metal oxide

9.13.      Latest progress with iXensic

9.14.      Temperatures well below 350C

9.15.      And even at room temperature with deep UV annealing

9.16.      Organic semiconductors

9.17.      OTFT Mobility hype: reality check

9.18.      All printed TFTs

9.19.      All printed TFTs

9.20.      JAPERA all printed TFT

9.21.      S2S automatic printed OTFT

9.22.      Roll-to-roll printed organic TFTs

9.23.      Merck's Organic TFT

9.24.      Carbon nanotubes and graphene transistors

9.25.      TFT Active Matrix (AM) arrays for displays and sensors

9.26.      Three TFT technologies for flexible displays

9.27.      TFT technologies for flexible displays

9.28.      Challenges with Organic TFTs

9.29.      AM electrophoretic display backplanes

9.30.      Flexible LCDs

9.31.      Organic LCD (FlexEnable)

9.32.      JDI

9.33.      Flexible LCDs: Conclusions

9.34.      Use of TFT arrays in X-ray detectors

9.35.      Next generation X-ray sensors: flexible

9.36.      Advantage of organic TFT

9.37.      Flexible fingerprint sensors

9.38.      Other sensors with flexible TFTs: electronic skin

9.39.      Flexible or printed transistors for logic, creating smart systems

9.40.      Mediocre TFTs can do many functions

9.41.      Current work in developing flexible transistor RFID and Smart Packaging

9.42.      IMEC / Holst Centre Roadmap

9.43.      Benefits of flexible logic

9.44.      Logic Based Systems

9.45.      Lessons from the Silicon Chip: need for modularity

9.46.      Thin, flexible 'NFC' ICs come to market for simple wireless barcodes

9.47.      Logic and Smart System Forecast 2018-2029 $ millions

9.48.      Company profiles related to this chapter

10.          PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES, CURING, SINTERING AND SYSTEM ASSEMBLY

10.1.      Printing Technologies

10.1.1.   Value Chain for Printing in Electronics

10.1.2.   Screen Printing Dominates in Commercial Devices

10.1.3.   Screen Printing

10.1.4.   Inkjet Printing

10.1.5.   Aerosol Jet

10.1.6.   Flexo Printing

10.1.7.   Gravure Printing

10.1.8.   Slot Die Coating

10.1.9.   Main parameters to cosnider when printing functional ink

10.1.10.                Printing Technique Comparison

10.1.11.                Printed Performance Characteristics

10.2.      Curing / Sintering

10.2.1.   Integral part of the layer deposition process: Drying and curing of printed layers

10.2.2.   Principle of Vertical Ovens

10.2.3.   Curing profiles of traditional pastes

10.2.4.   Performance levels

10.2.5.   Pulse of light: Photo-sintering

10.2.6.   Photo-sintering

10.3.      System Assembly

10.3.1.   Design Options for Printed Electronics

10.3.2.   Component Attach Options

10.3.3.   Component Attach Example

10.3.4.   System Encapsulation

10.3.5.   Automation for Manufacture

10.3.6.   Roll to Roll Assembly

11.          COMPANY PROFILES

11.1.      ACREO

11.2.      Agfa

11.3.      Alta devices

11.4.      Applied materials

11.5.      Armor

11.6.      BASF

11.7.      Bebop

11.8.      Blue Spark

11.9.      Botfactory

11.10.    CDT/Sumitomo Chemical

11.11.    Ceradrop

11.12.    Clariant

11.13.    Clearink

11.14.    Coatema

11.15.    CPI

11.16.    Dupont

11.17.    E Ink

11.18.    Enfucell

11.19.    Fujifilm

11.20.    Heliatek

11.21.    Henkel

11.22.    Hereaus

11.23.    Imprint

11.24.    Interlink

11.25.    Isorg

11.26.    Jenax

11.27.    Kateeva

11.28.    Molex

11.29.    Merck group

11.30.    Meyer Burger

11.31.    Nagase

11.32.    Notion Systems

11.33.    Novacentrix

11.34.    NRC

11.35.    Optomec

11.36.    Oxford PV

11.37.    PARC

11.38.    Plastic Logic GmbH

11.39.    PragmatIC

11.40.    PST sensors

11.41.    Royole

11.42.    Smartkem

11.43.    Sun Chemical

11.44.    Tactotek

11.45.    Tangio

11.46.    Thinfilm electronics

11.47.    Ubiquitous energy

11.48.    Voltera

11.49.    VTT

11.50.    XTPL

12.          TABLES

12.1.      Total Market Size by Component 2018-2029

12.2.      Market Size for Printed Electronics Components and Materials 2018-2029

12.3.      Total market value of printed versus non-printed electronics 2018-2029

12.4.      Market size of Flexible/ Conformation Electronics 2018-2029

12.5.      Market value of flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics chart and table

12.6.      New and established display technologies compared

12.7.      Global OLED Production Capacity

12.8.      Conductive inks forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

12.9.      OLED market forecasts 2019-2029 $ Millions

12.10.    OLED Display Forecasts 2019-2029 Area (sqm) by Form Factor (Rigid versus Flexible)

12.11.    OLED Display Forecasts 2019-2029, Panel Numbers by Form Factor (Rigid versus Flexible)

12.12.    Electrophoretic and Bi-Stable displays Market Forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

12.13.    Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2018-2029

12.14.    Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

12.15.    OLED Lighting Market Forecast 2018-2029 $ millions

12.16.    OLED lighting market forecasts 2018-2029

12.17.    Printed and Flexible Sensor Market by Sensor type, 2019 $ millions

12.18.    Printed and Flexible Sensor Market Forecast 2018-2029 $ Millions

12.19.    Logic and Smart System Forecast 2018-2029 $ millions

13.          FIGURES

13.1.      Total Market Size by Component 2018-2029

13.2.      Market Size for Printed Electronics Components and Materials 2018-2029

13.3.      Total market value of printed versus non-printed electronics 2018-2029

13.4.      Market size of Flexible/ Conformation Electronics 2018-2029

13.5.      Market value of flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics chart and table

13.6.      Characteristics of Ag nano inks

13.7.      Conductive Ink 2019 Market by Application $ millions

13.8.      Conductive inks forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

13.9.      Conductive Ink Summary

13.10.    OLED Display Market 2017-2018 by Value and SQ Meters

13.11.    OLED market forecasts 2019-2029 $ Millions

13.12.    OLED Display Forecasts 2019-2029 Area (sqm) by Form Factor (Rigid versus Flexible)

13.13.    OLED Display Forecasts 2019-2029, Panel Numbers by Form Factor (Rigid versus Flexible)

13.14.    Electrophoretic and Bi-Stable displays Market Forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

13.15.    Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2018-2029

13.16.    Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2018-2029 $ millions

13.17.    OLED Lighting Market Forecast 2018-2029 $ millions

13.18.    Efficiencies of Different Solar Technologies: Cells and Modules

13.19.    Research-cell efficiencies of different solar technologies

13.20.    OLED lighting market forecasts 2018-2029

13.21.    Comparison of Power Options

13.22.    Application market roadmap

13.23.    Technology benchmarking

13.24.    Flexible and Printed Batteries 2019-2029 Market Value by Chemistry type $ millions

13.25.    Flexible and Printed Batteries Market by Application in 2019 and 2029 $ millions

13.26.    Printed and Flexible Sensor Market by Sensor type, 2019 $ millions

13.27.    Printed and Flexible Sensor Market Forecast 2018-2029 $ Millions

13.28.    Focus shifts from test strips to CGM

13.29.    PVDF-based polymer options for sensing and haptic actuators

13.30.    But can Metal Oxide Semiconductors be printed?

13.31.    Mediocre TFTs can do many functions

13.32.    Logic and Smart System Forecast 2018-2029 $ millions

13.33.    Curing performance levels

Media Contact:

Charlotte Martin

Marketing & Research Co-ordinator

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+44(0)1223 812300

SOURCE IDTechEx

Read more: IDTechEx Global Research Report on Flexible,...

WASHINGTON, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- NASA has selected 12 science and technology demonstration payloads to fly to the Moon as early as the end of this year, dependent upon the availability of commercial landers. These selections represent an early step toward the agency's long-term scientific study and human exploration of the Moon and, later, Mars.

"The Moon has unique scientific value and the potential to yield resources, such as water and oxygen," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. "Its proximity to Earth makes it especially valuable as a proving ground for deeper space exploration."

NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) initiated the request for proposals leading to these selections as the first step in achieving a variety of science and technology objectives that could be met by regularly sending instruments, experiments and other small payloads to the Moon.

"This payload selection announcement is the exciting next step on our path to return to the surface of the Moon," said Steve Clarke, SMD's deputy associate administrator for Exploration at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "The selected payloads, along with those that will be awarded through the Lunar Surface Instrument and Technology Payloads call, will begin to build a healthy pipeline of scientific investigations and technology development payloads that we can fly to the lunar surface using U.S. commercial landing delivery services. Future calls for payloads are planned to be released each year for additional opportunities," he said.

The selected payloads include a variety of scientific instruments.

  • The Linear Energy Transfer Spectrometer will measure the lunar surface radiation environment.
  • Three resource prospecting instruments have been selected to fly:
    • The Near-Infrared Volatile Spectrometer System is an imaging spectrometer that will measure surface composition.
    • The Neutron Spectrometer System and Advanced Neutron Measurements at the Lunar Surface are neutron spectrometers that will measure hydrogen abundance.
  • The Ion-Trap Mass Spectrometer for Lunar Surface Volatiles instrument is an ion-trap mass spectrometer that will measure volatile contents in the surface and lunar exosphere.
  • A magnetometer will measure the surface magnetic field.
  • The Low-frequency Radio Observations from the Near Side Lunar Surface instrument, a radio science instrument, will measure the photoelectron sheath density near the surface.
  • Three instruments will acquire critical information during entry, descent and landing on the lunar surface, which will inform the design of future landers including the next human lunar lander.
  • The Stereo Cameras for Lunar Plume-Surface Studies will image the interaction between the lander engine plume as it hits the lunar surface.
  • The Surface and Exosphere Alterations by Landers payload will monitor how the landing affects the lunar exosphere.
  • The Navigation Doppler Lidar for Precise Velocity and Range Sensing payload will make precise velocity and ranging measurements during the descent that will help develop precision landing capabilities for future landers.

There also are two technology demonstrations selected to fly.

  • The Solar Cell Demonstration Platform for Enabling Long-Term Lunar Surface Power will demonstrate advanced solar arrays for longer mission duration.
  • The Lunar Node 1 Navigation Demonstrator will demonstrate a navigational beacon to assist with geolocation for lunar orbiting spacecraft and landers.

NASA facilities across the nation are developing the payloads, including Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley; Glenn Research Center in Cleveland; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland; Johnson Space Center in Houston; Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia; and Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

Nine U.S. companies, selected through NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) in November 2018, currently are developing landers to deliver NASA payloads to the Moon's surface. As CLPS providers, they are pre-authorized to compete on individual delivery orders.

NASA also released the Lunar Surface Instrument and Technology Payload (LSITP) call in October 2018 soliciting proposals for science instrument and technology investigations. The final LSITP proposals are due Feb. 27 and awards are expected to be made this spring. 

"Once we have awarded the first CLPS mission task order later this spring, we will then select the specific payloads from the internal-NASA and LSITP calls to fly on that mission. Subsequent missions will fly other NASA instrument and technology development packages in addition to commercial payloads," said Clarke.

Commercial lunar payload delivery services for small payloads, and developing lunar landers for large payloads, to conduct more research on the Moon's surface is a vital step ahead of a human return.

As the next major step to return astronauts to the Moon under Space Policy Directive-1, NASA has announced plans to work with American companies to design and develop new reusable systems for astronauts to land on the lunar surface. The agency is planning to test new human-class landers on the Moon beginning in 2024, with the goal of sending crew to the surface by 2028.

For more information about NASA's Moon to Mars exploration plans, visit:

https://www.nasa.gov/moontomars

SOURCE NASA

Related Links

http://www.nasa.gov

Read more: NASA Selects Experiments for Possible Lunar...

ANNAPOLIS, Md.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure Capital, Inc. ("Hannon Armstrong," "we," "our" or the "Company") (NYSE: HASI), a capital provider focused on sustainable infrastructure markets that address climate change, today reported quarterly results.

Highlights

  • Delivered $0.75 annual GAAP EPS for 2018, compared to $0.57 for 2017
  • Delivered $1.38 annual Core EPS for 2018, compared to $1.27 for 2017
  • Confirming previously stated 2018 to 2020 annual Core EPS growth (using 2017 as the baseline) to be between 2% to 6%, equivalent to $1.37 at the midpoint in 2019 and $1.43 at the midpoint in 2020
  • Increased dividend approximately 2% per share for Q1 2019 to $0.335 per share, for an annualized yield of 5.7% based on our closing stock price of $23.54 on February 20, 2018
  • Closed approximately $1.2 billion of transactions in 2018, compared to approximately $1.0 billion for 2017
  • Pipeline exceeds $2.5 billion; Widely diversified across all our target markets
  • Refinanced and extended primary credit facility to increase flexibility, lower cost and diversify our lender group
  • Fixed-rate debt level of 74%
  • Debt to Equity ratio of 1.5 to 1 as of December 31, 2018
  • An estimated 496,000 metric tons of annual carbon emissions will be avoided by our 2018 transactions equating to a CarbonCount® score of 0.42, or 0.42 metric tons per $1,000 invested

"Our strong Q4 and FY 2018 earnings resulted from the successful execution of our business plan in virtually all of our target markets. We demonstrated the flexibility of our business model by using both securitizations and accretive balance sheet additions to simultaneously solve our clients’ need for more capital, while delivering attractive risk-adjusted returns for 2018, and laying the foundation for future years," said Jeffrey Eckel, President & CEO. "Looking ahead, our pipeline continues to strengthen as our target markets develop, our client base expands and the addressable market for investing in solutions for climate change grows."

A summary of our results is shown in the tables below:

       
For the three months ended

December 31, 2018

For the three months ended

December 31, 2017

$ in thousands     Per Share $ in thousands     Per Share
GAAP Net Income $ 9,055 $ 0.16 $ 3,383 $ 0.06
Core Earnings (1) $ 21,067 $ 0.37 $ 16,410 $ 0.31
 
For the year ended

December 31, 2018

For the year ended

December 31, 2017

$ in thousands Per Share $ in thousands Per Share
GAAP Net Income $ 41,577 $ 0.75 $ 30,856 $ 0.57
Core Earnings (1) $ 75,800 $ 1.38 $ 66,135 $ 1.27

 

(1)   The difference between GAAP net income and core earnings is primarily the result of adjusting for a return on capital from our equity investments in renewable energy projects and adding back non-cash equity-based compensation. A description of how we calculate core earnings and a reconciliation of our GAAP net income to core earnings is included in this press release.
 

Guidance

The Company is confirming its previously issued three-year guidance from 2018 to 2020 with respect to core earnings per share growth, on a compounded annual basis over the three years, in the 2% to 6% range, equivalent to $1.37 at the midpoint in 2019 and $1.43 at the midpoint in 2020. This guidance reflects the Company’s estimates of (i) yield on its existing Portfolio; (ii) yield on incremental Portfolio investments, inclusive of the Company’s existing pipeline; (iii) the volume and profitability of securitization transactions; (iv) amount, timing, and costs of debt and equity capital to fund new investments; (v) changes in costs and expenses reflective of the Company’s forecasted operations, and (vi) the general interest rate and market environment. All guidance is based on current expectations of future economic conditions, the regulatory environment, the dynamics of the markets in which we operate and the judgment of the Company’s management team. The Company has not provided GAAP guidance as discussed in the Forward-Looking Statements section of this press release.

Financial Results

Revenue grew by approximately $32 million, or 31%, for the year ended December 31, 2018, as compared to 2017. The increase in revenue was the result of an increase in gain on sale and fee income of $15 million and higher yields on our Portfolio. In the fourth quarter, approximately $300 million of residential solar assets and our related $250 million of debt was prepaid. Both revenues and interest expense were impacted by this transaction as we recorded approximately $9 million of prepayment fees and the remaining portion of the unamortized loan fees of approximately $4 million in interest income offset by approximately $9 million of costs recorded in interest expense relating to the debt repayment. For the three months ended December 31, 2018, revenue grew by approximately $12 million, or 45%, as compared to the same period in 2017 largely due to the impact of the repayment discussed above.

Interest expense for the year rose by approximately $11 million as a result of the prepayment expense described above and higher fixed rate debt, primarily in the first three quarters of the year. The higher interest expense for the year was offset in the fourth quarter by a series of transactions which lower our interest costs including refinancing our primary credit facility, reducing the levels of our interest rate swaps and the $250 million debt repayment which reduced our leverage. The effect of these changes was the interest expense for the quarter increased by approximately $1 million as compared to the same period last year.

Other expenses (compensation and benefits and general and administrative expenses) increased by approximately $9 million for GAAP and $10 million for core earnings for the year ended December 31, 2018, as compared to the same periods in 2017 due primarily to an increase in the size of the Company as well as additional bonus accrual in the fourth quarter to reflect the performance of the Company. For the quarter, these other expenses rose by approximately $5 million for GAAP and $6 million for core earnings as compared to the same period last year.

For the quarter and the year ended December 31, 2018, income from equity method investments was largely consistent with the same period in 2017. The non-cash income tax expenses of the Company rose by approximately $1 million for the year and was largely flat for the quarter.

For the year ended December 31, 2018, GAAP net income increased by approximately $11 million as compared to 2017. For the three months ended December 31, 2018, we recognized GAAP net income of $9 million, an increase of $6 million over the same quarter last year.

Core earnings grew by approximately $10 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 over 2017 primarily as a result of increased gain on sale income due to increased securitization activity. Fourth quarter core earnings grew by approximately $5 million over the same quarter last year primarily as a result of the higher GAAP income. For additional information, please see "Explanatory Notes - Non-GAAP Financial Measures - Core Earnings."

A reconciliation of our GAAP net income to core earnings is included in this press release.

The calculation of our fixed-rate debt and leverage ratios as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 are shown in the chart below:

               

December 31,

2018

% of Total

December 31,

2017

% of Total
($ in millions) ($ in millions)
Floating-rate borrowings (1) $ 317 26 % $ 110 8 %
Fixed-rate debt (2)   925 74 %   1,318 92 %
Total $ 1,242 100 % $ 1,428 100 %
Leverage (3)

 

1.5 to 1

 

2.2 to 1

 
(1)   Floating-rate borrowings include borrowings under our floating-rate credit facilities and approximately $58 million and $40 million of nonrecourse debt with floating rate exposure as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Approximately $32 million of the December 31, 2018 floating rate exposure is hedged beginning in 2019.
 
(2) Fixed-rate debt also includes the present notional value of non-recourse debt that is hedged using interest rate swaps. Debt excludes securitizations that are not consolidated on our balance sheet.
 
(3) Leverage, as measured by our debt-to-equity ratio. This calculation excludes securitizations that are not consolidated on our balance sheet (where the collateral is typically financing receivables with U.S. government obligors).
 

Given our historical and present leverage levels consistently remaining below 2.5 to 1, our Board of Directors as of February 2019 has clarified the leverage target to be up to 2.5 to 1 versus the prior level of 2.5 to 1.

"We executed on our financing plan by closing approximately $1 billion of financing in the fourth quarter of 2018 - successfully accessing both the debt and equity capital markets as well as lowering the cost and extending the maturity of our credit facilities," said Brendan Herron, Chief Financial Officer. "We have reduced our level of fixed-rate debt to near the midpoint of our range based on the changing interest rate outlook. Given the transactions in the quarter, we also reduced our level of leverage and expect to continue to adjust the leverage based upon the portfolio mix and market conditions."

Portfolio

Our Portfolio totaled approximately $2.0 billion as of December 31, 2018, and included approximately $1.0 billion of behind-the-meter assets, approximately $0.9 billion of grid-connected assets and approximately $0.1 billion of other sustainable infrastructure investments. The following is an analysis of our Portfolio as of December 31, 2018:

                       
Investment Grade
Government (1)     Commercial (2)    

Commercial

Non-Investment

Grade (3)

    Subtotal,
Debt and
Real Estate
    Equity
Method
Investments
    Total
($ in millions)
Equity investments in renewable energy projects $ $ $ $ $ 449 $ 449
Receivables and investments 600 216 299 1,115 1,115
Real estate (4)     365     365   22   387
Total $ 600 $ 581 $ 299 $ 1,480 $ 471 $ 1,951
Average remaining balance (5) $ 12 $ 6 $ 14 $ 9 $ 16 $ 10
 
(1)   Transactions where the ultimate obligor is the U.S. federal government or state or local governments where the obligors are rated investment grade (either by an independent rating agency or based upon our internal credit analysis). This amount includes $384 million of U.S. federal government transactions and $216 million of transactions where the ultimate obligors are state or local governments. Transactions may have guaranties of energy savings from third party service providers, which typically are entities rated investment grade by an independent rating agency.
 
(2) Transactions where the projects or the ultimate obligors are commercial entities that have been rated investment grade (either by an independent rating agency or based on our internal credit analysis). Of this total, $9 million of the transactions have been rated investment grade by an independent rating agency.
 
(3) Transactions where the projects of the ultimate obligors are commercial entities that either have ratings below investment grade (either by an independent rating agency or using our internal credit analysis) or where the nature of the subordination in the asset causes it to be considered non-investment grade. This category of assets includes $273 million of mezzanine loans made in 2018 on a non-recourse basis to special purpose subsidiaries of residential solar companies where the nature of the subordination causes it to be considered non-investment grade. These loans are secured by residential solar assets and we rely on certain limited indemnities, warranties, and other obligations of the residential solar companies or their other subsidiaries. This amount also includes $18 million of transactions made in 2018 where the projects or the ultimate obligors are commercial entities that have ratings below investment grade using our internal credit analysis, and $8 million of loans on non-accrual status.
 

(4)

Includes the real estate and the lease intangible assets (including those held through equity method investments) from which we receive scheduled lease payments, typically under long-term triple net lease agreements.
 

(5)

Excludes approximately 170 transactions each with outstanding balances that are less than $1 million and that in the aggregate total $64 million.
 

Dividend

The Company announced today that its Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.335 per share of common stock, an increase of approximately 2% from the previous dividend level. This dividend increase will raise the annualized dividend payout to $1.34 per share of common stock, equivalent to an annualized yield of 5.7% based upon the Company's common stock closing price of $23.54 per share on February 20, 2019. The dividend will be paid on April 11, 2019 to stockholders of record as of April 3, 2019.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

Hannon Armstrong will host an investor conference call today, February 21, 2019, at 5:00 pm eastern time. The conference call can be accessed live over the phone by dialing 1-800-239-9838, or for international callers, 1-323-794-2551. A replay will be available two hours after the call and can be accessed by dialing 1-844-512-2921, or for international callers, 1-412-317-6671. The passcode for the live call and the replay is 7295792. The replay will be available until February 28, 2019.

A webcast of the conference call will also be available through the Investor Relations section of our website, at www.hannonarmstrong.com. A copy of this press release is also available on our website.

About Hannon Armstrong

Hannon Armstrong (NYSE: HASI) focuses on solutions that reduce carbon emissions and increase resilience to climate change by providing capital and specialized expertise to the leading companies in the energy efficiency, renewable energy and other sustainable infrastructure markets. Our goal is to generate attractive returns for our shareholders by investing in a diversified portfolio of assets and projects that generate long-term, recurring and predictable cash flows or cost savings from proven commercial technologies. Hannon Armstrong is proud to be the first U.S. public company exclusively focused on financing solutions to climate change. We are based in Annapolis, Md. For more information, please visit www.hannonarmstrong.com. Follow Hannon Armstrong on LinkedIn and Twitter @HannonArmstrong.

Forward-Looking Statements:

Some of the information contained in this press release is forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended that are subject to risks and uncertainties. For these statements, we claim the protections of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in such Sections. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans and objectives. When we use the words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "plan," "continue," "intend," "should," "may" or similar expressions, we intend to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Investors are cautioned against placing undue reliance on such statements. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements include those discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 as amended by our Amendment No. 1 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (collectively, our “2017 Form 10-K”) that was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), as well as in other periodic reports that we file with the SEC. Statements regarding the following subjects, among others, may be forward-looking:

  • our expected returns and performance of our investments;
  • the state of government legislation, regulation and policies that support or enhance the economic feasibility of sustainable infrastructure projects, including energy efficiency and renewable energy projects and the general market demands for such projects;
  • market trends in our industry, energy markets, commodity prices, interest rates, the debt and lending markets or the general economy;
  • our business and investment strategy;
  • availability of opportunities to invest in projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions or mitigate the impact of climate change including energy efficiency and renewable energy projects and our ability to complete potential new opportunities in our pipeline;
  • our relationships with originators, investors, market intermediaries and professional advisers;
  • competition from other providers of capital;
  • our or any other companies’ projected operating results;
  • actions and initiatives of the federal, state and local governments and changes to federal, state and local government policies, regulations, tax laws and rates and the execution and impact of these actions, initiatives and policies;
  • the state of the U.S. economy generally or in specific geographic regions, states or municipalities, economic trends and economic recoveries;
  • our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on favorable terms, including securitizations;
  • general volatility of the securities markets in which we participate;
  • changes in the value of our assets, our portfolio of assets and our investment and underwriting process;
  • the impact of weather conditions, natural disasters, accidents or equipment failures or other events that disrupt the operation of our investments or negatively impact on the value our assets;
  • rates of default or decreased recovery rates on our assets;
  • interest rate and maturity mismatches between our assets and any borrowings used to fund such assets;
  • changes in interest rates, including the flattening of the yield curve, and the market value of our assets and target assets;
  • changes in commodity prices, including continued low natural gas prices;
  • effects of hedging instruments on our assets or liabilities;
  • the degree to which our hedging strategies may or may not protect us from risks, such as interest rate volatility;
  • impact of and changes in accounting guidance and similar matters;
  • our ability to maintain our qualification as a real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes (a “REIT”);
  • our ability to maintain our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended;
  • availability of and our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
  • estimates relating to our ability to generate sufficient cash in the future to operate our business and to make distributions to our stockholders; and
  • our understanding of our competition.

Forward-looking statements are based on beliefs, assumptions and expectations as of the date of this press release. Any forward- looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible for us to predict those events or how they may affect us. Except as required by law, we are not obligated to, and do not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this earnings release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

The Company is confirming its previously issued three-year guidance from 2018 to 2020 with respect to annual core earnings per share growth, on a compounded annual basis over the three years (2018, 2019, 2020),in the 2% to 6% range. The confirmed guidance reflects the Company’s estimates of (i) yield on its existing Portfolio; (ii) yield on incremental Portfolio investments, inclusive of the Company’s existing pipeline; (iii) the volume and profitability of securitization transactions; (iv) amount, timing, and costs of debt and equity capital to fund new investments; (v) changes in costs and expenses reflective of the Company’s forecasted operations, and (vi) the general interest rate and market environment. All guidance is based on current expectations of future economic conditions, the regulatory environment, the dynamics of the markets in which it operates and the judgment of the Company’s management team.

The Company has not provided GAAP guidance as forecasting a comparable GAAP financial measure, such as net income, would require that the Company apply the HLBV method to these investments. In order to forecast under the HLBV method, the Company would be required to make various assumptions related to expected changes in the net asset value of the various entities and how such changes would be allocated under HLBV. GAAP HLBV earnings over a period of time are very sensitive to these assumptions especially in regard to when a partnership transactions flips and thus the liquidation scenarios change materially. The Company believes that these assumptions would require unreasonable efforts to complete and if completed, the wide variation in projected GAAP earnings based upon a range of scenarios would not be meaningful to investors. Accordingly, the Company has not included a GAAP reconciliation table related to any Core Earnings guidance.

Estimated carbon savings are calculated using the estimated kilowatt hours, gallons of fuel oil, million British thermal units of natural gas and gallons of water saved as appropriate, for each project. The energy savings are converted into an estimate of metric tons of CO2 equivalent emissions based upon the project’s location and the corresponding emissions factor data from the U.S. Government and International Energy Agency. Portfolios of projects are represented on an aggregate basis.

The risks included here are not exhaustive. Our most recent annual report on Form 10K may include additional factors that could adversely affect our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors, nor can it assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of actual results.

 

HANNON ARMSTRONG SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE CAPITAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

 
 
   

For the Three Months

Ended December 31,

   

For the Year

Ended December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Revenue
Interest income, receivables $ 27,529 $ 13,605 $ 67,711 $ 56,734
Interest income, investments 1,814 1,461 6,636 5,079
Rental income 6,441 5,572 24,606 19,831
Gain on sale of receivables and investments 1,595 5,752 32,928 20,956
Fee income   1,813     705     5,927     2,973  
Total revenue 39,192 27,095 137,808 105,573
Expenses
Interest expense 19,450 18,744 76,874 65,472
Compensation and benefits 7,685 3,976 25,651 19,708
General and administrative   4,116     3,068     13,503     10,762  
Total expenses   31,251     25,788     116,028     95,942  
Income before equity method investments 7,941 1,307 21,780 9,631
Income (loss) from equity method investments   2,192     2,866     22,162     22,289  
Income (loss) before income taxes 10,133 4,173 43,942 31,920
Income tax (expense) benefit   (1,034 )   (766 )   (2,144 )   (885 )
Net income (loss) $ 9,099   $ 3,407   $ 41,798   $ 31,035  
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest holders   44     24     221     179  
Net income (loss) attributable to controlling stockholders $ 9,055   $ 3,383   $ 41,577   $ 30,856  
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.16   $ 0.06   $ 0.75   $ 0.57  
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.16   $ 0.06   $ 0.75   $ 0.57  
Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic 54,599,877 51,659,751 52,780,449 50,361,672
Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted 54,599,877 51,659,751 52,780,449 50,361,672
 
 

HANNON ARMSTRONG SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE CAPITAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

 
 
   

December 31,

2018

   

December 31,

2017

Assets
Equity method investments $ 471,044 $ 522,615
Government receivables 497,464 519,485
Commercial receivables 447,196 473,452
Receivables held-for-sale 19,081
Real estate 365,370 340,824
Investments 169,793 151,209
Cash and cash equivalents 21,418 57,274
Other assets   182,628     166,232  
Total Assets $ 2,154,913   $ 2,250,172  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Liabilities:
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other $ 36,509 $ 25,645
Deferred funding obligations 72,100 153,308
Credit facility 258,592 69,922
Non-recourse debt (secured by assets of $1,105 million and $1,545 million, respectively) 834,738 1,210,861
Convertible notes   148,451     147,655  
Total Liabilities   1,350,390     1,607,391  
Stockholders’ Equity:
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 60,510,086 and 51,665,449 shares issued and outstanding, respectively 605 517
Additional paid in capital 965,384 770,983
Accumulated deficit (163,205 ) (131,251 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (1,684 ) (1,065 )
Non-controlling interest   3,423     3,597  
Total Stockholders’ Equity   804,523     642,781  
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $ 2,154,913   $ 2,250,172  
 

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Core Earnings

We calculate core earnings as GAAP net income (loss) excluding non-cash equity compensation expense, non-cash provision for credit losses, amortization of intangibles, any one-time acquisition related costs or non-cash tax charges and the earnings attributable to our non-controlling interest of our Operating Partnership. We also make an adjustment to our equity method investments in the renewable energy projects as described below. In the future, core earnings may also exclude one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP and certain other non-cash charges as approved by a majority of our independent directors.

Certain of our equity method investments in renewable energy projects are structured using typical partnership “flip” structures where we, along with any other institutional investors, if any, receive a pre-negotiated preferred return consisting of priority distributions from the project cash flows, in many cases, along with tax attributes. Once this preferred return is achieved, the partnership “flips” and the renewable energy company, which operates the project, receives more of the cash flows through its equity interests while we, and any other institutional investors, retain an ongoing residual interest. We typically negotiate the purchase prices of our equity investments, which have a finite expected life, based on our assessment of the expected cash flows we will receive from these projects discounted back to the net present value, based on a target investment rate, with the expected cash flows to be received in the future reflecting both a return on the capital (at the investment rate) and a return of the capital we have committed to the project. We use a similar approach in the underwriting of our receivables.

Under GAAP, we account for these equity method investments utilizing the HLBV method. Under this method, we recognize income or loss based on the change in the amount each partner would receive, typically based on the negotiated profit and loss allocation, if the assets were liquidated at book value, after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such quarter. The HLBV allocations of income or loss are also impacted by the receipt of tax attributes, as tax equity investors are allocated losses in proportion to the tax benefits received, while the sponsors of the project are allocated gains of a similar amount. In addition, the agreed upon allocations of the project’s cash flows may differ materially from the profit and loss allocation used for the HLBV calculations.

The cash distributions for our equity method investments are segregated into a return on and return of capital on our cash flow statement based on the cumulative income (loss) that has been allocated using the HLBV method. However, as a result of the application of the HLBV method, including the impact of tax allocations, the high levels of depreciation and other non-cash expenses that are common to renewable energy projects and the differences between the agreed upon profit and loss and the cash flow allocations, the distributions and thus the economic returns (i.e. return on capital) achieved from the investment are often significantly different from the income or loss that is allocated to us under the HLBV method. Thus, in calculating core earnings, we further adjust GAAP net income (loss) to take into account our calculation of the return on capital (based upon the investment rate) from our renewable energy equity method investments, as adjusted to reflect the performance of the project and the cash distributed. We believe this core equity method investment earnings adjustment to our GAAP net income (loss) in calculating our core earnings measure is an important supplement to the HLBV income allocations determined under GAAP for an investor to understand the economic performance of these investments.

For the year ended December 31, 2018, we recognized $22 million in income under GAAP for our equity investments in renewable energy projects. We reversed the GAAP income and recorded $41 million for core earnings as discussed above to reflect our return on capital from these investments for the year ended December 31, 2018. This compares to the collected cash distributions from these equity method investments of approximately $115 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, with the difference between core earnings and cash collected representing a return of capital.

For the year ended December 31, 2017, we recognized $22 million in income under GAAP for our equity investments in renewable energy projects. We reversed the GAAP income and recorded $43 million for core earnings as discussed above to reflect our return on capital from these investments for the year ended December 31, 2017. This compares to the collected cash distributions from these equity method investments of approximately $90 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, with the difference between core earnings and cash collected representing a return of capital.

We believe that core earnings provides an additional measure of our core operating performance by eliminating the impact of certain non-cash expenses and facilitating a comparison of our financial results to those of other comparable companies with fewer or no non-cash charges and comparison of our own operating results from period to period. Our management uses core earnings in this way. We believe that our investors also use core earnings, or a comparable supplemental performance measure, to evaluate and compare our performance to that of our peers, and as such, we believe that the disclosure of core earnings is useful to our investors.

However, core earnings does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) (determined in accordance with GAAP), or an indication of our cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP), or a measure of our liquidity, or an indication of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. In addition, our methodology for calculating core earnings may differ from the methodologies employed by other REITs to calculate the same or similar supplemental performance measures, and accordingly, our reported core earnings may not be comparable to similar metrics reported by other REITs.

Reconciliation of our GAAP Net Income to Core Earnings

We have calculated our core earnings and provided a reconciliation of our GAAP net income to core earnings for the quarters and years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 in the tables below:

               

For the three months

ended December 31, 2018

For the three months

ended December 31, 2017

($ in thousands, except per share data)
Per Share Per Share
Net income attributable to controlling stockholders

$

9,055 $ 0.16 $ 3,383 $ 0.06
Core earnings adjustments:
Reverse GAAP income from equity method investments (2,192 ) (2,866 )
Add back core equity method investments earnings (1) 10,113 11,414
Non-cash equity-based compensation charges (2) 2,184 2,953
Other core adjustments (3)   1,907         1,526      
Core earnings (4)

$

21,067 $ 0.37

$

16,410 $ 0.31
 
(1)   Reflects adjustment for equity method investments described above.
 
(2) Reflects adjustment for non-cash equity-based compensation.
 
(3) See detail below.
 
(4) Core earnings per share for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are based on 56,600,469 shares and 53,606,671 shares outstanding, respectively, which represents the weighted average number of fully-diluted shares outstanding including our restricted stock awards and restricted stock units and the non-controlling interest in our Operating Partnership. We include any potential common stock issuance in this calculation related to our convertible notes using the treasury stock method.
 
               

For the year ended

December 31, 2018

For the year ended

December 31, 2017

($ in thousands, except per share data)
Per Share Per Share
Net income attributable to controlling stockholders $ 41,577 $ 0.75 $ 30,856 $ 0.57
Core earnings adjustments:
Reverse GAAP income from equity method investments (22,162 ) (22,289 )
Add back core equity method investments earnings (1) 40,923 42,707
Non-cash equity-based compensation charges (2) 10,066 11,304
Other core adjustments (3)   5,396         3,557      
Core earnings (4)

$

75,800 $ 1.38

$

66,135 $ 1.27
 
(1)   Reflects adjustment for equity method investments described above.
 
(2) Reflects adjustment for non-cash equity-based compensation.
 
(3) See detail below.
 
(4) Core earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, are based on 54,742,869 shares and 52,231,030 shares outstanding, respectively, which represents the weighted average number of fully-diluted shares outstanding including our restricted stock awards and restricted stock units and the non-controlling interest in our Operating Partnership. We include any potential common stock issuance in this calculation related to our convertible notes using the treasury stock method.
 

The table below provides a reconciliation of the Other core adjustments:

               

For the Three Months

Ended December 31,

For the Year

Ended December 31,

2018 2017 2018 2017
($ in thousands) ($ in thousands)
Other core adjustments
Amortization of intangibles (1) $ 827 $ 746 $ 3,207 $ 2,622
Non-cash provision for income taxes 1,036 757 1,968 756
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest   44   23   221   179
Other core adjustments $ 1,907 $ 1,526 $ 5,396 $ 3,557
 
(1)   Adds back non-cash amortization of lease and pre-IPO intangibles.
 

The table below provides a reconciliation of the GAAP SG&A expenses to Core SG&A expenses:

               

For the Three Months

Ended December 31,

For the Year

ended December 31,

2018 2017 2018 2017
($ in thousands) ($ in thousands)
GAAP SG&A expenses
Compensation and benefits $ 7,685 $ 3,976 $ 25,651 $ 19,708
General and administrative   4,116     3,068     13,503     10,762  
Total SG&A expenses (GAAP) $ 11,801   $ 7,044   $ 39,154   $ 30,470  
Core SG&A expenses adjustments:
Non-cash equity-based compensation charge (1) $ (2,184 ) $ (2,953 ) $ (10,066 ) $ (11,304 )
Amortization of intangibles (2)   (51 )   (51 )   (204 )   (202 )
Core SG&A expenses adjustments   (2,235 )   (3,004 )   (10,270 )   (11,506 )
Core SG&A expenses $ 9,566   $ 4,040   $ 28,884   $ 18,964  
 
(1)   Reflects add back of non-cash amortization of equity-based compensation. Outstanding grants related to equity-based compensation are included in core earnings per share calculation.
 
(2) Adds back non-cash amortization of pre-IPO intangibles.
 
Read more: Hannon Armstrong Announces 32% Annual GAAP EPS...

UNIONDALE, N.Y., Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- PSEG Long Island urges customers to be alert for increasingly sophisticated scams that continue to target utility customers across the nation. In recent weeks, customers have reported phone scammers pretending to be PSEG Long Island employees, in some cases with caller ID reading "PSEG Long Island." The scammers demand payment for past-due bills or priority AMI install and threaten to have electric service shut off if payment isn't remitted immediately. In 2018 more than 4,088 scams were reported to PSEG Long Island, a 75 percent increase over 2017. In total, the utility has received reports of more than 10,000 scams over the past 5 years, with a 6 percent victim rate. 

"To better protect customers, it is critically important we continue to raise awareness and educate the public about scams," said Rick Walden, vice president, customer operations, PSEG Long Island. "If you receive a call from anyone demanding immediate payment, do not give them any personal or account information. Hang up the phone and call PSEG Long Island at 1-800-490-0025."

With this scam, a call is generated with a phony PSEG Long Island caller ID and someone pretending to be a PSEG Long Island employee says that, without immediate payment via a pre-paid card (e.g. Green Dot Money Pak, Vanilla Reload Card) or bitcoin, their service will be shut off. If the victim takes the bait, the scammer gives them a telephone number to call after they have purchased the card or bitcoin. When customers call that number, they hear interactive voice response prompts that imitate those they would hear when calling the authentic PSEG Long Island customer service line. When the fake representative answers, they ask for the number on the back of the pre-paid card. After the scammers have that number, they take the money from the card – usually within minutes. If a bitcoin payment is demanded, the scammers will ask customers to deposit at a certain location. 

PSEG Long Island would never require customers to use one specific payment type. The utility offers a variety of payment options, but it does not accept pre-paid debit cards or bitcoin. PSEG Long Island customers scheduled for disconnection due to nonpayment receive written notice on their bill at least 10 days in advance.

If you get a call
Know what PSEG Long Island will and won't discuss. A genuine PSEG Long Island representative will ask to speak to the Customer of Record. If that person is available, the representative will explain why they are calling and share the account name, address and current balance. If you do not receive this correct information from the person on the phone, you are likely not speaking with a PSEG Long Island representative.

If the Customer of Record is not available, the PSEG Long Island representative will not discuss the account at all and ask that a message be left for the Customer of Record to call PSEG Long Island at 1-800-490-0025.

Email scams
Phone scammers aren't the only ones trying to trick customers out of their money. PSEG Long Island also cautions customers to beware of emails that appear to be bills from the utility. These emails request personal information, leading to identity theft.

PSEG Long Island does not ask customers to provide personal information online without first logging into My Account. Do not provide any personal information requested by email. Do not download any attachments, and do not click on any links in the email. Open a browser window and visit www.psegliny.com to log into My Account to get accurate account information.

Unannounced visits
Recently, PSEG Long Island has received reports of door-to-door solicitors from solar companies and energy service companies impersonating PSEG Long Island employees or approved vendors. Reports have also been received of subjects impersonating PSEG Long Island employees to gain entry to homes and steal items.

PSEG Long Island employees should be wearing a PSEG Long Island ID badge and PSEG Long Island-branded clothing. If you doubt the identity of a visitor claiming to be from the utility, do not give them access to your home. Call 1-800-490-0025 to determine if PSEG Long Island employees are in the area. If you are unable to verify that PSEG Long Island employees are present, call 911.

Any customer who has doubts about the legitimacy of a call or an email — especially one in which payment is requested — should call the utility directly at 1-800-490-0025 or visit a local PSEG Long Island Customer Service Center. Service Centers are open Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., with locations listed on customer bills and online at: https://www.psegliny.com/page.cfm/Account/Payment/CustomerServiceCenters.

For more information on various payment scams in the PSEG Long Island service area and around the country, visit www.psegliny.com/scam.

PSEG Long Island
PSEG Long Island operates the Long Island Power Authority's transmission and distribution system under a long-term contract.  PSEG Long Island is a subsidiary of Public Service Enterprise Group Inc. (PSEG) (NYSE: PEG), a publicly traded diversified energy company.

Visit PSEG Long Island at:
www.psegliny.com 
PSEG Long Island on Facebook 
PSEG Long Island on Twitter 
PSEG Long Island on YouTube 
PSEG Long Island on Flickr 

SOURCE PSEG Long Island

Related Links

http://www.psegliny.com

Read more: Utility Scams On The Rise

ATLANTA, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Quantified Ventures, the impact investment firm, and Neighborly, the mission-oriented broker-dealer, announced today the issuance of the first impact bond to be offered on the public markets. The $14M Environmental Impact Bond (EIB) gives the City of Atlanta Department of Watershed Management (DWM), access to funding for innovative green infrastructure projects that will address critical flooding and water quality issues, reduce stormwater runoff, and enhance the quality of life of Westside neighborhoods that are in the Proctor Creek watershed. These neighborhoods include: English Avenue, Mozley Park, Grove Park, Hunter Hills, and the Bankhead/Hollowell corridor. The Atlanta EIB issuance was supported by a grant from The Rockefeller Foundation with additional underwriting support provided by KeyBanc Capital Markets and Siebert Cisneros Shank.

"We are thrilled to partner with Quantified Ventures and Neighborly to help pioneer this innovative financing mechanism for Atlanta that will not only finance the construction of green infrastructure benefiting the community environmentally, but also stimulate economic development in a manner that benefits the existing community," said Kishia L. Powell, Commissioner for the City of Atlanta Department of Watershed Management. "This unique bond offering is the result of the City's continued commitment to innovate and pursue every available avenue to provide the best service at the best price to our customers and to the greater community we serve."

Impact bonds are a form of performance-based financing, where repayment is based on how successfully the projects achieve environmental, social and economic outcomes for local communities. The Atlanta EIB optimizes the efficiency of the City's expenditures for the six designated projects by tying the amount the City pays out on the bond directly to benefits related to the volume of stormwater the projects successfully manage. By sharing both the performance risk of the green infrastructure and the value of its benefits among the City and investors, the Atlanta EIB ensures alignment with Atlanta's broader objectives to revitalize communities and improve resilience.

The Atlanta EIB builds on the success of previous impact bond offerings in several important ways. As a publicly issued bond, it has all the hallmarks of a traditional public municipal bond offering, such as a designated CUSIP number providing wide distribution and access to the secondary market, and has been highly rated by Moody's (Aa3) and S&P (A+). It is also designed to be priced competitively with other municipal bond offerings.

The Atlanta EIB is the second impact bond to be structured by Quantified Ventures as an actual municipal bond, the first of which, with the DC Water and Sewer Authority, was sold in a private placement. In its role in the Atlanta offering, Quantified Ventures brought expertise in evaluating all aspects of EIBs, which require an ability to translate desired outcomes into financial value that can be priced into a security and develop a rigorous evaluation process.

"What's exciting is that for the first time, the Atlanta Environmental Impact Bond provides other municipalities with a blueprint for an efficient and accessible financing option for important green infrastructure projects that, thanks to the innovative publicly-traded structure, is more easily replicable," said Eric Letsinger, CEO, Quantified Ventures. "The transaction builds on the success of previous environmental impact bonds that helped prove the market and demonstrate how to price green infrastructure outcomes into a security. We are particularly grateful to the Rockefeller Foundation for their support, and we congratulate the City of Atlanta for its leadership and commitment to improving the lives of its citizens through green infrastructure investment."

Environmental impact bonds are an innovative way for the City to finance infrastructure, providing a source of financing for projects that, while having a high potential for environmental and social impact, lacked access to funding. The City expects the Atlanta EIB to increase its understanding of the long-term performance of green infrastructure projects and their benefits to communities, making it easier for the City to secure funding and plan for future projects.

"Let's commend Atlanta for pioneering the first publicly-traded impact bond and for laying the groundwork for the next wave of municipal finance focused on social impact," said Saadia Madsbjerg, Managing Director of Innovative Finance for the Rockefeller Foundation. "Innovative collaborations like this one, between public and private sectors, are critical to increasing investment for social and environmental good, and the partnership between Quantified Ventures, Neighborly and the City of Atlanta is one of the best examples of this evolution."

"We're proud to have brought to market the first publicly-offered environment impact bond on behalf of the City of Atlanta," said Neighborly Head of Finance, Lindsey Brannon. "Neighborly is committed to connecting communities with the capital they need and providing investors efficient access to the impactful projects they care most about most."

About City of Atlanta Department of Watershed Management
The Department of Watershed Management is dedicated to providing the highest quality drinking water and wastewater services to 1.2 million residential, businesses and wholesale customers at the lowest possible cost, while protecting urban waterways, conserving natural resources, and providing clean, safe water for downstream customers. For more information, please visit www.atlantawatershed.org.

About Quantified Ventures
Quantified Ventures simplifies access to impact capital through a Pay-for-Success (PFS) approach, with strategies in environment, education, economic development, and public health. As a leader in PFS transactions, Quantified Ventures helps de-risk investments in social and environmental innovation by developing, evaluating, designing, executing, and managing Social and Environmental Impact Bonds.

About Neighborly
Neighborly connects communities and capital to fund vital public projects like schools, libraries and parks, and next-generation resilient infrastructure like solar microgrids and community broadband networks. Neighborly makes it easier and less expensive for communities to reach investors; easier for investors to direct their dollars towards the world positive projects that matter to them; and more seamless for investment institutions to leverage the best technology to maximize impact portfolios for their clients. Investors include Emerson Collective, 8VC and Ashton Kutcher's Sound Ventures.

About The Rockefeller Foundation
The Rockefeller Foundation advances new frontiers of science, data, policy and innovation to solve global challenges related to health, food, power and economic mobility. As a science-driven philanthropy focused on building collaborative relationships with partners and grantees, the Foundation seeks to inspire and foster large-scale human impact that promotes the well-being of humanity throughout the world by identifying and accelerating breakthrough solutions, ideas and conversations. For more information, visit www.rockefellerfoundation.org

Media Contact:
Cindy Stoller
Confluence Partners
917-331-0418
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

SOURCE Quantified Ventures

Read more: Quantified Ventures Announces First...

COLUMBIA, S.C. and WASHINGTON, Feb. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, the solar industry commended the South Carolina House of Representatives for unanimously passing a landmark energy bill, The Energy Freedom Act, on a bipartisan vote, and urged the Senate to quickly follow suit.

The Energy Freedom Act would modernize the state's energy market, enabling all energy sources to compete on fair terms, and provide customers more choice over their energy. This will help South Carolina consumers lower what are currently some of the highest home energy bills in the U.S., expand solar deployment, and protect and grow the state's solar workforce by creating thousands of new jobs.

"The South Carolina House has shown tremendous leadership in passing this much-needed legislation to lower consumers' electric bills and create new local jobs," said Abigail Ross Hopper, president and CEO of the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA). "Now, it's up to the Senate to quickly follow suit before the state's burgeoning solar market gets stalled because of unnecessary red tape."

In South Carolina, rooftop solar caps are expected to be hit across the state in mid-March and utility-scale solar projects continue to have issues getting connected to the grid. This compromise legislation was developed with significant input from local solar companies, utilities, nonprofits and business stakeholders from all parts of the state.

"We are running out of time. The arbitrary cap on solar energy in South Carolina is rapidly approaching and could severely damage the state's free market energy economy," said Matt Moore, Chairman of the Palmetto Conservative Solar Coalition and former Chair of the South Carolina Republican Party. "This legislation passed the House with near unanimous support and we need the momentum to continue building in the Senate. Thousands of solar jobs and individual energy freedom are at stake."

"The South Carolina Solar Business Alliance (SCSBA) is pleased that this compromise legislation has cleared its first hurdles and is on its way to the Senate," said Steffanie Dohn, SCSBA's Director of Legislative Affairs. "This legislation is a product of weeks of give and take by utilities, the solar industry, legislators and multiple clean energy advocates. In the spirit of compromise, all stakeholders were able to put South Carolinians first by giving them the freedom to choose how they get their energy, lower costs and open up economic opportunities for businesses and residents throughout the state."

If approved, this legislation (House Bill 3659 and Senate Bill 332) would:

  • Require the Public Service Commission to initiate a new proceeding to review and approve rates and terms provided to large-scale solar facilities, streamlining the process and ensuring contract terms are reasonable for such projects;
  • Allow large energy consumers, such as industrial manufacturers, to negotiate directly with a renewable energy supplier to more easily realize savings from solar;
  • Eliminate the net metering caps and extend the existing residential solar rates for two years until the Public Service Commission determines a successor program;
  • Provide for more transparency and competition in long-term utility generation planning; and
  • Establish a neighborhood community solar program designed to expand solar access to low-income customers.

South Carolina currently has 2,983 solar jobs, according to a new report released last week by The Solar Foundation. It is the 18th biggest solar state in the nation with 616 megawatts of solar capacity installed. This bill is critical to continuing that growth so South Carolinians can have more well-paying job opportunities across the state.

More detail about the bill is available at https://www.seia.org/sites/default/files/SC-LCICompromise-Overview.pdf

SOURCE Solar Energy Industries Association

Related Links

http://www.seia.org

Read more: SEIA: S.C. House Passes Pro-Jobs, Pro-Consumer...

ROCKVILLE, Md.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Standard Solar, Inc., a leading solar energy company specializing in the development and financing of solar electric systems nationwide, today announced it has signed an agreement to acquire 27 megawatts (MW) of distributed generation (DG) solar projects in New York and Rhode Island from Freepoint Solar LLC. Standard Solar will engineer, build, finance, own and operate all five projects which are expected to commence construction over the next six to nine months.

The three DG projects in Rhode Island, totaling approximately 13 MW, are part of the states’ Renewable Energy Growth (REG) Program. Rhode Island’s REG Program supports the development of 560 MW of new renewable energy projects in the state between 2015 and 2020 and enables customers to sell their generation output under long-term tariffs at a fixed price.

Similarly, New York state is making solar energy more accessible to homes, businesses and communities through its NY-Sun Program. Both projects purchased in New York, totaling 14 MW, are community solar projects. Community solar offers local, clean energy that can often offset a greater portion of a home, or communities’, or business’ electric bill with predictable rates and terms without having to install solar on their building.

“These projects are part of the growing DG revolution in the United States, where solar projects interconnect into smaller voltage lines and feed directly into the local electrical system. Standard Solar is proud to be working with Freepoint Solar to build out this portfolio of DG solar projects resulting in local power for local use,” said Harry Benson, Director of Business Development for Standard Solar. “Freepoint Solar and its development partner SunEast Development LLC have done an excellent job developing these sites, and now it’s our job is to get these projects over the finish line—constructing, owning and operating them.”

The five ground-mount projects will generate revenue through taxes and local economic development for the states and local governments, and produce nearly 115 gigawatt-hours of electricity. That’s enough to power more than 3,600 homes and the equivalent of removing 26,694 metric tons of CO2 from the atmosphere annually.

About Standard Solar

Standard Solar, Inc. is a leading solar energy company specializing in the development and financing of solar electric systems nationwide. Dedicated to making Distributed Generation (DG) solar more accessible to businesses, institutions, governments and utilities, the company is forging the path for clean, renewable energy development through turnkey solutions. With more than 100 megawatts installed, financed and maintained, Standard Solar is one of the most trusted and respected solar companies in the US. Owned by Énergir, a leading energy provider with more than $5.8 billion US in assets, Standard Solar operates nationally and is headquartered in Rockville, Md. For more information, please visit www.standardsolar.com.

About Freepoint

Freepoint Solar LLC is one of the leading solar developers in the Eastern U.S., with over 550 MWs of projects in ISO-NE, NYISO, and PJM. Freepoint Solar is a wholly owned member of the Freepoint Commodities group of companies.

Founded in 2011, Freepoint Commodities LLC is based in Stamford, CT with over 425 employees worldwide. Freepoint is a merchant of physical commodities and a financer of upper and mid-stream commodity-producing assets. Freepoint also provides physical supply services and related structured solutions for counterparties.

About SunEast Development LLC

Founded in 2012, SunEast Development LLC is a privately-held clean energy development and management services company with offices in West Chester, PA and Old Saybrook, CT. SunEast develops solar projects in partnerships with recognized leaders in the energy industry, and has managed the development of over 850 MWs of solar projects in ten states, including utility-scale projects currently in operation in Connecticut and Massachusetts. Please visit www.suneastdevelopment.com for more information.

Read more: Standard Solar to Acquire 27 Megawatt Portfolio...

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