The year 2018 has been a significant one for the Ministry of Shipping. Bolstered by progressive policy interventions like amendment of Model Concession Agreement, revision of tariff guidelines and the various steps taken towards facilitating Ease of Doing Business, the major ports kept up their impressive performance of the past four years in terms of capacity addition and improvement of efficiency parameters.

The SagarmalaProgramme saw the completion of 89 projects, while 443 projects worth Rs. 4.32 lakh crore are under various stages of implementation and development.

The year was especiallyremarkable for developments in the inland water transport sector. The inauguration of the multi modal terminal on River Ganga at Varanasi by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi,  the first ever post - independence movement of container cargo from Kolkata to Varanasi on the river, and the commencement of integrated movement of cargo  from Kahalgaon in Bihar to Pandu in Assamover three waterways – Ganga, Brahmaputra and the Indo Bangladesh Protocol Route, have firmly established that the vision of inland water as a cheaper and more environment friendly mode of transport is fast becoming a reality.  

Cruise tourism was another area with important developments like the inauguration of a modernized international cruise terminal at Chennai Port and the launch of Mumbai-Goa cruise service, as was the skill development sector with the setting up of Centre of Excellence in Maritime & Shipbuilding (CEMS) at Vizag and Mumbai, National Technology Centre for Ports, Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC), at IIT Madras in Chennai and the decision to set up Multiskill Development Centers (MSDC) at all major ports under Sagarmala.

The paragraphs below give the sector-wise details of the major work done by the Ministry during the year.

  1. PORTS


1.1   Ports in India handle 90% by volume and 70% by value of India’s external trade.


1.2 Capacity and Traffic

In order to meet the ever increasing trade requirements of the country, the focus has been on the infrastructure development and capacity enhancement of the Ports. Over the years the cargo handling capacity of the major ports has been growing steadily as under:

















*Re-rated – Ports capacity re-rated based on Berthing Policy as per International norms.


1.3 Traffic handled at the major ports has also been increasing as shown in the Table below:

(In MT)















2018-19 (upto October, 2018)



Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust

1.4 Award of projects and investment

More than 50 Projects with an investment of over Rs. 10000 cr. and involving capacity addition of 90 MTPA are targeted for award during 2018-19. This is as against the 27 Projects were awarded during 2017-18, , involving an investment of Rs. 4146.73 crore and additional capacity of 21.93 MTPA created.

1.5 Improvement in efficiency parameters

While increasing the capacity of major ports, Ministry of Shipping has been striving to improve their operational efficiencies through policy interventions, procedural changes and mechanization. As a result key efficiency parameters i.e Average Turnaround Time and Average Output Per Ship Berthhave improved considerably as shown below.



Average Turnaround Time (in hours)

Average Output per ship berth

( inTonnes)







2018-19 (upto 31.10.2018)




1.6 Policy initiatives

The achievement of the Major Ports in terms of capacity augmentation, improved operational efficiency and higher operating surplus has been made possible due to certain pro-active policy initiatives taken by the Ministry of Shipping as explained below.

  1. The Model Concession Agreement has been amended with a view to obviate the problems being faced in execution of PPP Projects on account of certain provisions of the present MCA, in order to enhance confidence of investors and make the investments in the Port Sector attractive.
  2. The tariff guidelines were revised to provide flexibility to port operators to align the tariff closer to market tariff subject to achievement of certain performance standards.
  3. 100% FDI is being allowed in PPP Projects in the Port Sector.
  4. A new Major Ports Authorities Bill to replace existing Major Port Trusts Act 1963 to provide greater autonomy and modernization of institutional structure is under consideration and has been introduced in the Lok Sabha on 16.12.2016. This is awaiting consideration and passing by the Lok Sabha.
  • v. Revised guidelines have been issued to all the Major Ports for moving away from the practice of parking their surplus funds solely in the Public Sector Banks and investing their pension /provident/gratuity fund and surplus funds in accordance with guidelines of Ministry of Labour and Employment and Department of Public Enterprises, consistent with the provisions of Major Port Trusts Act, 1963.

1.7 Ease of Doing Business

As per the World Bank report 2019 on Ease of Doing Business, India has taken a huge leap of 23 ranks from 100 in 2017-18 to 77 in 2018-19 indicating it is continuing its steady shift towards global standards.Towards facilitating ‘Ease of Doing Business (EoDB)’, Ministry of Shipping had identified various parameters for reducing dwell time and transaction costs in the Major Ports. These include elimination of manual forms, accommodation for laboratories to Participating Government Agencies (PGAs), Direct Port Delivery, Installation of Container Scanners, E-delivery orders; RFID based Gate-automation System, etc. These initiatives have already been implemented at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JN Port) and are being taken up in other Major Ports.

Elimination of manual Forms has cut down long queues and waiting time for containers at the port gate and enabled faster evacuation of EXIM cargo and reduced congestion at port gates.The RFID solution has been implemented in all Major Ports to enhance security, remove bottlenecks for seamless movement of traffic across port gates, ensure tracking & tracing of man, material, vehicle, equipment, & other assets, and collection of revenue as per the notified rates.

 A centralized web-based Port Community System (PCS) has been operationalized across all Major Ports which enables seamless data flow between the various stakeholders viz. Customs, CFSs, Shipping Lines &ICDs,Lines/Agents, Surveyors, Stevedores, Banks, Container Freight Stations, Government regulatory agencies, Customs House agents, Importers, Exporters, CONCOR/Railways, etc. through common interface. The present system PCS 1.0 has been upgraded to PCS 1x .

Ministry of Shipping has issued an order dated 27.3.2018 making use of e-invoice, e-payment and e-delivery order mandatory for all stakeholders across all Major Ports, all terminals within the Major Ports, private ports, private terminals and CFSs/ICDs.

Logistics Data Bank Service under Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation Ltd. (DMICDC), for enabling track & trace movement of EXIM container has been implemented at JNPT and is being implemented at other Major Ports.

JN Port is the first port to start Direct Port Delivery (DPD) and Direct Port Entry (DPE). DPD has increased from 5.42 % in March 2016 to 41.92% in August, 2018. In JNPT the percentage of Direct Port Entry of Export containers increased from 60% to 76.98% in August, 2018. The exporters are currently benefitted by savings in cost of about Rs.2,000/- per TEU and in time of 1 to 2 days while resorting to DPE.

At JN Port the dwell time of import containers has reduced from 58.08 hrs. in 2016-17 to 50.82 hrs. in 2017-18. The dwell time of export containers has reduced from 88.35 hrs. in 2016-17 to 83.71 hrs. in 2017-18.

Work order for procurement of 8 mobile container scanner has been issued. Site preparation at ports is in progress. Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) in respect of containerscanners meant to be procured for Paradip, Vishakhapatnam , New Mangalore, Mormugao, Kandla ,Kamrajar and Kolkata Ports have been done. Procurement of Drive through (Roads) scanner (Nos. 4) is under process. Selection of site for Drive through (Rail) scanner is also under process.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust which is the pilot port for implementation of reforms under EoDB has undertaken a no. of initiatives for ensuring convenience to trade & reduction in cargo EXIM Dwell time. To ensure faster cargo evacuation, JNPT has set up a Customs Processing Zones, Centralized Parking Plaza, besides undertaking widening of Port Highways. It has also developed a Common Rail Yard. JNPT has procured electronic RTGCs for increasing yard productivity, besides making ground breaking initiatives for increasing Direct Port Delivery & Direct Port Entry to facilitate trade. All these reforms are regularly communicated to the stakeholders through website update, social media & regular stakeholder meetings.

1.8 Major Initiatives/Achievements during 2018

  1. JNPT

The Fourth Container Terminal (FCT) of Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (Phase-I) was inaugurated by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. This is India’s largest FDI Project in the port sector involving an investment of Rs. 7935 crore. With this the container handling facility at JNPT will increase from 5.15million TEUs to 7.55 million TEUs.

  1. Paradip Port Trust
  2. The 2nd Major Port after Deendayal Port (Kandla) to achieve the milestone of handling 100 MT of cargo during 2017-18.
  3. Created an all time record by successfully completing movement of 27 Vessels within 20 Hrs. i.e. from 0600 hrs on 13th October, 2018 to 0200 hrs on 14th October, 2018.
  4. On 29th October, 2018 introduced possibly first time in India, the Mediterranean Mooring Method to discharge edible oil from “MT Delfine” without using the berth.
  5. VOCPT

There was no night navigation at the shallow water berth at VOCPT due to constraint in the available depth. The construction of Coastal berth along with dredging near the jetty and approaches were carried out during the month of April 2018. Subsequently with the lighting arrangement in the berth, the night navigation of shallow Water Berth for docking/un-docking was allowed from June, 2018.

Pic : The fully mechanized ore handling plant of VPT upgraded by ESSAR Vizag Terminals Ltd on PPP mode.jpg

  1. Vishakhapatnam

Port projects worth Rs. 1062 crore were inaugurated and foundation stone for port connectivity projects worth Rs. 679 crorewere laid at Visakhapatnam on 13th July, 2018. These included upgradation of iron ore handling facility at Outer Harbour of Vizagport,   Construction of Grade Separator from H-7 area to Port Connectivity Road, by-passing convent junction, under Sagarmala and Development of 12.7 km road connectivity to VPT from Shreelanagar Junction to Anakapalli-Sabbavaram/Pendurti- Anandapuram road (NH 16).

  1. Kolkata

For the first time at Kolkata Port Trust, a Cape Size vessel M.V. Samjohn Solidarity carrying 1,64,928 MT of Dry Bulk (Coal) made a call at Sandheads Anchorage on 17.10.2018. The vessel discharged around 1 lakh MT of Coal on barges by two Floating Cranes; the entire cargo being discharged was brought to Floating Jetty at Haldia for discharge.

vi      Storage charges

  1. of the PPP Projects at Major Ports came under stress due to high Storage Charges. A committee under Chairman, Indian Ports Association (IPA) considered the issues.  Based on the recommendations made by the saidcommittee a methodology has been worked out for dealing with such abnormal storage charges and bring the stressed projects on track. Guidelines in this regard have been issued to the Major Ports on 11.07.2018.
  2. Utilization of Surplus funds
  3. per instructions issued by MoS in February, 2009, surplus funds were being invested by the Major ports in the Public Sector Banks (PSBs). The practice of the ports parking their surplus funds, solely in the fixed deposits with the PSBs, has been reviewed in the current economic scenario in the light of the guidelines on investment of Provident fund/pension fund/surplus funds issued by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and Department of Public Enterprises. In supercession of the earlier instructions, revised guidelines have been issued by this Ministry to all the Major Ports on 27.7. 2018 on investing of their pension /provident/gratuity fund and surplus funds.

viii      Relief and assistance to the flood affected areas in the Eranakulam district

  1. wake of the recent unprecedented rains and floods in the state of Kerala, the Cochin Port helped in bringing relief materials to the State during the initial days. The Port also took several measures for providing relief and assistance to the flood affected areas in the Eranakulam district. These included organizing  Relief Camps, medical aids assistance, food distribution, priority berthing of vessels bringing flood relief materials etc. Relief materials brought by Naval Ship INS Deepak, INS Mysore, INS Mumbai, INS Sharda and Coast Guard Vessels ICGS Vikram were also handled on priority at the port. Cochin Port Trust contributed Rs.62 lakhs to the Chief Minster Relief Fund comprising Rs. 31 lakhs as employee’s one day salary and equal amount from the COPT’s funds. Similarly, employees of Kolkata Port Trust also contributed one day’s salary (Rs.83 Lakhs) to Kerala Chief Minister Distress Relief Fund (KCMDRF) and also carried relief material in containers free of cost from Kolkata to Cochin Port.
  2. Award by Permanent Court of Arbitration

In an arbitration case involving one of the projects in Kolkata Port, Louis Dreyfus Armateurs (LDA) had invoked Bilateral Investment Protection Agreement and had taken the Union of India for arbitration at the Permanent Court of Arbitration. In its award dated 11.09.2018, the Permanent Court of Arbitration has ordered the LDA to pay India (a) USD 540,885.30 towards India’s share of the Tribunal and PCA costs of arbitration, and (b) USD 6,626,971.85 towards India’s costs and expenses of legal representation and assistance.

  1. Security Clearance of Bidders in PPP projects

Revised guidelines have been issued on 31st January, 2018 for enhancing the validity period of security clearance of bidders/ companies participating in Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects and dredging projects in Major Ports from three years to five years so as to harmonie it with the validity period followed by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

1.9 Chabahar Port Project

During the visit of the Iranian delegation to India in January 2018, a business meeting was organized in which number of prospective entrepreneurs interested in establishing units in the Chabahar Free Trade Zone participated. Issues relating to the investment opportunities in the development of Chabahar Port were also discussed during the meeting. The Interim operations contract for Chabahar Port was signed between the two sides on 17.02.2018 A bilateral meeting to discuss various issues relating to the Chabahar Port Project was held on 10.10.2018 in New Delhi between the Indian Delegation led by Secretary (Shipping) and Iranian Delegation led by Mr. Mohammad Rastad, Deputy Minister and Managing Director for Ports and Maritime organization (PMO) of Islamic Republic of Iran. The Iranian delegation accompanied by MD, Indian Ports Global Ltd. (IPGL) and representative from Ministry of Shipping, also visited Jawaharlal Nehru Port to understand port operations.


2.1 Sagarmala Projects

More than 605 projects having a total cost of Rs. 8.8 lakh crore(cr.) have been identified under Sagarmala. Of these, 89 projects worth Rs. 0.14 lakhcrore are completed and 443 projects worth Rs. 4.32 lakh crore are under various stages of implementation and development. SagarmalaProgrammeaims  to promote port-led development with a view to reducing logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade.

2.2 Port Capacity Target

Ministry of Shipping, along with the State Governments are striving to increase the overall port capacity to 3500+ million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) to cater to the projected traffic of 2500 MMTPA by 2025. Towards this end, 249 port modernization projects have been identified. Out of these, 107 port capacity expansion projects (cost: Rs. 67,962 cr) were identified from the port master plans of 12 major ports and are expected to add 794 MMTPA to the major port capacity over the next 20 years.

2.3 Rerating of capacity of Major Ports

As per the Berthing Policy for Major Ports ,2016 approved by the Ministry of Shipping, a standardized methodology was laid down to calculate norms for dry bulk berths. An exercise was undertaken to benchmark port capacity with global standards set by the berthing policy and re-rate the capacities of major ports. The Declared capacity of major ports was 1066 MTPA as on 31.3.2017. After the re-rating exercise, the effective rated capacity and desired occupancy of major ports as on 31.3.2017 were 1359 MTPA and 989 MTPA respectively.

2.4 Port modernization

Under Project Unnati, global benchmarks were adopted to improve the efficiency and productivity Key Performing Indicators (KPIs) for 12 major ports. Around 116 initiatives were identified across 12 major ports to unlock more than 100 MTPA capacity just through efficiency improvement. Out of which, 91 initiatives have been implemented to unlock around 80 MTPA capacity.

2.5 Development of new ports

In addition to projects for capacity expansion of major ports, 6 new port locations, namely – Vadhavan (Maharashtra), Enayam (Tamil Nadu), Tajpur (West Bengal), Paradip Outer Harbour (Odisha), Sirkazhi (Tamil Nadu), Belekeri (Karnataka) have been identified to increase overall cargo handling capacity

2.6 Port Connectivity Enhancement

Rail and road connectivity projects are being undertaken to enhance port connectivity to the hinterland,


Indian Port Rail Corporation Limited (IPRCL) has taken up 32 works ( cost : Rs. 18,253 cr) across 9 major ports of which 8 works (Rs. 175 cr) have been completed.In addition, 23 rail connectivity projects (Rs. 24,877 Cr) identified under Sagarmala are being taken up by Ministry of Railways out of which 7 projects (Rs. 2,491 cr) are completed.Further, 15 rail connectivity projects( Rs. 4,193 cr) have been taken up through Rail-ports and other operators out of which 3 projects (Rs 52 cr) are completed. A total of 52 projects (Rs. 44,605 cr) are in various stages of implementation by these agencies.

Indore- Manmad Rail Line

An MoU for implementation of the 362 km Indore- Manmad New Railway Line Project was signed on 28.08.2018 between Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Ministry of Railways, Govt of Maharashtra and Govt of Madhya Pradesh. The new project will reduce the distance from Mumbai/Pune to key central India locations by 171 kilometers, resulting in lower logistics costs. This is especially significant as the new railway line will pass through the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor nodes of Igatpuri, Nashik and Sinnar; Pune and Khed; and Dhule and Nardana.


112 road connectivity projects are being undertaken by various agencies. Out of the 112 road projects, 54 road projects (Rs. 22,158 Cr) are included under Bharatmalaprogramme. 102 projects will be executed by MoRTH and NHAI and the remaining 10 road projects by State PWD, Port Authorities and Sagarmala Development Company (SDC) in coordination with MoRTH / NHAI. A total of 5 projects (Rs 268 cr) have been completed and 97 projects (Rs 1,80,347 cr) are under implementation.

2.7 Port Led Industrialization

14 Coastal Economic Zones (CEZ) covering all the Maritime States and Union Territories have been identified. CEZ perspective plans have been prepared and Detailed Master Plans will be prepared for 4 pilot CEZs - Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh - in the first phase of development. Policy framework for development of CEZ is under finalization based on recommendation of Inter-Ministerial Committee(IMC) for CEZ development under the aegis of CEO, NITI Aayog.

In addition, 38 potential port-linked industrial clusters across Energy, Materials, Discrete Manufacturing and Maritime sectors have been identified. Out of these industrial parks, one mega food processing park at Satara, Maharashtra (Rs. 139 cr) has been completed and 3 Power Clusters (Rs. 76547 cr) in Krishnapatnam (AP), Ennore (TN) and Tuticorin (TN), 8 Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (Rs. 1704 cr) in AP, Gujarat, Odisha, Kerala, West Bengal and 3 Food Processing Parks (Rs. 1,348 cr) in Andhra Pradesh and Kerala are under implementation. Also under development are: SEZ at JNPT (Rs. 12,624 Cr), Smart Industrial Port City (SIPC) at Paradip (Rs. 3,350 Cr) and Kandla (Rs. 11,147 Cr) and Coastal Employment Units (CEUs) at VoCPT and KPL.

2.8 Coastal Shipping

Cabotage relaxation

To promote trade , ease of doing business and Coastal Shipping in India as per the stated objectives of the SagarmalaProgramme, relaxation under Section 406 and 407 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1958 with respect to cabotage was notified with respect to fertilizers, agricultural products, fisheries, horticultural and animal produce commodities, and containers . Based on feedback of industry on this relaxation, a clarification was further issued in September 2018 that the minimum movement of fertilizer to the extent of 50% of the total cargo onboard a ship is applicable only for cargo loaded at any Indian port for coastal movement .

Perspective plan on Coastal Shipping

A study with an objective to prepare a robust perspective plan with actionable recommendations to promote coastal and short sea shipping, integrating seamlessly with IWT and leveraging multimodal linkages with rail and road is underway in association with the Asian Development Bank (ADB). As a part of this study two stakeholder workshops were organized in June 2018 and October 2018, wherein an analysis of commodities that can be transported through coastal shipping and a corresponding analysis of potential origin destination pairs was presented to ports, shipping lines and industries that can use coastal shipping.

Coastal Berth Scheme

41 projects (Rs. 1,535cr) have been sanctioned under the Coastal Berth Scheme for financial assistance of Rs. 633cr out of which Rs. 334 cr has been released to Major Ports/State Maritime Boards/State Governments.The Coastal Berth Scheme for creation of infrastructure to promote movement of cargo/passengers by sea/National waterways has been extended upto March 2020 and its scope has been expanded to cover the cost of preparation of DPR and capital dredging at Major Ports.

2.9 Skill development

Ministry of Shipping has undertaken skill gap analysis for the coastal community in 21 coastal districts and assisted domain ministries and state governments in implementation of action plan for them. As a result, 1917 people have been trained and 1123 placed in jobs.

To support the development of the fishermen community, Ministry of Shipping is part-funding select fishing harbor projects in convergence with Departmentof Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) to improve livelihood of fishermen community. For this purpose, Rs. 323 Cr has been sanctioned for 13 projects (cost: Rs. 1189 Cr). These projects are expected to benefit over 1.5 Lakh fishermen and would have capacity to handle more than 2.3 Lakh tonnes of fish.

2.10 Centre of Excellence in Maritime & Shipbuilding (CEMS)

A Centre of Excellence in Maritime & Shipbuilding (CEMS) has been setup at Vizag and Mumbai in coordination with IRS &Siemens at a cost of Rs. 766 cr. The objective of the center is to meet the domestic skill requirement in ship design, manufacturing, operating and maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO).The long term purpose is to become an international nodal centre in South Asia, attracting students from neighboring countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia for skill development in the port and maritime sector.In 2018, the implementation of CEMS was initiated in both Vizag and Mumbai campuses. Workshops for orientation of stakeholders were held at both centres. The CEO, COO and other team members have been hired. Labs have been  setup at both campuses. Training has also started in both campuses.

2.11 National Technology Centre for Ports, Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC)

Ministry of Shipping has set up the National Technology Centre for Ports, Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC), at IIT Madras in Chennai to provide innovative and research based engineering solutions to various issues related to ports, waterways and coasts in the country. NTCPWC will act as a technology arm of Ministry of Shipping for providing the needful technological support to Ports, Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) and all other related institutions.The project cost of Rs 70.53 Cr is being shared by MoS, IWAI and the Major Ports. NTCPWC will provide indigenous software and technology, make technical guidelines and standards and address port and maritime issues with models and simulations.The areas of applied research of NTCPWC are 2D & 3D Modelling of Ocean, Coastal & Estuarine Flows, Sediment transport and morphodynamics, Navigation and Manoeuvring, Dredging & Siltation, Port and Coastal Engineering-Structures and Breakwaters, Autonomous Platforms & Vehicles, Experimental & CFD modelling of flow & Hull interaction, Hydrodynamics of multiple hulls and Ocean renewable energy.

NTCPWC started functioning in April 2018 from a new building within IITM. The staff has been hired and the 10 projects are currently being undertaken. The tender for equipments- Semateb and FRL have been issued and the tender for new campus construction is currently under approval process of IITM Board. The Ministry is also examining the matter of issuing of awarding work by MoS institutions nomination basis and a decision on it is expected soon. The first oversight committee meeting was held in July 2018. The next oversight committee meeting is being planned along with an outreach event at NTCPWC, IITM

2.12 Multiskill Development Centres for Maritime Logistics

In order to achieve the vision of 100% skilled manpower at ports and fulfill skill requirements of the employers in the Port and Maritime sector, the development of Multiskill Development Centers (MSDC) at all major ports is being taken up under Sagarmala. In this regard, JNPT MSDC has already been setup and a private operating partner –All Cargo has been selected and the MoU has been signed. The process is underway at Chennai¸Vishakapatnam and Cochin Ports.

2.13 Transhipment

  1. Ministry of Shipping has issued a notification and general order for relaxation under section 406 and 407 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 for Coastal movement of EXIM Transshipment Containers and Empty Containers. This relaxation allows both Indian entities to charter foreign flagships and allow foreign flagged ships by shipping lines to ply on the coastal routes without the hassle of getting a license with conditionalities. The relaxation for EXIM transshipment containers and empty containers will (i) promote shifting of transshipment of cargo from foreign ports to Indian ports leading to increased profitability of Indian containers handling ports and employment generation, (ii) increase in competition amongst shipping lines leading to reduced freight rates making Indian trade more competitive, (iii) increased logistics efficiency due to enhanced competition will improve competitiveness of Indian EXIM trade, (iv) promote coastal transportation of containers, (v) upon establishment of ecosystem in India, Indian ports can potentially attract cargo originating/destined from/for foreign ports for consolidation at Indian ports and (vi) retention of foreign exchange in India.


3.1 Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP)

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the implementation of the Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) on 03.01.2018 at an estimated cost of Rs. 5369 crore with technical and financial assistance of the World Bank. The objective of JMVP is to improve navigability of National Waterway-I (NW-1) for plying of vessels of up to 2000 Dead Weight Tonnage (DWT). The major activities under the project are construction of multi-modal terminals, jetties, river information system, channel marking, navigational lock, river training and conservancy works. It is scheduled to be completed by March, 2023.The Loan Agreement and Project Agreement relating to IBRD loan of USD 375 million were signed on 02.02.2018. and these have become effective from 23.3. 2018. The status of implementation of different components of JMVP is given below:-

(a) Fairway Development

The work has commenced for providing least assured depth on the stretch between Farakka and Kahalgaon (146 kms) .Similarly, forthe Sultanganj-Mahendrapur stretch (74 Kms) and Mahendrapur–Barh stretch (71 Kms) evaluation of tenders is in progress.

(b) Multi-modal Terminal, Varanasi

The multimodal terminal built at a cost of Rs 206 crore with a current capacity of 1.26 MTPA was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 12.11.2018. It is the first multimodal terminal on river Ganga which is expected to generate 500 direct employment and 2000 indirect employment opportunities.

(c) Multi-modal Terminal, Sahibganj

The construction of the terminal was awarded at a cost of Rs. 280.90 crore and is scheduled to be completed in June, 2019. 54.81% work has been completed so far.

(d) Multi-modal Terminal, Haldia

Work for construction of the Terminal at a cost of Rs. 517.36 crore was awarded on 30.06.2017 and is scheduled to be completed in December, 2019. 22.43% work has been completed so far.

(e) New Navigational Lock, Farakka

The work was awarded on 24.11.2016 at a cost of Rs. 359.19 crore and is scheduled to be completed in April, 2019. 27.97% work has been completed so far.

3.2 Freight Village and Logistic Hub at Varanasi

To improve logistics efficiency, cargo aggregation, warehousing facilities and multimodal transportation, a Freight Village and Logistic Hub is proposed at Varanasi to be set up in continuation of the multi-modal terminal as part of the JMVP. The proposal for undertaking the pre-investment activities relating to setting up of the Project at an estimated cost of Rs.165 crore was appraised by the Delegated Investment Board (DIB) and approved by the Competent Authority.

3.3 Development of NW-4

As part of Phase-I of the development of of NW-4 from Muktiyala to Vijaywada, mainly for facilitating movement of construction material for Amravati, the upcoming capital city of Andhra Pradesh, Ro-Ro movement commenced in March 2018 and total quantity of Cargo moved till October, 2018 is 2.35 lakhs MT.

3.4 Development of eight (08) new NWs

Mandovi (NW-68), Zuari (NW-111),Cumbarjua (NW-27), Barak (NW-16), Gandak (NW-37), Rupnarayan (NW-86), Alappuzha-Kottayam-Athirampuzha Canal (NW-9) and Sunderbans (NW-97), were considered for development during 2017-18 and the progress thus far is given below:-

  • A TripartiteMoU has been signed on 03.05.2018 between IWAI, Marmugao Port Trust (MPT) and Captain of Ports, Govt. of Goa for the development of three NWs (27, 68 & 111) of Goa. Tendering by MPT for floating jetties and aids to navigation is in advanced stage.
  • The bandalling and channel marking in Gandakriver(NW-37) has been taken up and work is continuing in 2018-19 .
  • Maintenance dredging for fairway development work in Silchar-Bhanga stretch of river Barak (NW-16) has commenced.
  • In Sunderbans waterways (NW-97), work order has been issued for dredging work in May, 2018 and tender for floating pontoon terminal has been invited.
  • In Rupnarayanriver (NW-86), work has been awarded for setting up of one floating terminal. Tender for dredging work is in progress.
  • In Alappuzha – Kottayam – Athirampuzha Canal (NW-9),supply order for night navigation facilities has been issued and supply of buoys completed in September, 2018. Dredging is proposed departmentally.

3.5 New Ro-Ro Services

  • Ro-Ro services between Ibrahimpatnam and Lingayapalem on NW-4 have commenced  thereby reducing road distance of approximately 70 km.
  • IWAI, in collaboration with Assam Governmen,t has launched a new RO-RO facility connecting Neamati-Majuli island in Assam on 12 Oct 2018 . The facility is being provided by IWAI vessel, Bhupen Hazarika having a capacity to carry 8 trucks and 100 passengers. The Ro-Ro facility traverses a distance of only 12.7 km on the river route which has cut down the circuitous road route of 423 km that trucks take from Neamati-Majuli Island via Tezpur Road Bridge.

3.6 Procurement of Ro-Ro Vessels

IWAI has signed an agreement with M/s. Cochin Shipyard Limited for construction and supply of 10 Ro-Ro/Ro-Pax vessels at a cost of Rs 110 cr. on 11.07.2018. The vessels will be delivered between June, 2019 to December, 2019 for deployment in NW-1, 2 and 3.


Pic :GhoghaDahej Ferry Service

3.7 Movement of Cargo on NWs

IWAI has been making special efforts for promoting movement of cargo on National Waterways. In the first half of 2018-19, cargo traffic has increased to 33.8 MMT which is 102 % more as compared to 16.7 MMT in the same period in 2017-18.The prominent initiatives are given below:-

  • Completion of the trial run of the longest haul of IWT cargo over a distance of 2085 kms from Kahalgoan (Bihar) on NW-1 to Dhubri (Assam) on NW-2 via the Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route in October 2018 . The cargo comprising of 1235 MT of fly ash was transported in IWAI flotilla tug “Trisul” with dumb barges “Ajay” & “Dikhu”.
  • Transportation of 925 MT of imported coal from Haldia dock complex on NW-1 to Dhubri on NW-2 using Indo – Bangladesh protocol route covering a distance of 1205 km.
  • The first movement of container cargo on NWs for transportation of 16 containers of PepsiCo products from Kolkata to Varanasi (1280km) completed over a period of 12 days in November 2018. Return journey from Varanasi to Kolkata   carried fertilizer of IFFCO Phulpur, Dabur products and PepsiCo products.

Pic : IWAI Vessel Carrying Pepsico cargo across Farakka lock on River Ganga

3.8 Connecting cargo owners and shippers

The IWAI launched a dedicated portal to connect cargo owners and shippers with real time data on availability of vessels. The landmark e-connect measure will enable direct interaction among the vessel operators, shippers and cargo owners as currently, there is no platform for furnishing information on the availability of vessels in the market. It has been designed and developed by the in-house IT Department and the Traffic Wing of IWAI as part of its preparedness for optimal use of its ongoing capacity development on various National Waterways. Named as the Forum of Cargo-Owners and Logistics-Operators (FOCAL), the link of the portal is available on the homepage of IWAI website


3.9 Modern new ship designs for Ganga

13 standardized state of art ship designs suitable for large barge haulage in low draft on river Ganga (NW-1) were made public by the IWAI on 31.08.2018. The designs will help overcome the unique navigation challenges river Ganga throws up due to its complex river morphology, hydraulics, acute bends, shifting channels, meanders and current. These will also serve as an enabler for domestic shipbuilding industry working on inland vessels and open up huge possibilities for cargo and passenger movement on NW-1. Available free on the IWAI website, the new designs will obviate the dependence of Indian Shipbuilders on foreign ship design for IWT and translate into a savings of Rs. 30-50 lakh in the building of a vessel.




4.1 Directorate General of Shipping


No. of ships and seafarers

  1. The number of ships under Indian Flag on 31.12.17 was 1374 while as on 31.10.18 the number of ships is 1399 [12.79 Million Tonnes]. There is an increase of 25 numbers of ships in last 10 months
  2. The number of seafarers in India has seen an unprecedented growth of 42.3% due to various policy level changes brought in by the Government in the last four years. The number of seafarers in December’ 17 was 1,54,349 while the number of seafarers now has increases to 1,79,599.


Maritime Labour Convention, 2006


  1. The applicability of provisions of Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 has been extended to merchant vessels of below 500 Gross Tonnage, thereby ensuring the benefit of welfare measures available under the Convention to seafarers working on smaller ships as well.

Ease of doing business


  1. A Module has been developed and implemented for Recruitment and Placement Agencies [RPS] for filing fresh applications, annual inspections and renew inspection online. This will facilitate easy approval of RPS agencies and their monitoring.
  2. New CDC Rules, 2017, which ease the process of issuance of CDC based on five STCW courses has been put into force w.e.f 14.01.18, for an ease of seafarers. The issuance of CDC is completely online. There is now no need to undergo long time pre-sea courses for getting CDC by the seafarers.


Admiralty Act and Rules


  1. The Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Act, 2017, has been enforced w.e.f. 01.04.18. As per new Act High Courts of all the coastal states shall exercise admiralty jurisdiction over maritime claims which include several aspects not limited to goods imported and chattel as earlier, but also other claims such as claims in relation to payment of wages of seamen, loss of life, salvages, mortgage, loss or damage, services and repairs, insurance, ownership and lien, threat of damage to environment etc. The Act accords highest priority to payment of wages of the seafarers. The Act also provides for protection against wrongful and unjustified arrest and has provision for transfer of cases from one High Court to other High Court.
  2. The Admiralty (Assessors) Rules drafted under the Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of maritime Claims) Act, 2017 has been notified. This will facilitate the appointment of Assessors for use of the Admiralty Courts as and when required during the admiralty proceedings.


India re-elcted to IMO Council

  1. India has been re-elected to the Council of the International Maritime Organization [IMO] under Category “B” representing the States with the largest interest in international seaborne trade, for the biennium 2018-19, at the 30th session of the Assembly of the IMO, held at London on 1st December, 2017, by securing second highest votes in the said category.


4.2Cruise shipping


i. A modernized International Cruise Terminal at Chennai Port was inauguratedon12.10.2018.

ii. Mumbai Goa cruise service was launched at a function organized on 20.10.2018



The Government of India has an ongoing Rs. 4000 crores ShipbuildingFinancial Assistance Policy for 10 years (2016-2026) to encourage domesticshipbuilding. Under this policy, financial assistance is granted to IndianShipyards equal to 20% of lower of ‘Contract Price” or the “Fair Price” or actualreceipt of each vessel built by them. The rate of financial assistance will be reducedby 3% after every three years.

An updated version of the web portal launched by this Ministry for processing applications is being operated by DG (S).

DG (S) has received applications for inprincipleapproval / financial release for 30 vessels. Ministry of Shipping has so farreleased Rs. 11.89 cr. for 4 vessels to 3 Indian Shipyards.


4.4 Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL)


  1. CSL has launched two 500 paxvessels for Andaman & Nicobar Administration for interisland transportation on30.10.2018.
  2. CSL to construct and supply two Ro-Ro and eight Ro-Pax vessels to IWAI for which an Agreement was signed on 11.07.2018. The vessels are expected to be delivered betweenJune, 2019 to December, 2019 for deployment in NW-1, NW-2 and NW-3.
  3. Foundation stone was laid on 30.10.2018for setting up India’s largest Dry Dock at Cochin Shipyard costing Rs. 1799cr. The new large sized stepped dock at CSL premises has a length of 310 m, width of 75/60 m and draft of upto 9.5M.
  4. AnMOU was signed by CSL on January 18, 2018 with Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) for export of Defence vessels incorporating Defence systems developed by DRDO and produced by Indian OEMs.
  5. CSL has signed a contract on 29.1.2018 for construction of 16 nos. Tuna Long Lining & Gillnetting Fishing Vessels under the diversification of trawl fishing boats from Palkbay into deep sea fishing boats under Central sector on Blue Revolution Scheme with financial assistance fromGovernment of India and the Government of Tamil Nadu.


Pic :Relief Material reaching Cochin Port


4.4 Ship repair facilities

  • MOU signed by CSL and Mumbai Port Trust on 11.1.2018 for operations and management of shiprepair facility and allied services at Indira Dock.
  • MOU signed with Kolkata Port Trust on 17.3.2018 for operations and management of ship repair facility and allied servicesatNetajiSubhash Dock.


4.5 Shipping Corporation of India

In recognition of SCI’s commitment to the principles of genderdiversity & equality at the workplace reflected by the representation of womenacross hierarchical grades including SCI Board, SCI was awarded ‘Winner’ under the category ‘Contribution of Womenin PSEs’.


4.6 Andaman Lakshadweep and Harbour Work

The Andaman Lakshadweep Harbour Works (ALHW) is entrusted with the responsibility of formulating and implementing the programme of the Government for providing Ports and Harbour structures including allied facilities in the Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands. The following works were undertaken/initiated in 2018 at A&N and Lakshadweep Islands:-

  • Restoration of damaged Breakwater at Hut Bay - Placing of CC block of size 1m x1m x1m and 8T Tetra pods from 800m to 1200 m chain age at Sea side of Breakwater at Hut Bay in Little Andaman at an estimated cost of Rs. 14.66 crore and it will be completed by August, 2019.
  • Restoration of damaged breakwater at Kalpeni Island in Lakshadweep at an estimated cost of Rs. 34.56 crore and the project would be completed by June, 2020.
  • Construction of Sea wall /Shore protection work at Mus in Car Nicobar in Andaman & Nicobar Islands at an estimated cost of Rs. 49.19 crore. The project would be completed by Dec, 2020.

4.7 Indian Maritime University

  • Training programs for African officials have been completed under the International Technical & Economic Cooperation (ITEC) program of Ministry of External Affairs in the domain of Port Management, Marine Engineering and Ocean Engineering.
  • IMU conducted one day workshop in its Kolkata Campus on 26.11.2018, organized by CIMAC (Conseil International des Machines a Combustion) –theInternational Council of Internal Combustion Engines, based atFrankfurt, Germany.
  • IMU is in final stages of complete automation of the examination process with the proposed introduction of onscreen valuation of answer scripts.

4.8 Directorate General of Lighthouse and Lightships

  • DGLL organized Aids to Navigation (AToN) Manager Course Level-1 from 23/07/2018 to 17/08/2018 at NTI Kolkata. Participants from India and other countries viz. Sudan, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Somalia, Singapore, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Fiji attended the course.
  • DGPS (Differential GPS) is a system to provide positional corrections to GPS signals. DGPS uses a fixed, known position to adjust real time GPS signals to eliminate pseudorange errors. Under Recapitalisation (Replacement of Equipment) of Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) Phase I, equipment at 13 DGPS sites have been upgraded to Differential Global Navigation Satellite system (DGNSS). The upgraded system has capability to respond to Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) / Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) signals.





           As a follow up of an MoU signed by India and Bangladesh for development of fairway in the Ashuganj-Zakiganj and Sirajganj-Daikhawa stretches of Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route by sharing the cost on 80: 20 (India : Bangldesh) basis Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority (BIWTA) has issued the work orders for both the stretches and work is expected to commence shortly.


The Shipping Secretary Level talks and the 19th Meeting of Standing Committee on Protocol on Inland Waterways Transit and Trade were held between India and Bangladesh at New Delhi on 24th and 25th October, 2018. At these meetings, the two sides agreed to extend the Protocol route and include new ports of call. Specifically , it was decided to include a stretch of Rupnarayan River (National Waterway-86) in the protocol route and to declare Kolaghat in West Bengal and Chilmari in Bangaldesh as new ports of call; declare Badarpur on river Barak (NW- 16) as the extended port of call of Karimganj in Assam and Ghorasal of Ashuganj in Bangladesh on reciprocal basis. Currently 3.5 MMT of cargo is transported on protocol routes through inland waterways which is expected to increase substantially after the formal declaration of additional ports of calls and extension of protocol routes.


India and Bangladesh agreed that a Joint Technical Committee will explore the technical feasibility of operationalisation of Dhulian-Rajshani protocol route uptoAricha and the reconstruction and opening up of Jangipur navigational lock on river Bhagirathi subject to the provisions of the Treaty between India and Bangladesh on Sharing of Ganga Waters at Farakka, 1996. This move has the potential to reduce the distance to Assam by more than 450 kms on the protocol routes.


To bring about significant reduction in logistics cost and faster delivery of Bangladesh export cargo, Indian side raised the point regarding permitting ‘Third country’ EXIM Trade under Coastal Shipping Agreement and PIWTT by allowing transhipment through ports on the East Cost of India. Bangladesh agreed to hold stakeholder consultations and revert on the matter.

The following Agreement/Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) were signed by the two countries on 25.10.18:-

  • To facilitate connectivity to North Eastern States through Kolkata and Haldia ports, movement of EXIM cargo and reduce logistic costs, an Agreement on the use of Chattogram and Mongla Port for movement of goods to and from India between the people’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India.
  • To open up connectivity for passengers and tourists from the two countries through Indo-Bangladesh Protocol route, a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) of MoU on Passenger and Cruise Services on the Coastal and Protocol route between India and Bangladesh.
  • To add Pangaon from Bangladesh and Dhubri in Assam as new Ports of Call, an Addendum to the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT).



As a follow up of the decision taken in April, 2018 by the Prime Ministers of India and Nepal to introduce inland waterways connectivity between the two countries, Technical Scoping Missions have visited each other’s facilities and discussions have been held at Kathmandu and Kolkata in May and September 2018, respectively. The development and training requirements of Nepal IWT sector, reduction of logistic cost, transshipment options through Sahibganj (Jharkhand) &Kalughat (Patna) to Nepal from Kolkata have been discussed.


Memorandum of Understanding

  • An MoU was signed with Republic of Korea on Mutual Recognition of Certificate of Competency of sea farers. It will open up employment opportunities on Korean Ships for more than 1.5 Lakh Indian Seafarers.
  • An MoU Signed with Malta on Maritime Cooperation in the field of research and innovation related to IMO.






Read more: Year End Review 2018 – Ministry of Shipping

Year End Review 2018 – Ministry of Power

9 States achieve 100 % household electrification under Saubhagya; total 16 states have 100 % household electrification now More than 2 crore electricity connections released under Saubhagya and 100 per cent village electrification achieved under DDUGJY Energy deficit reduced to almost zero and India emerges as net exporter of electricity to Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar 31.68 crore LED bulbs distributed under UJALA scheme and 74.79 lakh LED street lights have been installed India’s rank improved to 24 in 2018 from 137 in 2014 on World Bank’s Ease of doing business - "Getting Electricity" Ranking

Access to reliable and affordable energy supply is an important factor affecting the quality of life and economic development in any country. Therefore, the Government is committed to ensure 24*7 power supply for all by 31st March, 2019. Towards this goal, many important milestones have been achieved and the year 2018 has been historic for electricity reached every village on 28th April, 2018 under Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY). Now focus is on electrifying every household under Saubhagya. With 9 states already reaching 100 % household electrification, this target will also be achieved well before its deadline.

Several steps have been taken to reform and strengthen the power sector as a whole including power generation, transmission and distribution. These also include not only achievements in capacity addition but also important reforms being undertaken on increasing energy efficiency and increasing accountability and transparency by launching Mobile applications like PRAAPTI, Ash Track etc.

The details of Year-long achievements for Ministry of Power are as below:


  • Launched for universal electrification in September, 2017
  • Camps organised at village level. Minimum documentation required
  • Special drive for economically weaker sections under Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
  • Over 2.1 crore households electrified since 11th Oct, 2017
  • 9 States have achieved 100% saturation in household electrification under Saubhagya namely Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, Bihar, J&K, Uttarakhand, Mizoram, Sikkim, Telangana and West Bengal.
  • Thus total 16 States in the country now have 100 % household electrification.
  • Many more State like Maharashtra, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh etc. are left with small number of un-electrified households and expected to achieve saturation any time.
  • Nation expected to achieve 100 % household electrification by 31st December, 2018

Achievement under Saubhagya during January to November 2018

  • Number of households electrified – more than 2 Crore
  1. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGKY)
  • 100 per cent village electrification achieved
  • Outlay of Rs. 75,893 crore
  • 2,58,870 km HT and LT lines
  • 4.10.146 distribution transformers


  1. Generation capacity
  • Around 1,07,000 MW Generation Capacity has been added till October 2018 since April 2014.
  • All India Generation Installed Capacity has increased by 39.2% from 2,48,554 MW as on 31.3.2014 to 3,46,048 MW as on 31.10.2018.
  • India emerges as net exporter of electricity. 7203 MU supplied to Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar in FY 2017-18 and 4628 MU in current year 2018-19 (Upto October 2018).
  • Energy deficit reduced from 4.2% in FY 2013-14 to 0.6% in Current FY 2018-19 (Upto October 2018). Peak Deficitalso reduced from 4.5% in FY 2013-14 to 0.8% in Current FY 2018-19 (Upto October 2018).
  • Peak Demand Met has increased by 35.2% to 1,75,528 MW during the current year (April-October 2018) from 1,29,815 MW during same period in 2013-14.
  • Energy Availability has also increased by 35.2% to 764.627 BU during the current year (April-October 2018) from 565.698 BU during same period in 2013-14.
  1. One Grid One Nation (Achievements till Oct, 2018)
  • Expansion of transmission grid by 1,11,433 ckm from 2014-15 to 2018-19 (11,799 ckm added in FY 2018-19)
  • Transformation capacity addition of 3,38,202 MVA from 2014-15 to 2018-19 (41,790 MVA added in FY 2018-19)
  • 26 projects worth Rs. 48,426 crore awarded through Tariff Based Competitive Bidding from 2014-15 to 2018-19.
  • Inter-regional transfer capacity addition more than tripled from 16,000 MW in FY 2010-14 to 54,700 MW during FY 2014-15 to 2018-19 (4,200 MW added in FY 2018-19).
  1. Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS)
  • Outlay of Rs. 65,424 crore
  • 1378 towns IT enabled
  • 1900 additional towns under progress
  • Installation of 43,449 Km HT and LT lines completed out of the total 1,30,348 Km of awarded quantity
  • Installation of 28,193 distribution transformers completed out of the total 58,145 no. of awarded quantity
  1. UDAY
  • More than Rs.34,000 Crores interest cost saved by DISCOMs under UDAY within two years.
  • Reduction in AT&C losses in 22 States within two years of operation. AT&C losses have come down to 18.76% in FY18 as compared to 20.77% in FY16.
    Revenue gaps bridged by 72 per cent within two years operation of UDAY. The national level ACS-ARR gaps are at 17 paise/unit  in FY18 as compared to 60 paise/unit in FY16.
  • India’s rank improved to 24 in 2018 from 137 in 2014 on World Bank’s Ease of doing business - "Getting Electricity" Ranking.
  1. Focus on North-East region-
  • Rs. 9865.75 crore projects in progress for strengthening / development of intra-state transmission & distribution systems in NER (including Sikkim).
  • Electrification of 6379 villages and intensive electrification of 9822 villages completed.
  • 130 towns IT enabled.
    • 68.76 lakh LED bulbs distributed under UJALA scheme
    • 99,895 LED streetlights installed under the SLNP scheme
  • Rs. 9866 crore projects undertaken for strengthening/development of intra-state transmission


  1. 4376 MW hydel capacity addition (FY 2014-18)


  1. Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservaton


  1. Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED for All (UJALA)
  • 31.68 crore LED bulbs distributed under UJALA scheme resulting in estimated cost saving of INR 16,457 crore per year, estimated energy savings of 41.14 billion kWh per year with avoided peak demand of 8,237 MW and GHG emission reduction of 33.32 million t CO2 per year.
  • 88 percent reduction in LED bulb procurement cost through demand aggregation
  1. Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP)
  • To replace 1.34 crore conventional streetlights with smart and energy efficient LED street lights by March, 2019.
  • 74.79 lakh LED street lights have been installed resulting in estimated energy savings of 5.02 billion kWh per year with avoided peak demand of 837 MW and GHG emission reduction of 3.46 million t CO2 per year

The current progress of implementation of the National LED programme since its launch on 5th January 2015 is as follows:




No. of LED bulbs distributed/Streetlights installed

31.68 crore

74.79 lakh

Estimated energy saved per year

41,142 million kWh

5,023 million kWh

Avoided peak demand/avoided capacity

8,237 MW

837 MW

GHG emission CO2 reductions per year

33.32 million t CO2

3.46 million t CO2

  1. Transport Sector

National E-Mobility Programme launched to provide an impetus to the entire e-mobility ecosystem including vehicle manufacturers, charging infrastructure companies, fleet operators, service providers, etc.

  • No licence required for charging stations
  • Procurement of 10,000 e-cars concluded for Government institutions
  • 902 e-cars have been deployed/under registration
  1. BEE Star Labelling
  • The Chiller Star Labelling Program has been launched by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) to encourage the deployment of Energy Efficient chiller systems. The program envisages providing star rating in terms of its energy performance. Initially, the program is launched on voluntary basis and will be valid upto 31' December 2020.
  • LED and inverter AC have been notified under mandatory regime. Star labelling program for Variable speed Air Conditioners and LED lamps were notified in mandatory domain during the year 2017. The implementation of the same has begun w.e.f 1st January, 2018.
  • Star labelling program saved energy worth INR 22,500 crore during the year 2017-18
  1. Industrial Energy Efficiency
  • Energy efficiency measures through PAT in large industries saved energy worth Rs. 9500 crore annually.
  • Notification of PAT cycle IV for 846 DCs from 13 sectors has been issued
  1. Building Energy Efficiency
  • Energy Conservation Guidelines launched for large scale industries to promote equipment efficiency by reducing energy consumption with the help of standardizing the energy performance values of various energy-consuming equipment and systems deployed for the manufacturing process.
  1. Digital initiatives-
  • Enabling payments through NPCI platforms such as BHIM, BBPS, Bharat QR etc. More than 24 crore digital transactions in FY 2017-18 for electricity bill payments.
  • To bring transparency and to disseminate information to public at large following Apps are launched by the Ministry of Power:
  • PRAAPTI: A Web portal and an App namely PRAAPTI (Payment Ratification And Analysis in Power procurement) for bringing Transparency in Invoicing of generators),, has been officially launched.
  • Ash Track- linking fly ash users and power plants for better ash utilisation. A Web based monitoring System and a Fly Ash mobile application named ASH TRACK. These platforms will enable better management of the ash produced by thermal power plants by providing an interface between fly ash producers (Thermal Power Plants) and potential ash users such as – road contractors, cement plants etc.
  1. Fighting pollution:
  • Ministry of Power has issued a policy to use 5-10% of biomass pellets along with coal for power generation in thermal power plants.
  • To promote use of the Biomass pellets, the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has written to all Central/State Utilities, State Governments, Power Equipment Manufacturers/Integrated Power Producers/Generating Companies that all fluidized bed and pulverized coal units of power generating utilities (coal based thermal power plants) except those having ball and tube mill, shall endeavour to use 5-10% blend of Biomass pellets made, primarily, of agro residue along with coal after assessing the technical feasibility, viz., the safety aspects etc.
  1. Reforms
  • In order to encourage Renewable Generation, Ministry of Power extended the waiver of ISTS Transmission charges and losses for Solar and Wind based Projects upto March 2022.  
  • In order to achieve the Renewable target of 1,75,000 MW of Renewable capacity by 2022, MOP issued Long Term Growth trajectory Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) for Solar as well as Non-Solar till the year 2022.  
  • With the aim of promoting renewable generation and reduction of emission, MOP issued a scheme on Flexibility in generation and scheduling of Thermal Power Stations to reduce emissions.
  •  MoP has issued a direction to the CERC under section 107 of the Electricity Act, 2003 on 30th May, 2018 for implementation of new Environmental Norms for Thermal Power Plants suggested by MOEF&CC.
  • In order to reduce the overall cost of generation as well as cost of power to consumer (Company level merit order operation), MOP issued a scheme on Flexibility in generation and scheduling of Thermal Power Stations to reduce cost of power to consumers.
  • In our endeavor for revival of the stressed assets, a Pilot Scheme was introduced by MOP in April 2018 to facilitate procurement of aggregated power of 2500 MW for 3 (three) years (covered under medium term) from the generating companies having coal based Power Plants which are already commissioned without having a power purchase agreement for the quantum of power the Bidder is willing to bid.
  • Major reform initiatives are being taken by Ministry of Power which includes addressing various issues being faced by electricity sector through draft amendments proposed in Electricity Act 2003 and Tariff Policy, 2016. Draft amendments to Electricity Act were circulated for stakeholder comments on 7.9.2018 and draft Amendments to Tariff Policy were circulated for Stakeholder comments on 30.5.2018.




Read more: Year End Review 2018 – Ministry of Power

The Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) today signed in New Delhi a Loan Agreement for $31 million to build-up the State Tourism Industry and boost visitor arrivals.

The signatories to the tranche 4 loan for Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) were Mr. Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary (Fund Bank and ADB), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, who signed for the Government of India, and Mr. Kenichi Yokoyama, Country Director for ADB in India, who signed for ADB.

After signing the agreement, Mr Khare said that the Project is expected to improve the tourism infrastructure in Tamil Nadu and also help the State in preserving the natural and cultural heritage. The activities under the project would also boost economic opportunities for the local people, he added.

Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Yokoyama said that the increased tourism traffic generated by this Project will generate extra jobs in Tamil Nadu, especially through skills training and community-based activities targeting the poor and women.

Approved in September 2010, the $250 million IDIPT aims to build opportunities for local communities and boost local economy by enhancing tourism in three other states – Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand- besides Tamil Nadu. This will be achieved through developing and preserving sites of natural and cultural heritage, and building connectivity, capacity, and infrastructure around State tourist sites.

The Government of India’s recent Three-Year Action Agenda (2017–2018 to 2019–2020) envisages the hospitality, travel, and tourism sector as a major driver of growth and employment. The Agenda recognizes India’s significant potential to increase: (a) the number of arrivals, (b) global presence by leveraging its cultural industries, and (c) capacity to create large-scale jobs among the poorest segments of the population. It identifies key areas for action, including infrastructure, marketing, and skill development, all of which are aligned with the MFF Road Map.

The Project will support the conservation and restoration of eight heritage monuments, one museum, three temples, and a pond. It will build various facilities at the sites, including information centers, rest centers, and toilet blocks, with facilities served by solar-powered lighting and energy efficient lighting. The total cost of the Project is $44.04 million, of which the Government will provide $13.04 million. The estimated completion date is June 2020.





Read more: The Government of India and ADB sign a $31...

The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that India has the potential to become global aviation hub for MRO (Maintenance Repair and Overhaul) in view of the growing aviation business, huge pool of engineering talent and low labour costs. He was addressing the gathering after inaugurating the first International Flight from Vijayawada to Singapore and laying foundation stone for the Integrated Passenger Terminal Building at Vijayawada Airport, in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh today.  

The Union Minister for Civil Aviation, Shri Suresh Prabhu, the Minister of State for Civil Aviation, Shri Jayant Sinha, the Minister for Finance, Andhra Pradesh, Shri Y. Ramakrishnudu, the Minister for Law, Andhra Pradesh, Shri Kollu Ravindra and other dignitaries were present on the occasion.

The Vice President said that the International Flight from Vijayawada to Singapore that would further enhance the connectivity as well as Andhra Pradesh’s business and tourism potential. He further said that the state of the art new terminal will spread in 35000 Sqm is being developed with Rs 611 crores budget to handle 1200 passengers per day with 24 Check-in counters and 8 gates. The terminal would also accommodate parking facility for 1250 four wheelers, he said. A total of 14 immigration counters, 3 customs counters, 5 baggage belts would be installed for the convenience of international and domestic passengers, he added. 

The Vice President said that the new Air connectivity between Andhra Pradesh and Singapore would increase India’s reach in South East Asia. Andhra Pradesh would become aviation gateway between the two prospering regions and it will boost tourism, he added.

The Vice President tasked the state government to actively promote tourism especially the Budhist Circuit along with other tourist attractions in the state.

Shri Naidu appreciated the efforts of the State and Central governments in facilitating the state of Andhra Pradesh with Air Connectivity under UDAAN Scheme. He said that the scheme would enable greater connectivity between Vijayawada, Hyderabad and Chennai.    

The Vice President said that the recent aviation initiatives such as development of Vizag Airport at the cost of 90 Crores, extension of runway at Rajahmundry Airport at the cost of 125 Crore and extension of runway at Tirupati Airport at the cost of 114 Crore would give philip to the growth prospects of the state. 

Shri Naidu also appreciated the authorities for adopting an eco friendly infrastructure in constructing the new integrated terminal at Vijayawada Airport. He said that the features such as Rain Water Harvesting, double insulated roofing, LED lighting would conserve energy and reduce wastage of water.   

Calling aviation sector as the backbone of the global transport system, Shri Naidu said that was indeed an important driver of the economy and the most vital sector for linking businesses, bringing people together and promoting tourism worldwide. Growth in aviation sector would yield positive results in promoting connectivity and creating jobs, he added.

Shri Naidu said that the government has taken a series of measures to improve infrastructure and regional air connectivity in the country and added that schemes such as UDAN would develop regional connectivity and promote economically viable flights on regional routes.

The Vice President called upon State Governments to partner with the Centre in a true ‘Team India’ spirit for building a new prosperous, inclusive New India by creating the right ecosystem for the growth of various sectors. The political differences between parties must end with elections and focus should be given to governance after assuming power, he added.

The Vice President said that increase in public investments in infrastructure projects of aviation and other areas were contributing in overall development of economy. Indian economy which is growing at a steady pace and the systemic governance reforms are helping to create a more inclusive society, he added.

Shri Naidu said that India has the potential to become a global hub for MRO (Maintenance Repair and Overhaul) in view of the growing aviation business, huge pool of engineering talent and low labour costs.

The Vice President said that the 14.1 per cent growth over the last five years in passenger traffic was a key indicator of its progress and said that reforms, systematic development of the sector would make a global hub for MRO. I do understand that in spite of the growth in passenger traffic, some of the airlines are facing problems and I do hope that things would improve soon for them, he added.

Following is the text of Vice President's address:

"I am extremely delighted to be here for the Bhoomi Puja to construct an Integrated Passenger Terminal Building at Vijayawada Airport and also inaugurate the first international flight from Vijayawada to Singapore.

Vijayawada located on the banks of river Krishna is indeed a blessed city with a great cultural history. As the commercial capital of Andhra Pradesh, Vijayawada is politically active, agriculturally-rich and also an industrial transportation hub.

Consequent to the Andhra Pradesh State Re-organization Act 2014, Amaravati, which is adjoining Vijayawada, is being developed as the new capital city of Andhra Pradesh. Inauguration of the new international flight from this great city to Singapore would further enhance its connectivity as also its business and tourism potential.

Infrastructure is vital for development and the Union Government is bestowing special attention on the aviation sector in this regard. Public investments in infrastructure projects of aviation and other areas also have increased substantially.

Dear Sisters and Brothers,

India is in the midst of an unprecedented economic and social transformation. The economy is growing at a steady pace and the systemic governance reforms are helping to create a more inclusive society. Most of the multilateral institutions have forecast that India will grow at more than 7 percent in 2018 and 2019, ahead of other major economies.

Friends, as you all are aware the aviation sector not only plays a key role in promoting connectivity and creating jobs but is also an important driver of the economy. As the backbone of the global transport system, it indeed is the most vital sector for linking businesses, bringing people together and promoting tourism worldwide.

I am happy to note that the proposed new Integrated Terminal Building is planned by incorporating Green Building features such as the use of Eco friendly sustainable building material i.e. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) blocks, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified woodwork with Green Construction Management, LED Lighting control through Building management system(BMS), Solar photo voltaic system, Energy efficient E&M equipment, sensor based Water Fixtures, Waste water management and Solid waste management with membrane bioreactor (MBR) based sewage treatment plant (STP )

Recognizing the growing importance of the aviation sector, the Government has taken a series of measures to improve infrastructure and regional air connectivity in the country. The UDAN scheme aims to develop regional connectivity and promote economically viable flights on regional routes.

The Indian civil aviation industry is growing at a rapid pace and considered to be the third largest domestic civil aviation market in the world. According to projections, it is poised to become the world’s largest domestic civil aviation market in the next 10 to 15 years. Investments to the tune of Rs.1 lakh crore are expected in the next five years.

The passenger traffic which witnessed 14.1 per cent growth over the last five years is likely to touch about 400 million by the year 2020.

Of course, I do understand that in spite of the growth in passenger traffic, some of the airlines are facing problems and I do hope that things would improve soon for them.

India also has the potential to become a global hub for MRO (Maintenance Repair and Overhaul) in view of the growing aviation business, huge pool of engineering talent and low labour costs.

We are also among a few countries in the world which took bold steps of privatizing the industry.

The global airlines body, International Air Transport Association (IATA) has projected the Asia-Pacific region to be the driver of the passenger growth with more than half the total number of new passengers coming from these markets over the next 20 years.

The present global trends in air transport suggest passenger numbers could double to 8.2 billion in 2037 and this doubling of air passengers could support 100 million jobs globally, according to IATA.

My compliments to Government of India for the sincere efforts to provide air connectivity and to make air travel accessible to citizens in the regionally important cities, through the 'Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik' (UDAN) under Regional Connectivity Scheme.

The National Civil Aviation Policy unveiled in 2016 has mentioned that if every Indian in the middle class income bracket takes just one fight a year, it would result in a sale of 35 crore tickets.

It should be noted that the growth of the aviation sector will have a multiplier effect on the Indian economy as it would positively impact hospitality and tourism sectors, among others.

I would like various State Governments to partner with the Centre in a true ‘Team India’ spirit for building a new prosperous, inclusive New India by creating the right ecosystem for the growth of various sectors. Political differences should end with elections

In the end, I would appeal to all airlines and other stakeholders in the aviation industry to accord highest priority to passengers’ safety, timely operations, efficient cargo handling and improving amenities to passengers.




Read more: India has potential to become global aviation...


(i)   Measuring performance and ranking States on outcomes in critical sectors

With emphasis on outcomes, NITI finalized indices to measure incremental annual outcomes in critical social sectors like health, education, water and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

The District Hospital Index was developed to measure and monitor the performance of hospitals with a focus on outputs and outcomes. A guidebook was released on World Health Day 2016. Presently, the implementation phase is underway in collaboration with MoHFW and the Indian Statistical Institute is assisting in data analytics.

NITI Aayog has developed the ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’ Report also known as the ‘Health Index’ in February 2018. The Composite Water Management Index was also launched in June 2018. The ‘School Education Quality Index (SEQI)’, ‘SDG India Index’ and the ‘Digital Transformation Index’ (DTI) which will measure states’ progress in respective sectors are in the works.

(ii) Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH)

SATH is aimed at initiating transformation in two key social sectors—education and health, by hand-holding States towards improving their social sector indicators and providing technical support over three years. It was launched with selection of states through an unique challenge method.  Roadmaps for State transformation have been finalised with quarterly milestones for each initiative.

A major school consolidation and integration programme has been initiated with over 26,000 schools merged for better efficiencies and utilisation of resources. Uttar Pradesh, Assam, and Karnataka were selected to improve their healthcare delivery and key health indicators. In education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand were selected.

(iii) Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat 

EBSB was conceptualized to make our country united, strong and promote excellence in all walks of life by means of long-term inter-state engagements through cultural exchanges and education. MoUs were entered with six paired States/UTs. Dept. of Higher Education, MHRD continued the initiative.

Towards further integration, 100 commonly used conversational sentences throughout India were identified, translated into 22 Indian languages, compiled in a form of book and widely disseminated.

(iv) Development Support Services to States (DSSS) for Development of Infrastructure

To establish a Centre-State partnership model and reignite and establish Private Public Partnership across infrastructure sectors, DSSS was launched to de-risk projects and address key structural issues in project development and build institutional and organizational capacities.

Over 450 projects from 20 States were received, out of which 10 projects from 8 States in 10 sectors were shortlisted using the challenge method, for structuring and implementation.

(v) Public-Private Partnership in Health

To help States achieve the health goals of the government in the area of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of select Non-Communicable processes, viz. Cardiac Sciences, Oncology and Pulmonary Sciences, a guiding framework was developed for States, for implementation at the district hospital level, focusing on tier II/ tier III cities and by engaging services of private/voluntary sector providers.

A model concessionaire agreement was also launched in October 2018 along with the guidelines for promoting PPP in Healthcare.

(vi) Resolution of pending issues of States with Central Ministries

All pending issues with the Central Ministries from all States and UTs have been expeditiously resolved. Issues received from the States of Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha and Puducherry have since been resolved.

(vii) State Human Development Report

The State of Maharashtra, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Karnataka, Nagaland, Bundelkhand region and Delhi were supported in the preparation of State Human Development Reports.

(viii) Transforming of 115 identified Aspirational Districts

To realise the vision of ‘SabkaSaath, SabkaVikas’, and ensure that India’s growth process remains inclusive, the ‘Aspirational District Programme (ADP)’ was launched by the Prime Minister on January 5, 2018. It is a special initiative to rapidly transform 115 identified districts that have shown relatively lesser progress in key social areas and have emerged as pockets of under-development, thereby posing a challenge to ensure balanced regional development.

Under ADP, 49 key performance indicators (KPIs) have been identified across such sectors with the aim to improving ease of living, as well as enhancing the economic productivity of citizens residing in these districts. Health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion and skill development and basic infrastructure are main sectors where rapid transformation is envisaged.

On April 1, 2018, NITI Aayog released the baseline ranking of these districts from which the districts can ascertain their status in these sectors, and work to becoming the best district in the State and eventually the best in the country. To realise this vision, district teams have finalised district action plans, following the principle of convergence of efforts of the State and Central government. In addition, the ADP offers a unique platform for different segments of population as well as institutions like civil service organisations, private sector foundations, philanthropies come together and work with the State and central government to contribute to this important initiative of inclusive development.

An Aspirational Districts Dashboard has been developed, called ‘Champions of Change’, which captures real-time data and ranking across all indicators. The District Collectors/ Magistrates are providing self-reported data through this dashboard to capture progress.



  • New Guidelines have been issued to Ministry of Panchayati Raj for transparent and equitable allocation of funds amongst the States who were deprived of the central fund under the areas covered under sixth schedule of the Constitution.
  • To leverage the pivotal role of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), the expert committee constituted under the chairmanship of former Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog recommended restructuring of the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA).  RGSA has since became a centrally sponsored scheme from 2018-19 to 2021-22 to address the challenges faced by the States.
  • After discontinuation of planning and merger of Plan and Non-Plan Expenditure, new guidelines for earmarking of funds for SCs and STs in the new budgeting system have been prepared and forwarded to the Ministry of Finance for necessary action. 
  • A report prepared on Revamping of Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs) to promote them as top class research institutes is being examined by NITI Aayog for further necessary actions.
  • Monitoring framework for SCSP and TSP has been developed and circulated to the nodal Ministries for online monitoring of SCSP andTSP.
  • Gaps in the National Policy for Persons with Disabilities, 2006 have been identified and forwarded to the department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities for revision of the Policy.
  • A concept paper:“Means of livelihood in LWE Areas: Prospects of Aroma, Honey, Dairying and other Traditional Industries” has been finalised and circulated to the concerned Central Ministries, States and other stakeholders for necessary actions.
  • The new NGO-Darpan Portal which went live in April 2017 was developed as a dynamic database of NGOs in the country, and for NGOs to obtain Unique ID to be eligible to apply for grants from any central Ministry/Department. 43,000 NGOs have already registered.




(i) Three Year National Action Agenda and the Strategy for New India @75

NITI Aayog prepared a Three Year Action Agenda covering the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The Action Agenda framework allows better alignment of the development strategy with the changed reality of India.

Strategy document for India’s 75th year of independence coveringthe period 2017-18 to 2022-23 is being prepared by NITI Aayog.  It presents goals for 2022-23 as well as a way forward on how to achieve them and shall be launched soon.


(ii)        Reform of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)

NITI Aayog in consultation with administrative ministries has made recommendations in four tranches for strategic disinvestment in PSUs. So far, based on NITI Aayog's recommendations, more than 30 CPSEs have been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs for in-principle strategic disinvestment. The process of divestment is being carried out by DIPAM and the first transactions are expected in the current financial year after a long gap of 14 years.

A report was submitted to the Government on 74 sick/loss-making/non-performing CPSEs. The recommendations are under implementation and so far more than 15 CPSEs are undergoing closure.


(iii) Balanced Regional Development

  • Release of Special Funds: To promote regional development NITI Aayog recommended release of balance funds to States namely Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal under the Special Plan (BRGF-State component) approved during the 12th Five Year Plan period, and release of one-time special assistance to the States namely Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura for the areas covered under sixth schedule of the Constitution.
  • Development support to the North East: A Committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of CEO, NITI Aayog to examine and suggest a road map for a new industrial policy for the North Eastern and the Himalayan States. The Committee finalized its recommendations after having consultations with the NE States and other stakeholders. Based upon those recommendations, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) prepared North East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS) 2017, with an outlay of INR 3,000 crore up to March 2020, which was approved by the Cabinet in March, 2018.
  • NITI Forum for North East: It is the first ever regional forum constituted by NITI Aayog with representation from all the NE States and the concerned Central Ministries/Departments. This forum was constituted to identify various constraints in the way of accelerated, inclusive but sustainable economic growth in the North East Region of our country, and also to recommend suitable interventions for addressing the identified constraints. The forum also has eminent experts and reputed institutions (IIT, IIM, NERIST, RIS, RFRI etc.) as members.
  • Holistic Development of Islands:NITI Aayog has been mandated to steer the process of holistic development of identified islands as unique models of sustainable development. Accordingly, in consultation with key stakeholders, NITI Aayog has shortlisted 10 islands in the first phase. Final Site Potential Development Reports have been prepared for all the Islands. Carrying capacity of these islands have been determined and environmental zoning have been carried out to ensure sustainable development.  A Global Investor’s Conference was held in August 2018 to showcase Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands as hubs for self-sustaining eco-tourism projects, provide fillip to local employment and grow maritime economy.
  • Island Development Agency (IDA):The IDA was set up in June 2017 under the Chairmanship of the Home Minister of India, with the CEO, NITI Aayog as the Convener. It undertakes reviews on the progress relating to holistic development of identified islands. So far, three meeting of the IDA have been held. The last meeting of the IDA was held on 24th April, 2018.
  • UNDP Projects – GIS Based Planning:NITI Aayog has, identified the possibility of using the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in the planning, management and monitoring of government service delivery, based on the innovative GIS model, “Village Profile and Talukka Planning Atlas” developed at BISAG Gujarat. BISAG is developing the customized software based on the actual requirement of             each State/UT separately. NITI Aayog organized the in-depth capacity development programme of State Officials at BISAG in November 2017 for customized State softwares prepared by BISAG.


(iv) Health & Nutrition Sector Reforms:NITI has been initiating radical reforms in the health sector.

  •  National Commission for Homoeopathy (NCH) Bill, 2017 and the National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine Bill, 2017 have been finalized after extensive deliberations.
  • Evolving the National Nutrition Strategy: NITI formulated the National Nutrition Strategy through an extensive consultative process. The strategy provides the rationale and roadmap for policy makers to bring nutrition to the centre of the stage in India’s Development Agenda. It focuses on inter-sectoral convergence and identifies priority districts to tackle malnutrition and meet the country’s nutrition needs and targets.
  • Launch of the POSHAN Abhiyaan: The POSHAN Abhiyaan has been launched with the aim of improving nutrition outcomes in India in the next three years. The National Council responsible for steering of the programme is anchored in NITI Aayog and is chaired by the Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog. September 2018 was designated as the POSHAN Maah, a massive awareness and outreach campaign launched across the country to make nutrition a true janandolan.
  • Pushing Reforms in Pharmaceuticals Sector: NITI provided policy inputs for making available affordable drugs and devices.
  • National Institute for Pharmaceutical Education and Research(NIPER) - Evaluation of NIPERs was conducted and a way forward for pharmaceutical education suggested.
  • An ordinance was promulgated in September 2018 to establish a Board of Governors under the Chairmanship of NITI Aayog Member Dr V K Paul, to replace the Medical Council of India (MCI).


(v) Driving India’s Energy Sector


  • India Energy Security Scenario (IESS), 2047 was revamped in 2015 and was used to determine INDC targets. NITI also supported Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Assam for the “Development of State Energy Calculator”. On 16th November, 2017, Andhra Pradesh State Energy Calculator 2050 was launched while the other two states are ready with their respective first draft. In the second phase, three more states- Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have been taken up.
  • In a stakeholder-driven, roadmap development exercise, NITI has prepared and launched a report on ‘India’s Renewable Electricity Roadmap 2030.’ The report summarizes the opportunities and barriers in the sector.
  • NITI Aayog had engaged Deloitte and PwC to prepare the state action plan (SAP) for re-integration in eight states. These SAPs have now been finalized.
  • Draft National Energy Policy (NEP) developed by NITI following large scale consultation with other departments and public feedback is being finalized.
  • NITI Aayog has developed the State Energy Index to measure the status and the efforts undertaken by the States towards ensuring accessibility and affordability, of energy, as well as gauging its sustainability and environment friendliness. The Index has been sent to concerned Central Ministries and to the States for their feedback and to start developing the same.
  • NITI Aayog is also developing a dynamic GIS Energy Map of India in collaboration with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The consolidated energy map would provide requisite energy related information to all stakeholders which would help in better decision making.



  • Task Force on Employment and Exports: In September 2017, NITI Aayog constituted a high level Task Force under the chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog on employment and exports. The Task Force comprises senior secretary-level officials of the government of India and external experts. The Task Force has made several sector-wise recommendations to give an impetus to jobs and exports to the Union Minister of Commerce.
  • Rural Drinking Water - Rs 1000 crore was released for developing water resources in 19 arsenic and fluoride affected States for providing safe drinking water. More than 3100 arsenic/fluoride affected habitations of 14 States have been covered so far with safe drinking water.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) –The mission was launched on 2 October 2014. Since then then about 3.64 lakh villages, 385 districts and 13 States and 4 Union Territories have also declared themselves Open Defecation Free (ODF). Coverage of rural households with toilets has increased from 39% to 84%. The coverage of rural households with individual household latrines has more than doubled in the last four years. Some of the surveys conducted recently found that now more than 90% of rural households who have access to toilets are using them. In the urban areas, 100 per cent door to door collection of solid waste has been achieved in 62,436 out of 84,049 wards and 2,618 cities have declared themselves ODF out which 2089 cities have been certified as ODF by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs through third party verification.
  • Short-term measures for reforms - Recommendations have been made for short-term measures for reforms in higher education sector, including proposals for graded autonomy; reforms in accreditation framework and many more targeted recommendations to push for quality and remove out-dated regulatory aspects of UGC and AICTE. Ministry is in advanced stages of implementing these recommendations.


  • Providing Efficiency in Port Ecosystem:NITI drove the Port Ecosystem Efficiency movement through a series of inter-sector meetings. During the review, notable achievements were reported in cutting down delays in customs processing, loading of railway rakes in Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust and documentation.
  • Working of 679 Autonomous Bodies under the Central Government reviewed and the draft report of Phase-I submitted to the Government while the Phase-II is under progress.
  • Recommendations to transform India’s gold market has been finalised and submitted to the Finance Minister.
  • Training and practice guide for the social sector - ‘Manual on Gender Inclusive Planning’ and ‘Manual for Social Audit’ has been published for use as training and practice guide for the Social Sector programme facilitators.
  • Strategy reports: Reports on strategies for ‘Self-reliance in critical and strategic resources of rare earths’ andfor effective utilisation and monitoring of ‘Fly Ash and Slag”.
  • Roadmap for revising the National Mineral Policy, 2018 to revitalise the growth of Mineral sector
  • A Challenge Method Guidelines for selection of sites for key Central Government assisted projects has been evolved.
  • Strategic Mobility Framework for tier 2 and tier 3 cities to improve public transport and non-motorised transport is being worked out by NITI Aayog.
  • A sub-group of 10 Chief Ministers on Skill Development was serviced by NITI Aayog which made recommendations for improving access, equity, relevance, quality and enhanced sources of finances. The Ministry of Skill Development is taking forward the key recommendations of the committee.
  • For management of water resources in the North Eastern Region, a high level Committee under Vice Chairman set up. Expert Committee also set up under CEO to examine policy for revitalisation of rivers.
  • The merger of 36 Tribunals to 18 Tribunals is being coordinated and implemented by NITI Aayog with all the concerned Ministries.      


(i) Output Outcome Monitoring Framework 2018-19:

Given the increased focus on outcome-based monitoring, DMEO initiated an exercise to develop well-defined output and outcomes, along with measurable indicators, for all CS and CSS outlays.

The activity started by identifying all the relevant outlays, the number coming to around 600 CS/CSS outlays, covering a budget of about Rs. 8.14 lakh crore for the financial year 2017-18. These outputs, outcomes, and indicators were developed using a standardized process, which was based on international best practices in performance monitoring.

The resultant Output Outcome Monitoring Framework 2018-19 is going to be monitored through a newly developed web-based interactive dashboard. Ministries/Departments have been given access to the dashboard to upload achievement data. Work is in progress to enable the dashboard to automatically fetch performance data from the MIS of Ministries, expenditure details from PFMS, and to also have granular information i.e. State and District level data. Screenshots of the dashboard are given below.

(ii)  Sectoral Reviews by PMO:


As the Government moves towards realising the outcomes of a scheme or a sector, rather than just outputs, outcomes of 15 sectors are being monitored. While the reviews had been on-going for several years, in the last two years, they’ve moved from tracking physical progress to outcome progress. To facilitate this, an interactive dashboard was developed in 2016. For the 2017 PMO reviews, the sectors covered included Road, Railways, Airports, Ports, Digital India, Coal PNG, Power, NRE, Urban Housing, Rural Housing, and PMGSY. The screenshot of the dashboard is given below.

(iii) Outcome Budget

A dashboard for updating progress of Union Outcome Budget, 2017-18, was developed.  Ministries/Departments were given access to this dashboard to upload data.

(iv) Programme Monitoring and Evaluation

DMEO has, based on specific requests, undertaken monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for specific schemes. Following the paradigm shift from outlays to outcome-based governance, efforts have focussed on identifying expected outcomes, measuring progress on the same correctly, and analysing the bottlenecks in their achievement.

In this regard, a web-based interactive dashboard has been developed by DMEO to monitor the progress of houses being sanctioned and constructed under the Pradhan MantriAawasYojana (Rural and Urban). Screenshots of the dashboard are given below.

Additionally, evaluation of selected programmes that are currently being implemented has also been taken up, along with quick assessment studies in order to identify gaps in scheme implementation.

A quick assessment study was carried out for eNAM and submitted to PMO. Evaluation studies and quick assessment studies being finalized are: Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme, National Scheduled Caste Finance Development Corporation, RTE: Harmonized SarvSikshaAbhiyaan, PMAY (Urban), MGNREGA, Pradhan MantriKaushalVikasYojana, Swachh Bharat (Gramin), Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchayeeYojana (Integrated Watershed Management), Pradhan MantriFasalBimaYojana, BharatNet, and Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana.

(v) Implementation and Monitoring Progress on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

(a) In the light of the global SDG indicators endorsed by the UN Statistical Commission, the Ministry of Statistics     and     programme    Implementation (MoSPI)   has   developed   an   elaborate   list   of National SDG indicators. NITI Aayog is entrusted with the task of overseeing the implementation of SDGs in the country. A Task Force on SDGs has been constituted by NITI Aayog involving participation of Central      Ministries, State governments and think tanks to review the progress on implementation of SDGs.

(b) In order to facilitate better understanding and faster implementation, NITI Aayog has mapped out Central Ministries as well as centrally sponsored/central sector schemes and other government initiatives on the SDGs and associated targets. Many States/UTs have also conducted similar mapping of their departments, schemes and initiatives.

(c)  NITI Aayog has held 21 National /Regional Consultations on SDGs with Central Ministries, States/UTs, CSOs, academia, international organisations and other stakeholders to improve awareness and coordination. Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog has presented India’s Voluntary National Review Report on the implementation of SDGs on 19th July 2017 at the United Nations High Level Political Forum in New York.

(d)  NITI Aayog is developing a comprehensive SDG India Index comprising a set of indicators for measuring performance of States/UTs on SDGs. A dynamic national dashboard on SDGs is also being created to continuously monitor the progress on SDGs in the country.

(e) NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant and the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres signed the Sustainable Development Framework 2018-22 for India in October 2018.

(vi) Project Appraisal Wing of Govt. of India:

Since 1st January 2015, NITI Aayog has appraised 584 public funded projects with a total cost of Rs. 45,14,389 crore. In addition, 277 Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects with a total cost of Rs. 2,16,703 crore, including 229 Central sector projects and 48 State sector projects have also been appraised.

(vii) Monitoring of performance of Union Territories: Development of UT progress Tracker

NITI Aayog has developed the Dashboard, a progress tracker for Union Territories of India (UTs) to monitor and track the monthly progress of various developmental schemes/ projects/ initiatives of the government. The UTs feed the data, the Ministries verifyit and NITI Aayog/MHA monitor it on a monthly and quarterly basis. Currently, the tracker is monitoring the progress of 42 developmental schemes/ projects/initiatives. This monitoring has helped improve the delivery of services in UTs significantly. The URL is




NITI has provided the platform to collaborate with national and international think tanks on wide-ranging areas. Through conferences, workshops and joint research projects NITI has enabled expert inputs in the policy making exercise of the government.

  • ‘SAMAVESH’, - a major initiative aimed at networking and partnership with knowledge and research institutions using a hub and spoke model was launched. Thirty four such Institutions have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with NITI with the aim to share knowledge and link policy with practice.
  • Champions of Change - Two workshops of young CEOs and young entrepreneurs were organised to make policy making responsive to stakeholder consultation. This was a unique exercise held for the first time which saw Prime Minister along-with his senior Cabinet Ministers directly interacting with young influencers. The interaction centred around varied themes, viz. New India by 2022; Digital India reaching last mile; Education & Skills; Energizing a Sustainable Tomorrow; Health and Nutrition; and Soft Power Incredible India, Make in India; Doubling Farmers’ Income; World Class Infrastructure; Cities of Tomorrow and Reforming the Financial Sector.
  • Conferences organised to build consensus on critical issues relating to judicial system –A Global Conference on Arbitration was organised to discuss dispute resolution mechanisms in the country. Global Arbitration Review (GAR) Awards, the most prestigious arbitration award in the world, declared India as the winner in the category ‘Jurisdiction that has made great progress’. Anotherconference on balancing roles of the threewings of the State towards India’s Development,was organized in association with Law Commission of Indiaon the occasion of the National Law Day, 2017. In October 2018, a training-cum-brainstorming workshop on Best Practices in International Arbitration was organised.
  • In partnership with the Government of Singapore, NITI Aayog organized Capacity Building workshops for State urban leaders wherein about 200 officers from seven States attended different workshops in Delhi and Singapore. The Second Phase of the workshop was held in November 2018, with a focus on Water Management in Urban planning.


One of the mandates of NITI is to maintain a state-of-the-art resource centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development, and to help in dissemination of knowledge to stakeholders. Several initiatives have been taken to develop the repository of knowledge:

  • Compendium on exhaustive set of case studies that reflect the best practices of States across all sectors: “States Forward: Best Practices from Our States”
  • Compendium “Skilling for Employability: Best Practices” highlighting best practices addressing challenges of equity, access, quality, relevance and finance by state governments, private sector & civil society was published by NITI.
  • The Good Practices Resource Book (2015) to consolidate the innovative work in social security, infrastructure, child protection and local governance.
  • A real-time knowledge portal to share best practices across sectors and States will be shortly launched. It is reflective of the spirit of cooperative federalism. The portal will give key government officials at State level, including District Magistrate, the right to upload best practices.


(i) Atal Innovation Mission

  • Atal Innovation Mission is a flagship initiative of the Government of India, setup under the aegis of NITI Aayog, to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in the country. The programs in the first phase have established a network of innovation institutions, at the school and higher education levels.


Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs)


  • Under its flagship program of establishing Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs) at the high school level, AIM has selected 2400+ ATL schools across all states of India. On average, more than 300,000 school students have been engaged in ATLs, over 3500 innovations created, 1000 teachers trained, through multiple series of activities. Under the programme, students from Class VI onwards work with Robots, 3D printers, internet of things.


  • Additionally, 1500+ mentors in early and middle stages of their careers have been engaged on a voluntary basis to expose young innovators to 21st century skills. Some of the top performing Tinkering Labs participated at multiple external events including World Robotic Olympiad, Maker Faire, Nobel Prize series and several other robotic and technology innovation challenges across India. In fact, some of the tinkering labs are also winning innovation challenges at international level.

Atal Incubation Centres (AIC)

  • Under the Atal Incubation Centres (AIC) program, more than 100 institutions have been selected for setting up incubators around the country, in a mix of tier 1, 2 and 3 cities.  Startups incubated at the 19 AICs selected in the first round have already started showing examples of good growth and rapid progress, having created an estimated 6000 jobs in the last one year. Close to 10% of the 500+ startups have a focus on women’s empowerment. These incubators and their incubateestartups have won several awards at various fora, including two at the Economic Times Startup of the Year 2017.

Atal New India Challenges (ANICs)

  • A program titled Atal New India Challenges (ANICs) to support creation of tech products from existing patents and prototypes. In partnerships with five ministries, these challenges will reward innovators looking to develop technologies for Indian priorities in the areas of housing, transport, agriculture, and water and wastewater management. Over time, AIM will assist ministries to deploy these innovations in the field, and create pathways to bring more innovations into the mainstream operations.

Atal Innovation Mission is working at the grassroots level in different parts of the country, to help students and teachers transform into innovators, develop an entrepreneurial mindset, which will pave the way forward for developing a ‘New India’ by 2022.

(ii) Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017: Women First: Prosperity for All

  • NITI hosted the GES 2017 at Hyderabad inNovember 2017. Itwas launched by the Prime Minister and the US Delegation was led by the Advisor to the US President Ms. Ivanka Trump. GES connected top entrepreneurship talent with investors and the start-up ecosystem across the globe to develop innovate solutions to the challenges facing the world. Over 2500 entrepreneurs, investors and speakers from over 150 countries participated in the 53 sessions held over three days with the theme‘Women First: Prosperity for all’.
  • In the run-up to GES, more than 50 events centring around entrepreneurship and innovation were organised in collaboration with various partner organisations all over the country. As a follow-up to GES it was announced that NITI Aayog would set up a Women Entrepreneurship Cell.

(iii) Women Entrepreneurship Platform

NITI Aayog launched the Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP), on the occasion of International Women’s Day, aimed at building an ecosystem for women across India. It aims to help women realize their entrepreneurial aspirations, scale-up innovative initiatives and chalk-out sustainable, long-term strategies for their businesses.

The portal launched on the occasion, is an informative, interactive website that is also acts as a dedicated resource and knowledge base. WEP aims to address the bottlenecks faced by both aspiring and established women entrepreneurs by streamlining information across government and private sector schemes and initiatives.


In view of the goal of the government to double farmer’s income by 2022, a series of initiatives have been taken by NITI to usher in critical reforms in the agriculture sector. Some major initiatives are:

(i) Model Act on Agricultural Land Leasing, 2017

To recognize the rights of the tenant and safeguard interest of landowners NITI Aayog formulated a Model Agricultural Land Leasing Act, 2016 that would enable investment, technology, economy and employment in agriculture. Several States like Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh have either already adopted or have initiated work to amend their respective laws.

(ii) Reforms of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act

NITI Aayog in consultation with the Ministry of Agriculture, States and other stakeholders launched in February, 2017 the Model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing Committee (APLMC) Act 2017. States are being asked to adopt the APMC Act.

(iii) Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index:

NITI Aayog developed the first ever ‘Agriculture Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index’ to sensitise States about the need to undertake reforms in three key areas of agriculture market, land lease and forestry on private land (felling and transit of trees). The aim of the index is to induce healthy competition between States.

(vi) Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchayeeYojana:

A roadmap for Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchayeeYojana was prepared and shared with the concerned Central Ministries/Departments, the States and other stakeholders.

(v) Price Deficiency Payments

Concept of price deficiency payments as an alternative to physical procurement of agricultural produce by the government under Minimum Support Price (MSP) has been proposed by NITI. Pilots are being proposed in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh for cotton and pulses, respectively.

(vi) Rejuvenating Fertilizer Sector: To achieve the aim of India becoming self-sufficient in the production of urea by 2022, NITI steered several committees for revival of new plants at Gorakhpur, Sindri, Barauni and Ramagundam, and selection of technology for Talcher plant. Pilot project of introduction of Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in fertilizer was successfully completed in several States and taken forward for implementation across all States.    

(vii) Alternative Mechanisms for Implementation of Minimum Support Price (MSP):

Consequent to the announcement made under the Budget 2018-19, NITI Aayog has been tasked with developing alternative mechanisms for implementation of MSP for different agricultural crops. NITI Aayog, in consultation with the Central Ministries, States and other stakeholders, has laid down a mechanism comprising three options: Market Assurance Scheme, Price Deficiency Payment Scheme, and Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme.


NITI Aayog has constituted a task force to develop a business model that will focus on the implementation of the pilot projects to demonstrate the doubling of farmer’s income. The initiative will promote 10 pilot projects in different agro-climatic regions of India, preferably through social entrepreneurs. The key principlesdriving the initiative are market driven approach, encouraging application of science and technology in agriculture production, minimizing farmer’s risks and using of modern business practices for value addition in agriculture sector.


(i) Promoting Digital India


NITI acted as the key driver of the digital payment movement post-demonetisation. It undertook an extensive advocacy and outreach programme to promote pan-India digital payment. A mass literary movement across Ministries, industry bodies, educational institutions and States was undertaken. 100 DigiDhanMelas were organised over 100 days in 100 cities. Undertaking information, education and communication to incentivize States/UTs,five crore Jan Dhan accounts were brought to digital platform. The Lucky GrahakYojana and the DigiDhanVyaparYojana schemes were also launched to promote digital payments across all sections of society. Over 16 lakh consumers and merchants won cashback rewards amounting to Rs. 256 crore under these two schemes.

NITI constituted a Committee of Chief Ministers on digital payments with Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, as the convener to make recommendations on promoting digital payments. Several of the recommendations of the interim report submitted to the Prime Minister in January 2017 have since been implemented.

NITI also promoted the development of the BHIM App to enable ease of digital payments, especially in remote areas.

NITI launched the Less-Cash Townships Scheme and based on third party verification. 75 townships certified as less-cash townships were where more than 80 percent of transactions within the townships were through digital mode. ThePrime Minister declared these as less-cash townships on April 14, 2017.

(ii) Shared, Connected and Clean Mobility Solutions

NITI has been extensively working on shared, connected and clean mobility solutions for the country to be adopted readily in smart cities. It came out with the report ‘India Leaps Ahead: Transformative Mobility Solutions for All’ and policy briefs on ‘India’s Energy Storage Mission: A Make in India Opportunity for Globally Competitive Battery Manufacturing’ and ‘Valuing Society First: an Assessment of the Potential for a Feebate Policy in India’.

EV Charging Stations were setup at NITI to provide charging services to electric vehicles.

NITI Aayog has formed six inter-ministerial committees in February, 2018 to decide on the matters and issues related to strategies to scale up transformative mobility.

The MOVE: Global Mobility Summit was held in September 2018. The focus of the summit was on raising awareness about various aspects of Mobility and bringing various stakeholders involved in enhancing mobility across different platforms. Representatives from various Intergovernmental Organizations, Academia, Policy Think tanks from India and abroad, Global leaders from across the mobility sector such as OEMs, Battery Manufacturers, Charging Infrastructure Providers, technology Solution Providers participated in the summit.

(iii) Adoption of frontier technologies in governance

Artificial Intelligence: NITI Aayog has been mandated to develop the National Program on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and assess their impact on India’s economy, society and governance. In order to understand the development, adoption and impact of these technologies, NITI is engaging with ministries, academia, industry, researchers and startups. Based on these, a draft discussion paper on National Strategy for AI is being prepared.

In partnership with IBM and ISRO, a pilot project to develop a crop yield prediction model using AI to provide real time advisory to farmers is being implemented in 10 aspirational districts across the States of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Similar pilot projects in the areas of healthcare and re-skilling in collaboration with various developers are being finalised.

A National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence was released in the month of June 2018, detailing core strategies and recommendations on promoting the use of AI in key areas of governance.

Blockchain: NITI is preparinga discussion paper on IndiaChain, a proposal on India specific infrastructural platform leveraging elements of India Stack such as Aadhaar, UPI and eSign. This paper will delineate the conceptual framework and architectural design of India Chain.

Projects under consideration where technical partners have been identified are pharmaceutical supply chain for identification of spurious drugs, fertilizer supply chain eliminating subsidy leakage and digitisation of land records.


To promote AI and Blockchain, NITI Aayog has entered into several collaborations with governments of other countries, State Governments, companies involved in developing AI and academic institutions.

(iv)Methanol Economy: To reduce dependency on fossil fuel and to minimize imports, an apex committee and fivetask forces are working on a roadmap for implementation of methanol economy. Initiatives identified include production of methanol from high ash coal and municipal solid waste, storage, transportation and R&D on methanol engines. Minister of Shipping has decided use of methanol blended fuel for inland waterways transportation. Government is contemplating a 'Methanol Economy Fund' to promote indigenously-produced methanol that could reduce 10 percent of India's crude oil imports, thereby reducing the fuel bill by around 30 percent by 2030.

(v)Roadmap for ‘Make in India’ in Body Armour: A NITI Aayog committee has prepared a roadmap for making the body armour in India and submitted the same to the Prime Minister’s Office. The major recommendations made include, promotion of indigenous manufacturing of body armours including raw materials, creating more testing facilities, adopting Indian standards in body armours, setting up of Centres of Excellence to pursue R&D in nano-technology materials for lightweight body armours and simplification of the procurement process. All these initiatives would help in indigenous production of body armour and meet the requirements of defence, para military and security agencies. The PMO has accepted all the recommendations made in the report.


  1. 4th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) was hosted by India under the co-chair of NITI Aayog and National Development & Reform Commission, People’s Republic of China on October 6-7th, 2016


  1. Energy Data Management meetings of US DOE-Energy Information Administration (EIA) with Indian Energy Ministries and Departments held on October 24-27th, 2016 in New Delhi.
  1. The NITI Aayog- Development Research Centre (DRC) Dialogue, People’s Republic of China was formalised in 2016, the Second edition and Third Edition of which was held in New Delhi in November 2016 and in Beijing in December 2017. The Fourth NITI-DRC dialogue was held in Mumbai in November 2018.




Read more: Year End Review 2018-NITI Aayog

Year End Review 2018 – MNRE

India attains global 4thand 5thpositionsin wind and solar power installed capacities; India now at 5th global position for overall installed renewable energy capacity A total of 101.83 billion units of power were generated in the country during the year 2017-18 from renewable energy The Government has declared the trajectory of bidding 60 GW capacity of solar energy and 20 GW capacity of wind energy by March 2020,leaving two years’ time for execution of projects.

Keeping in view our commitment to a healthy planet and our Nationally Determined Contributions as per the Paris Accord on Climate Change, India made a pledge that by 2030, 40% of installed power generation capacity shall be based on clean sources, it was determined that 175 GW of renewable energy capacity will be installed by 2022. This includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydro power.

The substantial higher capacity target will ensure greater energy security, improved energy access and enhanced employment opportunities. With the accomplishment of this ambitious target, India will become one of the largest Green Energy producers in the world, even surpassing several developed countries.The Share of Renewable Energy in overall installed capacity in the country as on 31.10.2018 is given below:


Installed Capacity (GW)



221.76 GW



6.78 GW



45.48 GW



73.35 GW



347.37 GW



  • A total of around 73.35 GW of renewable energy capacity has been installed in the country as on October, 2018 from all renewable energy sources which includes around 34.98 GW from Wind, 24.33 GW from solar, 4.5 GW from Small Hydro Power and 9.54 GW from Bio-power. Further, projects worth 46.75 GW capacity have been bid out/under installation. The Government has declared the trajectory of bidding 60 GW capacity of solar energy and 20 GW capacity of wind energy till 31.03.2020. Projects worth each 30 GW solar power and 10 GW wind power capacity would be bid out each in the year 2018-19 & 2019-20.
  • This has given assurance to the renewable energy developers & investors community about long term commitment & planning of the Government in the RE sector encouraging them to make risk free investments in the country. Status of projects as on October, 2018 is given below:


Target (GW)

Installed capacity (GW) as on 31.10.2018

Under Implementation (GW)

Tendered (GW)

Total Installed/ Pipeline (GW)

Solar Power






Wind power






Bio Energy






Small Hydro













  • India has 5th Global position for overall installed renewable energy capacity, 4th position for wind power and 5th position for solar power.
  • Registered lowest ever solar tariffs in India of Rs.2.44 per unit in reverse auctions carried out by Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) in May 2017, for 200 MW and again in July, 2018, for 600 MW.Registered lowest ever wind tariff of Rs.2.43 per unit in a tender of 500 MW project by Gujarat Government in the month of December 2017.
  • The cumulative renewable energy installed capacity has increased from 35.51 GW as on 31.03.2014 to 73.35 GW as on 31.10.2018 (increase of around 106% during last four &a half years). The capacity addition of over 37.84 GW grid connected renewable power has been achieved during last four & half years (2014-15 to 2018-19) which includes 21.7 GW from Solar Power, 13.98 GW from Wind Power, 0.7 GW from Small Hydro Power and 1.5 GW from Bio-power.The year wise capacity addition is given below-


Progress of Renewables in India during the last four and Half years (2014-15 to 2018-19 as on 31.10.2018)


Cumulative Ach. in MW (as on 31.03.2014)

Capacity Addition in MW

Cumulative Achievement in MW (as on 31.10.2018)






Wind Power








Small Hydro Power








Bio Power








Solar Power


















S. No.






















Capacity(as on 31.10.2018)


Waste to Energy








Biomass Gasifiers








SPV Systems







  • A total of 101.83 billion units of power were generated in the country during the year 2017-18 from all renewable energy sources as compared to 61.78 billion units generated in 2014-15 (increase of around 65% during last four years). Share of renewable energy in terms of overall power generation has reached to around 8% from 5.5% in 2014-15.


  • Further, 62.66 BU of energy is generated during 2018-19 upto August 2018.Year wise details of renewable energy generation are given in following table:-


Overall Generation (in BU)

Renewable Generation (in BU)

% share of RE

















2018-19(up to Aug 2018)





  • On 14thJune, 2018,the Ministry of Power has notified the long term RPO trajectory from 2019-20 to 2021-22. The year-wise RPO levels are as under:


Long term RPO trajectory

















  • Issued guidelines for procurement of solar and wind power through tariff based competitive bidding process involving reverse e-auction.
  • Issued order on waiving the Inter State Transmission Systems charges and losses for inter-state sale of solar and wind power for projects to be commissioned by March 2022.
  • Notified standards for deployment of solar photovoltaic systems/devices.


  • The Government has revised the target of Grid Connected Solar Power Projects from 20,000 MW by the year 2021-22 to 100,000 MW by the year 2021-22 under the National Solar Mission.
  • The country currently has the fifth highest solar installed capacity in the world with total installed capacity of 24.33 GW as on October, 2018 against a target of 100 GW by 2022. Further, 22.8 GW capacity is under implementation or have been tendered out.


  • The Ministry plans to bid out remaining solar power capacity in 2018-19 and 2019-20, so that bidding gets completed for entire 100 GW capacity additions by March 2020, leaving two years’ time for execution of projects.
  • The tariff for grid-connected solar power projects is determined through competitive bidding process involving reverse e-auction.  This has helped in bringing down the tariff significantly. The lowest solar tariff discovered as on date is Rs. 2.44/kWh in July 2018 in ISTS based bidding of solar projects in India. The solar tariff has come down from around Rs 18/kWh in 2010 to Rs. 2.44/kWh in 2018 due to various factors like economies of scale, assured availability of land and power evacuation systems etc.
  • Solar Parks are being set up in the country. 47 solar parks of aggregate capacity 26,694 MW has been approved in 21 States up to November, 2018.Over 1,00,000 lakh acres of land identified for various solar parks out of which over 75,000 acres have been acquired. Solar projects of aggregate capacity 4195 MW have been commissioned inside various solar parks.
  • The Ministry is also taking up projects for new emerging technologies such as floating solar power.



  • The country currently has the fourth highest wind installed capacity in the world with total installed capacity of 34.98 GW as on October, 2018 against a target of 60 GW by 2022. Further, around 9.4 GW capacity is under implementation or have been tendered out.
  • The Ministry plans to bid out 10 GW wind power capacity each year for 2018-19 and 2019-20, so that bidding gets completed for entire 60 GW capacity additions by March 2020, leaving two years’ time for execution of projects.
  • The recent assessment conducted by National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) indicates a gross wind power potential of 302 GW in the country at 100 meter above ground level.
  • The capacity additions till 2017 were through Feed in Tariff (FiT) mechanism. Subsequently, the tariff regime has been shifted from Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) to bidding route.
  • The Government has issued ‘Guidelines for Tariff Based Competitive Bidding Process for Procurement of Power from Grid Connected Wind Power Projects’, vide Resolution notified on 8th December, 2017, with an objective to provide a framework for procurement of wind power through a transparent process of bidding. This has resulted in discovery of lowest ever tariff for wind power.
  • The National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy was issued in May 2018. The main objective of the policy is to provide a framework for promotion of large grid connected wind-solar PV hybrid system for optimal and efficient utilization of wind and solar resources, transmission infrastructure and land. The wind - solar PV hybrid systems will help in reducing the variability in renewable power generation and achieving better grid stability.
  • A bid for setting up of first 1200 MW Greenfieldwind solar hybrid project was floated by SECI.
  • The National Offshore wind energy policy was notified in October 2015 with an objective to develop the offshore wind energy in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) along the Indian coastline.
  • Initial studies carried out by NIWE indicate offshore wind energy potential off the coasts Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.
  • LiDAR was commissioned on the monopile platform in November 2017 at Gulf of Khambhat, off Gujarat coast for wind resource assessment.
  • NIWE floated Expression of Interest (EoI) for establishment of 1 GW offshore wind farm in Gulf of Khambhat region off Gujarat coast. 35 parties (both national and international) showed interest.
  • National targets for offshore wind capacity additions of 5 GW by 2022 and 30 by 2030 declared.
  • The expansion of the wind industry has resulted in a strong ecosystem, project operation capabilities and a manufacturing base. State-of-the-art technologies are now available in the country for the manufacture of wind turbines.  All the major global players in this field have their presence in the country. Over 24 different models of wind turbines are being manufactured by more than 12 different companies in India. Wind turbines and components are being exported to the US, Australia, Europe, Brazil and other Asian countries. Around 70-80% indigenization has been achieved with strong domestic manufacturing in the wind sector.



  • Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has been promoting programmes to promote Biomass Power and Bagasse Cogeneration in the country with an objective to utilize country’s available biomass resources like bagasse, rice husk, straw, cotton stalk, coconut shells etc. for power generation.
  • Waste to Energy projects are also being set up for generation of Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Waste / Residues such as municipal solid wastes, vegetable and other market wastes, slaughterhouse waste, agricultural residues and industrial wastes & effluents.
  • A total capacity of 9.54 GW ofgrid connected bio-powerhas been installed in the country as on October 2018 against a target of 10 GW bio-power by 2022. This includes 8.73 GW from bagasse cogeneration, 0.68 GW from non-bagasse cogeneration and 0.13 GW from waste to energy.


  • A total capacity of 4.5 GW of grid connected small hydro power has been installed in the country as on October 2018 against a target of 5 GW small hydro power by 2022. Further, 126 no. of projects of capacity 0.73 GW are under various stages of implementation.



  • Energy Storage is one of the crucial & critical components of India's energy infrastructure strategy and also for supporting India's sustained thrust to renewables and electric mobility.  With an objective to strive towards leadership in the energy storage sector by creating an enabling policy and regulatory framework, a comprehensive National Energy Storage Mission (NESM) has been developed. The Mission focuses on demand creation, indigenous manufacturing, innovation and necessary policy support for proliferation of Energy Storage in the country.




  • The Ministry is implementing off grid and Decentralized renewables programme for meeting energy demand for cooking, lighting, motive power, space heating, hot water generation, etc. The Ministry also supports deployment of decentralized solar applications like solar lanterns, solar street lights, solar home lights, solar pumps, etc. in the country.As on October, 2018, over 40 Lakhs no. of Lantern & Lamps, 16.72 lakhs no. of Home Lights, 6.40 lakhs no. of Street Lights, 1.96 lakhs no. of solar pumps and 187.99MWp Stand Alone has been installed in the country.




  • The MNRE has decided to scale-up its RD&D effort to Technology Development and Innovation Programme. The focus is on promoting application oriented innovation, integrated with research and development for for commercial applications and testing and standardization for quality and reliability assurance in renewable energy sector. A Technology Development and Innovation Policy (TDIP) is also being finalised. It is based on a robust ecosystem for support for research, innovation and validation for technology development and demonstration, testing and standardization, awards for innovation linked with start-ups.




  • As part of HRD programme of the Ministry, a robust RE education and training system is developed. SPV lighting systems, Solar Thermal systems, SHP have been incorporated in the regular syllabus of 2 years certificate programme for seven trades i.e Electronics, Electrician, Machinist, Welder, Carpenter, Fitter and Plumber. Course modules and Modular Employable Skilling programme (MES) of NCVT have been developed. Parallelly, through Sector Skill Council of Green Jobs NOSs/QPs have been developed for various job roles in Renewable Energy sectors and regular training programmes are being organised for these job roles with the support of MNRE or MSDE as per National Skill Development Policy 2015.


2nd Global Re-Invest Renewable Energy Investors’ Meet and Expo (2nd Re-Invest)

  • The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy hosted the First Assembly of International Solar Alliance (ISA), 2nd Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Energy Ministerial Meet and 2nd Global RE-Invest Meet & Expo from 3rd to 5th October 2018 at the India Expo Mart, Greater NOIDA.
  • The three-day event saw participation of over 20,000 delegates including representatives of over 77 countries out of which 40 were at ministerial level.
  • This Meeting provided a platform for experts to discuss energy needs within the region, identification of hurdles in cooperation and coordination among concerned agencies. The event also witnessed the cementing of ties between the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) and ISA in the form of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).


International Solar Alliance (ISA)


  • The International Solar Alliance (ISA) became first international intergovernmental organization headquartered in India on 6th December, 2017. ISA is part of India’s vision to provide clean and affordable energy to all. So far 71 countries have signed the Framework Agreement of the ISA. Out of these,48 countries have ratified the same.


  • The First Assembly of the ISA was held on 3 October, 2018 in India. 37 ISA member Countries, including India and France, attended the Assembly. In addition, 25 countries that have signed the Framework Agreement of ISA but yet to ratify; 13 Prospective Member countries that are yet sign the Framework Agreement of the ISA; and 3 Partner countries that are beyond inter-tropical zone attended the Assembly as Observers.


  • In the First Assembly inter-alia India’s resolution for amending the Framework Agreement of the ISA for opening up the ISA membership to all countries that are members of United Nations was adopted.
  • India has recognized ISA’s judicial personality by entering into Headquarter agreement with ISA.



Read more: Year End Review 2018 – MNRE

Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)

  • In October 2018, 21 countries adopted the Delhi Declaration on Renewable Energy in the Indian Ocean Region for a common renewable energy agenda, increased collaboration and promotion of regional capacity building.

Repowering Policy

  • Promotes optimum utilisation of wind energy resources by creating facilitative framework for repowering.
  • An interest rebate of 0.25 per cent over the interest rebate offered to new wind energy projects will be provided.
  • All fiscal and financial benefits offered to new wind power projects will be extended to repowering projects

Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy

  • Aims to achieve a hybrid wind-solar capacity of 10GW by 2022.
  • Hybridization of the two technologies will help in:

- Minimizing Variability

- Optimal utilization of infrastructure including land and transmission systems

Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPO’s)

  • RPO’s are a mechanism by which State Electricity commissions are obliged to purchase certain percentage of power from renewable energy sources.
  • Also, floor prices of the RPO have been set to provide certainty to companies. The floor price has been set at US$ 144 per Megawatt.

Scheme for Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects

  • Aims to set up 25 Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects targeting 20,000MW of solar power installed capacity by 2019-20.
  • US 83.78 million have already been sanctioned under the scheme.


Credits: IBEF Reports, August 2018


Energy is a key driver of economic growth and the Government’s focus has been to bring about transformational changes in the energy landscape of India to fulfil the twin objectives of energy justice and climate justice. The Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry has endeavored to “Reform, Perform and Transform’ the sector. The government has taken several reforms and accomplished major task with far-reaching impacts in the sectors of Exploration and Production, Refinery, Marketing, Natural Gas and international cooperation.


1.         Exploration & Production

A number of new initiatives have been taken in the last one year to promote Exploration and Production activities in the country. In a major policy drive to give a boost to petroleum and hydrocarbon sector, the Government has unveiled a series of policy reforms. Some of the notable Policy reforms are listed as under:

i. Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP)/ Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP) – This is a paradigm shift from Production Sharing Contract (PSC) regime to Revenue Sharing Contract (RSC) regime based on the principle of ease of doing business. It provides for single License for exploration and production of conventional as well as non-conventional Hydrocarbon resources; Pricing and Marketing Freedom; reduced rate of royalty for offshore blocks, Open Acreage Licensing Policy that means option to select the exploration blocks without waiting for formal bid round. Expression of Interest can be submitted round the year and Bidding is carried out every 6 months.

Under OALP Bid Round I, 55 Blocks having area of 59,282 sq. Km have been awarded on 1st October, 2018. OALP Bid Round II with 14 blocks is in the offering.


ii.  Policy Framework to Promote and Incentivize Enhanced Recovery Methods for Oil and Gas- The Government has approved the Policy framework to promote and encourage adoption of Enhanced Recovery (ER)/Improved Recovery (IR)/Unconventional Hydrocarbon (UHC) production Methods/techniques through fiscal incentives and an enabling ecosystem to improve productivity of existing fields and enhance overall production of domestic hydrocarbons. The Policy provides for systemic assessment of every field for its ER potential, appraisal of appropriate ER techniques and fiscal incentives to de-risk the cost involved in ER Projects and to make it economically viable.


iii. Discovered Small Field Policy (DSF) Policy, Round I & II - For early monetization of unmonetized discoveries of National Oil Companies (NoCs), Cabinet in September, 2015 approved 69 marginal fields for offer under Discovered Small Fields Policy. These contract areas are awarded under the new regime of Revenue Sharing Model. Award of contract is expected to provide faster development of fields and facilitate production of oil and gas.

The First bidding round under the Discovered Small Field Policy was launched on 25th May 2016, thereby offering 67 discovered small fields in 46 contract areas of ONGC and OIL for international bidding. Total 30 contracts for 43 discovered small fields were signed with 20 companies in March, 2017. It is expected that in-place locked hydrocarbons volume of 40 MMT oil and 22.0 BCM of gas will be monetised over a period of 15 years.

On 7th February, 2018, Cabinet has approved the Discovered Small Field Policy Bid Round-II, an extension of the Discovered Small Field Policy notified on 14.10.2015. Under DSF-II, 59 discovered small fields/unmonetized discoveries estimated to have 194.65 Million Metric Ton (MMT) Oil and Oil equivalent gas in place are offered for bidding.

The Second Bidding Round under DSF Policy offering 59 discoveries clubbed into 25 new Contract Areas was launched on 9th August, 2018.


iv.  National Seismic Programme of Un-appraised areas – The Government has taken up programme of undertaking 2D seismic survey of entire un-apprised areas. National Seismic Programme was launched on 12th October, 2016. Under the programme, Government has approved the proposal for conducting 2D seismic survey for data Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation (API) of 48,243 Line Kilo Metres (LKM).  The estimated cost of the project is Rs.2932.99 crore and the project is proposed to be completed by 2019-20. 

As on 31st October, 2018, surface coverage of 28485 LKM, out of 48,243 LKM has been achieved under 2D Seismic data acquisition under National Seismic Programme.

v. Policy Framework for streamlining the working of the Production Sharing Contracts-  Under this Policy, Government has allowed  2 years  extension in exploration period  and  1 year in Appraisal period for operational blocks in NER besides allowing marketing including pricing freedom for natural gas produced in future in NER; sharing of the statutory levies including royalty & cess in Pre-NELP Exploration Blocks and to be cost recoverable with prospective effect; extending tax benefits under Section 42 of Income Tax, 1961 to operational blocks under Pre-NELP discovered fields prospectively.

vi.  Re-assessment of Hydrocarbon Resources – A Multi Organisation Team (MOT) comprising of representatives of ONGC, OIL and DGH has carried out estimation of hydrocarbon resource potential in the country.  The prognosticated conventional hydrocarbon resources in 26 sedimentary basins of the country are of the order of 41.87 billion tones (oil and oil equivalent of gas), which is about 49% increase as compared to earlier estimates of 28.08 billion tones.

vii.  Policy Framework for Exploration & Exploitation of Unconventional Hydrocarbons under Existing Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs), Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Contracts & Nomination Fields- Government hasapproved the policy to encourage the existing Contractors in the licensed/leased area to unlock the potential of unconventional hydrocarbons in the existing acreages. Under this policy, an area of 72,027 sq. km. held under PSCs and 5269 sq. km area under CBM contracts has been opened up for simultaneous exploration and exploitation of conventional or unconventional hydrocarbons.

2.         Natural Gas

i. Natural Gas Grid

In order to promote the usage of natural gas as a fuel/feedstock across the country and move towards a gas based economy, the development of additional  13500 Km long gas pipeline is under way to complete the Gas Grid.  The status of major under-construction gas pipeline project is as under:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga Project (Jagdishpur – Haldia & Bokaro – Dhamra Pipeline Project (JHBDPL)):The 2655 km. pipeline project is being executed at an investment of Rs.12,940 Crore, which includes 40% capital grant (i.e. Rs.5,176 Cr) from the Government of India and the project is scheduled to be completed progressively by December, 2020. JHBDPL will cater to the energy requirements of five states, namely Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal. Construction work on Section 1 of JHBDPL project (770 Km) is at advanced stage and the same is expected to be commissioned shortly. Part pipeline section upto Varanasi has been operationalized to commence gas supply for Varanasi City Gas Distribution (CGD) network. Further line pipe procurement and pipe laying work for balanced section (except West Bengal) has also been awarded and construction is in progress.


  1. Barauni to Guwahati Pipeline: To extend the Gas Grid upto North East, development of a 729 Km long pipeline from Barauni to Guwahati has been allowed as an integral part JHBDPL project. This pipeline will pass through the Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim & Assam .Pipe procurement and laying work tenders are under progress. This project is scheduled to be commissioned by December 2021.


  1. North East Region(NER) Gas Grid: To further extend the gas grid to each states of North-East and Sikkim, a Joint Venture (JV) company, named as Indradhanush Gas Grid Ltd, has been formed by five Oil & Gas Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) i.e. IOCL, ONGC, GAIL, OIL, & NRL on 10.08.2018. This JVC will develop NER Gas Gird of about 1656 Km long in all North Eastern States i.e. Assam, Sikkim, Mizoram, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya in a phased manner at the total cost of about Rs. 9265 Crore.  PNGRB has also issued provisional authorization to IGGL on 14.09.2018 for the development of North-East gas pipeline grid.  On completion, NER grid will ensure uninterrupted availability of natural gas across the region and boost industrial growth in the region.


  1. Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-Mangalore Pipeline (Phase-II): GAIL is developing 872 km long pipeline at the investment of Rs 5150 Crore in the State of Kerala & Tamilnadu. Construction work in the State of Kerala is at advanced stage and is expected to be completed by mid of 2019. Further, pipeline laying work to connect Tamilnadu has also been commenced and work is under progress.


  1. Ennore-Thiruvallur-Bengluru-Puducherry-Nagapatinam-Madurai-Tuticorin Pipeline (ETBPNMTPL):Indian Oil is developing a 1385 Km pipeline at the investment of Rs. 4497 Crore. This pipeline will pass through the State of Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka. Part section (Ennore-Manali & Ramanad-Tuticorin) laying work is under progress. Further, award for pipe and laying work for the remaining pipeline sections are under process. 
  1. Other gas pipeline projects to complete the Gas Grid are also at various stages of implementation and are being executed in phased manner. 


ii.  City Gas Distribution (CGD) Network

To make available natural gas to public at large, Government has put strong emphasis on expansion of City Gas Distribution (CGD) network coverage across the country. CGD networks ensures the supply of cleaner fuel (i.e. PNG) to households, Industrial & commercial units as well as transportation fuel (i.e. CNG) to vehicles. Till 2017, only 19% of the country’s population spreading over 11% of the country’s area was covered for development of CGDs in 96 Geographical areas. To boost the CGD sector, 9th CGD Bidding Round was launched in April, 2018 for 86 Geographical Areas (GAs) covering 174 districts in 22 States/ Union Territories of the country. 38 entities (Public and Private) participated in this round and submitted total 406 bids for all 86 GAs. As of now, 84 GAs has been authorized to the successful bidders for the development of CGD networks. Hon’ble Prime Minister, on 22nd November 2018, has laid the foundation stone for the development of CGD projects in 61 newly authorized GAs covering 129 districts spreading over 17 States/UTs as well as launched the next round (10th) of CGD bidding for 50 GAs. With the conclusion of 10th round, it will expand the coverage of CGD networks to about 70% country’s population spreading over 50% of India's area. The growth of CGD coverage has potential to attract total investment of more than Rs 1,20,000 Crore in gas value chain with generation of about 3 lakh employment opportunities in coming years.

iii.  Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) Re-gasification

To meet the increased gas demand in the country, different entities are importing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) from global gas markets. The import of LNG is being carried out at existing four (4) LNG terminals which have regasification capacity of about 26.3 MMTPA (~ 95 MMSCMD). The terminal-wise details and their expansion plans are as under

















Total Capacity  (MMTPA)


(*Name plate capacity is 5 MMTPA but in absence of the breakwater, the terminal can only operate at 1.3 MMTPA)

On 30th September, 2018, Hon’ble Prime Minister inaugurated the Mundra LNG project which has been developed by GSPC LNG Limited. This terminal has the capacity to handle 5 MMTPA of LNG. In addition, two new LNG terminals of 5 MMTPA capacity each located at Ennore (Tamilnadu) and Dhamra (Odisha) are also under development at present.

3.         Marketing

  1. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)

In order to provide clean cooking fuel LPG to BPL households in the country, the Government has launched “Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana”(PMUY) scheme to provide to provide 5 Crore deposit-free LPG connections to women belonging to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families, which were subsequently increased to 8 Crore with a budgetary allocation of Rs. 12800 crore. Beneficiaries are identified through Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) list and in case the names are not appearing in the SECC list, beneficiaries are identified from categories i.e. SC/STs households, beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY (Gramin), Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY), Forest dwellers, Most backward Classes (MBC), Tea & Ex-Tea Garden Tribes and people residing in Islands/ river islands.


The initial target of 5 crore connections was achieved well before the target i.e.31st March, 2019. As on 05.12.2018, more than 5.83 crore connections have been released under the scheme. Implementation of PMUY has resulted in significant increase in national LPG coverage, in general and Eastern States, in particular. The World Health Organization (WHO) has appreciated the efforts of the Government and termed it as a decisive intervention to check the indoor health pollution being faced by the women of the country.


  1. PAHAL

Government, as a measure of Good Governance, has introduced well targeted system of subsidy delivery to LPG consumers through PAHAL. The initiative of the Government was aimed at rationalizing subsidies based on approach to cut subsidy leakages, but not subsidies themselves.

As on 06.12.2018, more than 23.08 crore LPG consumers have joined the PAHAL Scheme. PAHAL has entered into Guinness book of World record being largest Direct Benefit Transfer scheme. So far, more than Rs. 96,625 crore have been transferred into the bank accounts of consumers.

PAHAL has helped in identifying ‘ghost’ accounts, multiple accounts and inactive accounts. This has helped in curbing diversion of subsidized LPG to commercial purposes. So far, estimated savings due to implementation of Pahal is approximately Rs 50,000 crore.

  1. Automation at OMC ROs

To enhance customer confidence through Q&Q (Quality & Quantity) of fuel and minimizes chance of fraudulent transactions, this Ministry has given target to OMCs to automate all ROs across the country wherever feasible. As on 01.11.2018, 40354 ROs (70%) have been automated across the country.

  1. Promotion of Digital Payments Undertaken by MoP&NG

There has been a significant expansion of digital payment infrastructure at retail outlets. As on 20.11.2018, 100876 POS terminals and 92408 e-wallet facility have been provided at 53717 (98%) petrol pumps across the country, 52959 retail outlets have been enabled with BHIM UPI. All the LPG Distributors and City Gas distribution companies are enabled with BHIM UPI.

  1. Retail Outlet Dealer Selection Advertisement Released

Expansion of retail outlet network (Petrol Pumps) is undertaken by Oil Marketing Companies primarily to meet the growing fuel needs and convenience of customers in emerging markets like upcoming highways, agricultural pockets and industrial hubs. The Retail Outlet network in Rural, remote and far-flung areas are also being expanded with the intention of reaching product,  ensuring quality and correct price to meet the rural agricultural demand and people living in remote areas. Additionally, the expansion of Retail outlet network is expected to generate employment opportunities also.

Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) have issued advertisements for 55652 locations across thirty States inviting applications from prospective candidates for setting up of Petrol pumps on 25th November, 2018. Advertisements for the five Assembly poll bound States will be released after the model code of conduct is lifted.

For the first time, computerized “Draw of Lots”/”Bid opening” would be held under the aegis of an independent agency to bring in more transparency. All Retail outlets will be constructed with latest technology including automation.

4.         Refinery

Out of the 23 refineries operation in the country, 18 are in public sector, 3 are in private sector and two as a joint venture with a total refining capacity of 247.566 MMTPA. Out of the refining capacity of 247.566MMT, 142.066 MMT is in the public sector, 17.30MMT in joint venture and the balance 88.2 MMT is in the private sector. The country is not only self-sufficient in the refining capacity for its domestic consumption but also exports sufficient quantity of petroleum products.


5.         Auto Fuel Vision and Policy

i.          Introduction of BS-IV & BS-VI fuels in the Country:

  1. Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas vide order dated 19.01.2015 has notified for implementation of BS-IV Auto Fuels in the entire country w.e.f. 01.04.2017 in a phased manner. Accordingly, BS-IV Auto Fuels has been implemented in the entire country w.e.f 01.04.2017.
  2. It has also been decided that the country will leapfrog directly from BS-IV to BS-VI fuel standards and BS-VI standards will be implemented in the country w.e.f. 01.04.2020.
  3. Considering the serious pollution level in Delhi, Government has commenced supply of BS-VI in NCT of Delhi w.e.f. 01.04.2018.

ii.         Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme

For ethanol supply year 2018-19, the Government has fixed remunerative price for ethanol procurement based on raw material utilized for ethanol production as follows:


  1.  From C-heavy molasses at Rs. 43.46 per litre.
  2. From B heavy molasses / partial sugarcane juice at Rs.52.43 per litre.
  3.  Price of ethanol for the mills, who will divert 100% sugarcane juice for production of ethanol thereby not producing sugar, has been fixed at Rs.59.19 per litre. This price will be paid by OMCs to those sugar mills who will divert 100% sugarcane juice for production of ethanol thereby not producing any sugar. If a sugar mill produces ethanol with a combination of B heavy molasses and sugarcane juice, the ethanol price derived from B heavy molasses route shall be payable by OMCs.
  4. Further, the Government has also allowed production of ethanol from damaged food grains. OMCs are offering differential pricing of Rs. 47.13 per litre to incentivize this route.
  5. For the previous ethanol supply year 2017-18, the blending quantity of ethanol with petrol was 149.54 crore litres and the average blend percentage was 4.19 % which is the highest in the history of EBP Programm
  6.  Subsequent to amendment in Industries (Development & Regulation) Act, 1951, giving control on production, movement and storage of ethanol to the Central Government, Central Government has been regularly interacting with the State Governments and other stakeholders to resolve the bottlenecks in smooth implementation of EBP Programme. Till now, Nine States have already implemented the amended provisions.
  7. The proposal to reduce GST on denatured ethanol meant for EBP Programme was initiated by this Ministry with Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance. Based on the said proposal, Government has reduced the GST rate on ethanol meant for EBP Programme from 18% to 5%.
  8. Department of Food & Public Distribution has introduced a Scheme for extending financial assistance to sugar mills for enhancement and augmentation of ethanol production capacity. This Scheme aims to infuse Rs. 1332 crore via Interest Subvention route. Under this Scheme, 114 proposals worth Rs. 6139.08 crore have been approved which are estimated to add 200 crore litres per annum of ethanol distillation capacity. In furtherance, in line with the decision taken in the meeting of PS to PM dated 21.09.2018 on “Ease of doing business and reduction in time taken for setting up of sugar related Distilleries”, MoP&NG has developed a format to monitor the progress, identify red flags and share it with distilleries. In this regard, Joint meetings with Project Proponents were held on 10.10.2018 and 13.11.2018. Further, MoP&NG has written letter to State Govt. of Karnataka, UP, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand for facilitating implementation of financial assistance scheme on 16.10.2018.

III.       Bio-diesel Programme

  1. Purchase Orders have been issued by Oil Marketing Companies for supply of 8.14 crore litres of biodiesel during the period May – October, 2018, with provision for extension for three months.
  2. As on 30.10.2018, OMCs have procured 7.97 crore litres of Biodiesel.


iv.        Second Generation Ethanol

  1. Subsequent to opening up of alternate route i.e. Second Generation (2G) route for ethanol production, Oil Marketing Companies are in the process of setting up 12 2G bio-refineries with an investment of Rs.10,000 crores.
  2. Detailed Feasibility Report (DFR) for some 2G Bio-ethanol plants has been prepared by Oil PSUs. One of the Oil PSU viz. Numaligarh Refinery Ltd. has formed a JV named Assam Bio-refinery Private Limited with M/s Chempolis Oy of Finland and M/s Fortum 3 BV of Netherlands in June, 2018. The ground breaking ceremony of 2G ethanol project in Bargarh, Odisha, proposed to be set up by BPCL, was held on 10.10.2018.


v.         National Policy on Biofuels – 2018.

  1. The Government has notified National Policy on Biofuels 2018 on 8.6.2018 which is expected to give boost to the biofuel programme of the country. The major features of the Policy are as below:


  1. Categorization of biofuels as “Basic Biofuels” viz. First Generation (1G) bio ethanol & biodiesel and “Advanced Biofuels” – Second Generation (2G) ethanol, bio-CNG etc. to enable extension of appropriate financial and fiscal incentives under each category.
  2. Expanding the scope of raw material for ethanol production by allowing use of sugarcane Juice, sugar containing materials like sugar beet, sweet sorghum, starch containing materials like corn, cassava, damaged food grains like wheat, broken rice, rotten potatoes, unfit for human consumption for ethanol production.

iii. The Policy allows use of surplus food grains for production of ethanol for blending with petrol with the approval of National Biofuel Coordination Committee.

  1. With a thrust on Advanced Biofuels, the Policy indicates a viability gap funding scheme for 2G ethanol Bio refineries of Rs.5000 crores in 6 years in addition to additional tax incentives, higher purchase price as compared to 1G biofuels.


vi.   Joining of Advanced Motor Fuels

Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas joined Advanced Motor Fuels (AMF), a Technology collaboration programme (TCP) under International Energy Agency (IEA) as Member on 9.5.2018. It is an international platform to promote collaboration in R&D for developing advanced motor fuels / alternate fuels with greater focus on improving fuel efficiency and reduced GHG emissions.


viii.      SATAT Initiative

  1. The Ministry has decided to give vide publicity to the initiative of Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT initiative) by organising Road Shows at Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh and Lucknow to promote Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) production and use.


  1. Accordingly, First Road Show was organised at Chandigarh on 17.11.2018 by Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies IOCL, BPCL and HPCL. The event was attended by prospective entrepreneurs, technology providers, representatives of Punjab Energy Development Agency (PEDA), Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (HAREDA), financial institutions, FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM along with interested dealers / distributors and officers of OMCs. In the Road Show, the participants were informed about the SATAT initiative and entrepreneurs were encouraged to setup CBG plants and supply CBG to OMCs.


 6.     International Cooperation

  1. Overseas  sourcing
  1. In February 2018, an Indian Consortium of OVL, IOCL and BPRL acquired 10% participating interest in Abu Dhabi’s offshore Lower Zakum oil field.
  2. The first long term LNG cargo from US arrived at Dhabol on 30th March 2018.
  3. In April 2018, IOCL acquired 17% stake in the Mukhaizna Oilfield, Oman.
  4. The first long term LNG cargo from Russia arrived at Dhahej on 4th June 2018.


ii.         Important Agreements / Contracts

  1. Saudi Aramco and ADNOC signed a MoU in June 2018 to jointly develop and build an integrated refinery and petrochemicals complex promoted by Ratnagiri Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd. (RRPCL) at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra. 
  2. India and USA launched Strategic Energy Partnership Ministerial level Energy Dialogue process on 17th April 2018.
  3. PMs of India and Nepal launched the ground-breaking ceremony of India-Nepal petroleum products pipeline from Motihari to Amlekhgunj through live-streaming in New Delhi on 7th April 2018.
  4. A tripartite MoU was signed between Petronet LNG of India, Sri Lanka Ports Authority, and a Japanese company in April, 2018 to set up LNG terminal at Colombo.
  5. ISPRL and ADNOC (of UAE) signed a restated Definitive Agreement on Oil Storage and Management on 10th February 2018 for filling 5.86 million barrels of crude oil in the Mangalore SPR facility.
  6. On 18 September, 2018, India-Bangladesh Friendship Pipeline was inaugurated by the Prime Ministers of India and Bangladesh.
  7. On 12th November, 2018 a MoU was signed between ISPRL and ADNOC for exploring participation of ADNOC in Padur SPR.


iii.        Major International Conferences / Meetings:

  1. India hosted the 16th International Energy Forum (IEF) Ministerial Meeting from 10-12th April 2018 in New Delhi.
  2. The 2nd meeting of the International Think Tank (ITT) was held on 13th October 2018 to discuss the challenges and the way forward for the Indian Oil and Gas sector for the future.
  3. 3rd meeting of India-OPEC Energy Dialogue was held on 17th October 2018
  4. Minister PNG inaugurated the 2nd annual India Energy Forum by CERAWeek in New Delhi, from 14 - 16 October 2018.
  5. In October, 2018 Road Shows were held by ISPRL in New Delhi, Singapore and London to finalize PPP model for construction and filling of Phase-II Strategic Petroleum Reserves facilities proposed for construction.


7.         Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

i.          Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas received Swachh Bharat National Award for Swachhata Action Plan (SAP) 2017-18 in Swachh Bharat National Award ceremony held on Gandhi Jayanti, 02nd October, 2018. MoPNG allocated a budget of Rs. 335.68 crore for SAP 2017- 18 and continuous monitoring through various apex level review meetings, MoPNG including Oil & Gas CPSEs, has achieved an expenditure figure of around Rs. 402 crore, showing an achievement of around 120%.

ii.         As a precursor to the launch of the 150th birth year celebrations of Mahatama Gandhi, MoPNG observed Swachhata Hi Seva 2018 (SHS) from 15th September to 2nd October, 2018. MoPNG led the SHS campaign from the front. Ministry has undertaken various initiatives which inter-alia include organizing Shramdaan at various locations, conducting rallies/walkathon/cyclothons to generate awareness about sanitation; distribution of jute bags to general public to make plastic free zone; organizing cleaning drives at tourist places; constructing toilets in schools, public places, etc., distributing sanitary and hygiene products and organizing health talks and health camps.



Read more: Year End Report 2018- Ministry of Petroleum &...

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India has been conferred the Skoch Award for National Significance at an event held recently in New Delhi. The award was received by Secretary, Ministry of New Renewable Energy Shri Anand Kumar.

The award has been conferred on the Ministry considering its purpose and critical role played in installing about 73 GW renewable energy capacity in the country. With 21 per cent of total installed capacity, within the year renewable energy grossed a magic figure of providing one billion units of electricity in the country.

Today, India ranks 4 in the world in wind energy capacity and 5th in solar & total renewable energy capacity installed in the world. India has played a critical role in setting up of international solar alliance. Further, India moved a resolution during the first meeting for making it a global initiative.



Read more: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy conferred...

Following is the text of the Union Environment Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan at the inauguration of Indian Pavilion at the 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which is being held at Katowice, Poland.

“Dear Friends! I welcome you all to COP-24 in the wonderful city of Katowice, Poland.  I  believe  that  we  are  at  a  critical  juncture in  our  ongoing  battle  to  save  our  planet  from  the  threats  of global   warming   and   let   me   assure   you   that   India   is   truly committed  to  winning  this  battle.  I  feel  proud  in  affirming  that India  has  made  great  strides  in  its  journey  towards  climate change adaptation and mitigation.


This pavilion reflects our ambitious and bold actions on climate change.  We will be organizing more than 20 sessions,  covering issues important for climate change adaptation and mitigation. This  year  the  theme  of  India  Pavilion  is  ‘One  World  One  Sun One  Grid’  as  highlighted  by  our  Hon’ble  Prime  Minister  Shri Narendra Modi during first assembly of the International Solar Alliance  on  October  2018.  The Hon’ble Prime Minister has set an   ambitious   target   that   40   per   cent   of   its   installed   power capacity will be from non-fossil fuels by 2030.

Under   the   visionary   leadership   of   Prime   Minister,   we   have launched many policies and set up institutional mechanisms to advance our climate actions. These initiatives are a reflection of our  commitment  towards  addressing  climate  change  concern including  energy  security,  food  and  water  security,  capacity enhancement at national and state level.


I   have   launched   a   nationwide   campaign   in   preserving   and protecting   the   environment   called   the   Green   Good   Deeds Movement.  We  realized  that  people’s  participation  is  crucial  to accomplish  our  goal  and  so  this  campaign  was  prepared  to inspire, encourage and involve each and every individual of our society.  The  attempt  is  to  ensure  that  each  and  every  citizen must   adopt   measures   to   protect   the   environment   by   doing small but significant green good deed such as save energy, save water,  car-pool  to  work,  use  dustbins  for  disposal  of  waste, segregate waste, plant trees, and so on and so forth.

I  expect  that  this  movement  –  Green  Good  Deeds  -  will  soon involve  people  not  only,  in  India  but  across  the  globe.  I am receiving   positive   feedback   from   all   stakeholders   for   further strengthening this movement.


India is  working hard for  achieving 175 GW target for  installed Renewable Energy capacity by 2022. The effect of increased use of  renewable  energy  is  now  visible  in  India.  Resultantly,  India stands 4th  in wind power 5th  in renewable power and 5th  in solar power  installed.   Besides  solar  and  wind  power,  we  are  also working   on   biomass,   biofuel   and   bio-energy.   Our   aim   will always be to leap ahead into the future of energy solutions that make this world a cleaner and greener place. In   the   last   few   years   India   has   taken   a   number   of   other initiatives.  Till  date  more  than  310  million  LEDs  have  been installed    countrywide.    Around    58    million    households    are already covered under Ujjwala scheme. Ujjwala scheme will not only contribute to improved health of women and children, but also  help  on  reducing  forest  degradation.  Just  in  last  2  years India achieved 1% increase in its forest cover whereas in many countries   across   the   globe,   it   is   depleting.   More   than   0.26 million  Electric  Vehicles  have  been  sold,  with  more  than  91 million  CO2  Reduction  (in  kg).  Apart  from  this,  we  have  also pledged   to   get   rid   of   single-use   plastic   by   2022   across   the country.


India’s  leadership  in  global  climate  action  has  been  recognised and   Hon’ble   Prime   Minister   Shri   Narendra   Modi   has   been bestowed  with  “Champion  of  Earth  Award”  this  year  by  the United  Nations  for  his  stewardship  in  promoting  International Solar Alliance and resolve to make India plastic free by 2022.


I believe it is crucial that we find ways to combat climate change not  just  through  modern  technologies  but  with  the  wisdom  of our collective cultural tradition. We are all aware that our Prime Minister  Shri  Narendra  Modi  has  been  providing  international leadership for the Climate Change and Global Warming issues. He has reminded the whole world of the need for environmental protection and adopting the climate resilient lifestyles. We alsobelieve that  contribution  of  citizens,  sustainable  lifestyles  and climate    justice    provides    an    alternative    means    to    address climate change which must be rigorously pursued.


I would like to conclude by saying that India stands committed to fighting climate change.  Guided by our Indian culture and ethos,   we   are   dedicated   to   climate   action   that will ensure Climate justice for all.


Jai Hind.”



Read more: Address of Union Environment Minister at...

Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT) had invited applications from talented and motivated Indian nationals willing to contribute towards nation building to join the Government at the level of Joint Secretary on contract basis on 10th June 2018. This was for the following ten Department/Ministries of the Government:-

(i)         Department of Revenue

(ii)        Department of Financial Services

(iii)       Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers’ Welfare

(iv)       Ministry of Road Transport & Highways

(v)        Ministry of Shipping

(vi)       Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change

(vii)      Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

(viii)     Ministry of Civil Aviation

(ix)       Department of Economic Affairs

(x)        Department of Commerce


The task of selection of suitable candidates from amongst those who have already applied in response to the same has now been entrusted to the Union Public Service Commission by the competent authority on 29th October, 2018.

All candidates who have already submitted their applications online to DOPT are now requested to fill up a Detailed Application Form (DAF) which seeks to obtain additional specific information from the candidates regarding qualifications and experience so as to facilitate the selection process. A mail is also being issued separately to each of the candidates who have applied, through their registered e-mail ID indicated in their online applications submitted in response to DoPT Advertisement.

The candidates may access the link indicated in the mail addressed to them and submit online all the requisite information asked for in the DAF before 06.00 PM on 1st January 2019. Detailed information about the process is available on the website of UPSC ( and DoP&T ( All candidates are advised to visit the website as well as check their registered emails for detailed information.

It may be noted that the Detailed Application Form (DAF) received from the candidates after last date of submission i.e. 06.00 PM on 01/01/2019 would not be considered.



Read more: Lateral Recruitment to Senior Positions in...

Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) heaviest and most-advanced high throughput communication satellite GSAT-11 was successfully launched from the Spaceport in French Guiana during the early hours today.

The launch vehicle Ariane 5 VA-246 lifted off from Kourou Launch Base, French Guiana at 02:07 am (IST) carrying India’s GSAT-11 and South Korea’s GEO-KOMPSAT-2A satellites, as scheduled. Ariane 5 is one of three launch vehicles operated by Arianespace along with Soyuz and Vega.

After a 30-min flight, GSAT-11 separated from the Ariane 5 upper stage in an elliptical Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The achieved orbit was very close to the intended one.

The 5,854-kg GSAT-11 will provide high data rate connectivity to users of Indian mainland and islands through 32 user beams in Ku-band and 8 hub beams in Ka-band.

“GSAT-11 will boost the broadband connectivity to rural and inaccessible Gram Panchayats in the country coming under the Bharat Net Project, which is part of Digital India Programme,” ISRO Chairman Dr K Sivan said.

The Bharat Net Project aims to enhance the public welfare schemes like e-banking, e-health, e-governance among others.

He said GSAT-11 will act as a forerunner to all future high throughput communication satellites. “Today’s successful mission has boosted the confidence of the entire team,” Dr Sivan added.

Post-separation, ISRO's Master Control Facility at Hassan in Karnataka took over the command and control of GSAT-11 and found its health parameters normal.

The scientists will undertake phase-wise orbit-raising manoeuvres in the days ahead to place the satellite in the Geostationary Orbit (36,000 km above the equator) using its on-board propulsion systems. GSAT-11 will be positioned at 74-degree east longitude in the geostationary orbit.

Subsequently, the two solar arrays and four antenna reflectors of GSAT-11 will be deployed in orbit. The satellite will be operational after the successful completion of all in-orbit tests.

In the last 21 days, ISRO successfully completed three satellite and two launch vehicle missions.



Read more: India’s heaviest communication satellite GSAT-11...

The 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will be held at Katowice, Poland from 2nd December 2018 to 14th December 2018. COP-24 is very significant as it is expected to finalise guidelines for implementation of the Paris Agreement adopted in 2016.

Union Environment Minister, Dr Harsh Vardhan who will be leading the 17 member Indian delegation said on the eve of his visit, that India expects that COP-24 should be able to frame guidelines, which are pragmatic and gives due consideration to challenges and priorities of developing countries inter alia different starting points as compared to developed countries, their vulnerabilities, development priorities like eradication of poverty, food security, energy access, providing health infrastructure etc.

“COP-24 should give equal focus to all agenda items, and the outcome of COP-24 should be balanced, inclusive, comprehensive and consistent with the principles and provisions of Convention and its Paris Agreement” said the Union Minister.

India strongly supports the objective of the Paris Agreement to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. India considers it important from the point of view of eradicating poverty and caring for the poor and the marginalised. The Agreement also focuses on developing country parties’ need to adapt to adverse impacts of climate change, in a manner that it does not put an additional burden on them.

During the COP-24, India would like to emphasise its concern for climate change and reaffirm its commitments to finalisation of the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP). India would like to ensure that Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC), in the light of different national circumstances, are operationalised in all elements of the PAWP. The outcome of the PAWP should support the enhancement of ambition without backsliding.

Significant gaps in pre-2020 climate efforts exist not only in mitigation but also in adaptation and support to developing countries. These implementation gaps will present an additional burden to developing countries in the post-2020 period. Therefore, the key concern for India is to ensure that no undue burden is shifted onto developing countries in the post-2020 period. The issue of pre-2020 commitments under Kyoto Protocol, particularly higher mitigation action of developed countries and the need for developed countries to fulfil their climate finance commitments of mobilising USD 100 billion per annum by 2020, will remain a priority for India in COP-24.

Adaptation is very important for developing countries and requires an urgent global response in terms of adaptation needs for developing countries vis-à-vis finance, capacity building and technology. India is of the view that enhanced provision of new, adequate and predictable finance, technology development and transfer, as well as capacity-building support, is key enablers for developing countries to achieve higher ambition in their climate actions, in the context of sustainable development. Therefore, PAWP must have mechanisms to ensure new, adequate and predictable support for developing country parties.

Additionally, the final political phase of 2018 Facilitative Talanoa Dialogue and stock take exercise on Pre-2020 implementation and action are also scheduled during COP-24.India will be looking forward to a rich exchange of views during the high-level Talanoa dialogue at COP-24, with consideration of pre-2020 actions and support as a crucial element, and its successful conclusion in 2018 as per the agreed modalities. India will be working together with all Parties in an open, transparent, inclusive and Party-driven manner to achieve a balanced and comprehensive outcome in the form of final PAWP at COP-24.

India, even though not a part of the problem, has been taking a leadership role in the global and domestic action on climate change. India has undertaken ambitious mitigation and adaptation actions in the field of clean energy, especially renewable energy, enhancement of energy efficiency, development of less carbon-intensive and resilient urban centers, promotion of waste to wealth, safe, smart and sustainable green transportation network, abatement of pollution and efforts to enhance carbon sink through creation of forest and tree cover. The ambitious goal of generating 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, and initiatives on smart cities, electric vehicles, energy efficiency initiatives etc. have now made India one of the global leaders in climate action. With the achievement of about 72 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2018 out of a targeted 175 GW, India stands at 4th position globally in wind power, 6th position in solar power installed capacity, and overall 5th position in renewable power.

India made a voluntary pledge in 2009 to reduce the emission intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 20-25 per cent from 2005 levels by 2020 (excluding emissions from agriculture). As per the various reports, we are on the way to achieve this target. India enhanced its climate goals in 2015 outlining eight (8) goals for 2021-2030, including reduction of the emission intensity of its GDP by 33-35 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030. India’s climate actions are synchronised with its development goals and simultaneously reflect its bold vision for combating climate change.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has set an ambitious goal that India must start generating 40 per cent of its total power from non-fossil fuels by 2030, thereby placing India at a premium position on the international renewable energy map. The United Nations' highest environmental honour, UNEP “Champions of the Earth” award was conferred on 3rd October 2018 on the Prime Minister of India in the policy leadership category for his pioneering work in championing the ISA and for his unprecedented pledge to eliminate all single-use plastic in India by 2022.

On the sidelines of COP-24, India will be setting up a Pavilion to create awareness about India’s positive climate actions in various sectors of the economy. The theme of this year’s India Pavilion is ‘One World One Sun One Grid’ as highlighted by our Hon’ble Prime Minister during the first assembly of the International Solar Alliance on 2nd October 2018. India Pavilion will strive to become an ideal platform for the exchange of innovative ideas for the world to come together and take action. Union Environment Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan will inaugurate the Pavilion on December 3rd 2018 and will address and will also release India’s second Biennial Update Report.

In the pavilion, India will also hold side events from December 3rd to December 13th 2018. There will be around 20 sessions, covering issues related to sectors important for climate change adaptation and mitigation. The sessions will cover presentations and panel discussions involving experts from both public and private spheres.

India would like to demonstrate the same spirit of commitment and leadership shown in the past during the COP-24. India’s expectation from COP-24 is that the decisions should be in consonance with the principles of UNFCCC, its Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement including equity, CBDR-RC, and climate justice.




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