Unless India does not make any policy changes, it will not realize the ambitious target of installation of 175 gigawatt of renewable energy capacity by 2022, says GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
Recently, India's effort to accelerate the green energy capacity through auction for 1,200 megawatt ‘hybrid' projects suffered a major setback as the bidders stayed away from the procedings.
This is the second renewable auction to have failed in October 2018, forcing the state-run Solar Energy Corporation of India to extend the deadline for the fifth time. The tender for hybrid projects, which encompasses both wind and solar units at the same site, has now been extended till 14 November 2018.
Mohit Prasad, Power Analyst at GlobalData, says: "In spite of SECI reducing the tender capacity to half of the earlier announced capacity, investors kept away on account of policies associated with it. Policy mandates like tariff ceiling, safeguard duty and mandated manufacturing capacity are responsible for the investors staying away from the auctions."
The government has set a tariff ceiling of $0.035/unit for the hybrid projects. Developers, on the other hand, feel that there should not be any ceiling since the tariff should be driven by the wind density, solar irradiance and the associated competition.
Another deal-breaker is that the tender is forcing developers to enter into the manufacturing sector, which is definitely not their core competence. In order to bid for a project of minimum 2,000 MW of power purchase agreements, the developers are required to set up a 600 MW of manufacturing facility.
In addition, the government has offered a power off-take commitment for two years. Project developers feel that the commitment should be at least for five years so that there is a continuous flow of revenue.
Prasad concludes: "India is currently dependent on 85% of imports of solar products from China. However, the safeguard duty of 25% on imports of solar components from China is driving investors away from tenders announced by government bodies. Furthermore, the decision to pass the impact of SGD to consumers while setting a tariff ceiling is also making the investors to channelize their investments in a different direction rather than investing in solar auctions.
"Unless the government does not make any policy changes, the developers would not be participating in auctions, which ultimately can derail India's ambitious target of installing 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022."