Solar energy is used worldwide and is increasingly popular for generating electricity or heating and desalinating water. It is an essential source of renewable energy and its technologies which are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on how they capture and distribute solar energy or convert it into solar power. It is the easiest and reliable method to generate energy and power. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic systems, concentrated solar power, and solar water heating to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light-dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air. In the last two decades, photovoltaics (PV), also known as solar PV, has evolved from a pure niche market of small scale applications towards becoming a mainstream electricity source. Concentrated solar power (CSP, also known as “concentrated solar thermal”) plants use solar thermal energy to make steam which is converted into electricity by a turbine.
Solar PV installations can be combined to provide electricity on a commercial scale, For mini-grids, or personal use. Using solar PV to power mini-grids is a superlative way to bring power access where power transmission lines are far-reaching.Solar panels have a lifespan of around 30 years and it comes in a variety of shades depending on the type of material used in manufacturing.
Many industrialized nations have installed significant solar power capacity into their grids to supplement or provide an alternative to conventional energy sources while an increasing number of less developed nations have turned to solar to reduce dependence on expensive imported fuels.
We also spoke to a number of Indian Business leaders for their insights on Easiest way to install Solar System. Here’s what they said.
Manoj Gupta, VP-Solar and Waste to Energy Business, Fortum India Pvt Ltd
“The initial steps towards cost-effective ways to speed up the installation of solar systems is choosing the best quality products with latest technologies like Bifacial, Mono PERC etc. and also an efficient workforce. Use of Drone technologies will bring the added advantage. For long term success of the project we need to design the project from a water availability perspective also. Will be good to have a waterless cleaning system to solve the lifelong water problem at the site. It is imperative to have all the settings and pre- assemble plans worked out as much as possible before arriving on site. As the current use cases of solar and solar storage become more convoluted, it is of utmost importance to lay emphasis on the role of teamwork and communication within the crew members. Also, the use of modern design software in both the design storage and operation of the systems has become much more important than ever. This further helps in creating a virtual twin of the system, simulates a year (or more) of operation, and allows iterations of variables to zero-in on an improved system leading to better efficiency and control.”
Someshwar Dutt Sharma CTO & Head – Solar Projects, Sun Renewables
Following are the few ways to speed up solar installation of solar system:
- Standardization Design of Module Mounting Structure (MMS)
MMS majorly comprises columns, rafter & purlin. To become competitive EPC’s currently design and manufacture components of various shapes and sizes, which eventually converts into different numbers at component level. Purlins of different sizes are used for the same row which in turn increases the process of segregation, storage, and installation. Also, it increases the probability of mismatched installation leading to rework at site. Keeping in view if the components are standardized for the complete MMS, it will help in many fronts like appointing multiple manufacturers, fast production, easy logistics, minimal segregation at site and thus faster installation.
- Optimized and Standardized Block Size
Engineering team should implement best design practice to optimize & standardize solar block size, which will be helpful to speed up the ordering process of major equipment. This entire process is useful to ensure sequential material supply chain as per the installation process and speed up solar module installation at site.
- Utilization of robotic system at site helps faster module installation & other repeated work packages.