Reading Time: 2 minutes
The Senegalese authorities have set up a mechanism to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% by the year 2030. The initiative called “Co-Construction of a Low-Carbon and Resilient Development Strategy” is a part of Senegal’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).
The initiative will be coordinated by the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) and funded by the public financial institution, French Development Agency (AFD) through its “2050 Facility” program over the period of three years. The aim of the program is to achieve climate resilience, sustainable development, and carbon sobriety while boosting the energy production & efficiency, transport, agriculture, waste, and agroecology sectors.
The 2050 Facility was created at the One Planet Summit 2018 in France to accelerate the implementation of the Paris Agreement by providing finance facilities in climate action. The program supports around 30 of the most emissive nations in the developing world, including Senegal.
Renewable energy share in Senegal’s total electricity production is nearly 23% and the country intends to double this capacity by 2025. Adama Diallo, Secretary-General at the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy mentioned that the initiative promotes the implementation of the Paris Agreement signed in 2015 at the end of COP 21.
According to Sécou Sarr, the Executive Director of the NGO Enda Energie, the objective of the Senegalese government’s program is to address the multiple challenges of the energy transition related to the imminent exploitation of oil and gas resources and minimize its adverse effects on the environment.
According to the 3rd National Communication on Climate Change held in Senegal, the profile of GHG emissions by sector shows that 49% of greenhouse gases come from agricultural activities, 40% from energy, whereas 7% and 4% from waste and industrial processes, respectively. This represents Senegal’s per capita CO2 emission of 1.2 tons.