IRENA Report Urges Urgent Action and Increased Investments in Renewable Energy for Global Decarbonization and a Sustainable Future

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IRENA’s World Energy Transitions Outlook report, released in June 2023, highlights the urgent need to accelerate the global decarbonization process in order to achieve the 1.5°C pathway by 2050. The report underscores several key actions that must be taken to address the current energy landscape.


One of the main findings emphasizes the necessity for increased public investments in renewable energy. To achieve this, it is crucial to secure additional capital and transform lending practices in developing nations. Measures such as grants and concessional loans, similar to the loss and damage fund launched at COP27, can play a significant role in this regard.

The report also stresses the importance of attracting private capital through public finance and policy. IRENA’s Investment Forums aim to support member states in financing projects through private capital, thereby facilitating the transition to renewable energy sources. Furthermore, the involvement of philanthropies, banks, and national oil companies in swapping investments from fossil fuels to renewables is encouraged through appropriate policies and incentives.

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To ensure a fair and equitable flow of finance, governments and development partners must actively participate by recognizing the different endowments and starting conditions of countries. This can help address disparities and promote a more inclusive transition process.

The report outlines a comprehensive plan to achieve the 1.5°C target by 2050. While acknowledging some progress, it highlights the need for increased investments in renewable energy, particularly in transitional energy technologies and sectors with lower shares of renewables such as heating and transport.

Removing barriers to the energy transition is crucial, and the report identifies three main areas of intervention: investment in physical infrastructure, policy and regulatory framework adaptation, and the development of necessary skills for the energy transition.

The upcoming COP28 is seen as a critical milestone to provide renewed momentum to the energy transition. Key drivers identified include energy efficiency, electrification, the expansion of electricity grids, and flexibility.

The report emphasizes the importance of strong and redesigned international cooperation for a successful energy transition. Developing countries, in particular, should receive support in terms of technology access, training, capacity building, and affordable finance.

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IRENA’s World Energy Transitions Outlook report provides valuable insights and recommendations to expedite the global energy transition, acknowledging the need for concerted efforts from both public and private sectors to achieve a sustainable and low-carbon future.

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