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Recently R.K.Singh, the Union Minister of State (IC), Power and New & Renewable Energy & Minister of State, Skill Development, and Entrepreneurship released a report on “Impact of energy efficiency measures for the year 2018-19” through a Video conference.
While unveiling the e-book Singh said, “We have pledged in COP-21 that we will bring down the energy intensity of the economy by 33 to 35% compared to 2005 levels by 2030. Now, with our energy efficiency initiatives, we have already reduced the energy intensity of our economy by 20% compared to 2005 levels which is a very good p erformance indeed.”
The report was prepared by an Expert agency PWC Ltd, who was engaged by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) for independent verification to assess the resultant annual savings in energy as well as CO 2 emissions through various initiatives in India. The findings of the report reflect that the implementation of various energy efficiency schemes has led to total electricity savings to the tune of 113.16 Billion Units in 2018-19, which is 9.39% of the net electricity consumption. Energy savings (electrical + thermal), achieved in the energy-consuming sectors (i.e. Demand Side sectors) is to the tune of 16.54 Mtoe, which is 2.84% of the net total energy consumption (approx..581.60 Mtoe) in 2018-19.
The total energy savings achieved in 2018-19 is 23.73 Mtoe (million Tonne of Oil Equivalent), which is 2.69% of the total primary energy supply (estimated to be 879.23 Mtoe in India) during 2018-19. This includes both the Supply Side and Demand Side sectors of the economy. Overall, this study has estimated that various energy efficiency measures have translated into savings worth INR 89,122 crores (approximately)against last year’s (2017-18) savings of INR 53,627 crore. These efforts have also contributed in reducing 151.74 Million Tonnes of CO2 emissions, whereas last year this number was 108 MTCO2.
It is stated in the report that, since 2017-18, every year Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) appoints a third party expert agency to conduct a study for comparing the actual energy consumption due to different energy efficiency schemes, with the estimated energy consumption, had the current energy efficiency measures were not undertaken i.e. counterfactual. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance and impact of all the key energy efficiency programs in India, in terms of total energy saved and the related reduction in CO2 emissions. The study assesses the resultant impact of current schemes at national as well as state-level for the FY 2018-19 and compares it with a situation where the same were not implemented.
This year the study has identified the following major programs, viz. Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme, Standards & Labelling Programme, UJALA Programme, Municipal Demand Side Management Programme, etc.
While concluding the event Singh stated that energy efficiency has dual benefits as it not only saves money but also saves the environment. There is a huge capacity still for bringing efficiencies especially in MSME ( Micro Small and Medium Enterprise) sector and a Housing sector that have now been taken up, he further stated. He also praised the BEE( Bureau of Energy Efficiency) for its initiatives to bring energy efficiency in our economy.