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India asserts that the worst effects of climate change are being felt by the poorest nations and most vulnerable communities, who have contributed least to the crisis.
According to the UN, in order to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, according to the Paris Agreement, greenhouse gases must be cut by 45 percent by 2030 and net zero by 2050.
According to the world body, net zero means reducing greenhouse gas emissions as close as possible. Any remaining emissions are reabsorbed by the atmosphere by oceans or forests.
Dubey stated that developed countries, based on their past experiences, should lead the global transition to net-zero.
She stated that a global Net Zero should be founded on the principle of shared but differentiated responsibility and equity. Developing countries will reach their peak later in accordance with their respective sustainable development pathways.
India stated that in order for the carbon space to be vacated in 2050, developing countries must grow in Net-Minus.
Dubey stated that a cross-regional declaration underscoring this was issued by Dubey in June with two signatories from Africa.
She said, “We hope that more African countries will join this statement.”
India’s then Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ambassador T S Tirumurti had delivered the cross-regional joint statement on behalf of India and Bolivia, China, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Mali, Nicaragua, Panama and Syria on “Global Net Zero” in the context of combatting climate change made on the occasion of the World Environment Day.
Last year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated at the COP26 global summit in Glasgow that India will achieve net zero emission by 2070.
It is still difficult for developed countries to commit to climate action funding of 100 billion dollars. Dubey stated that another problem is the combination of climate finance and development finance.
She stated that this is pushing developing countries into greater debt and stressed that India is committed to climate action as well as sustainable development.
India, which committed to 40% of power generation from nonfossil fuel sources at COP-21 in Paris 2015, has now achieved this goal a decade before the 2030 timeline.
She said that “India’s experience can be useful to African countries as they embark upon their own energy transitions”, noting that the International Solar Alliance, which has the majority African countries as members and has encouraged the rapid deployment clean energy technologies, is a noteworthy platform.
She said that clean and green energy have been a prominent part of India’s recent development programmes in Africa, as well as its third-country collaborations, in recent years.
Dubey stressed that India’s relationship with Africa was based on the principles of inclusion, sustainability, peace, prosperity, dignity, and respect.
She stated that “African priorities will guide all our initiatives.”
She stressed that the years 2022-2023 should be the years of action delivery. She said India looked at Sharm El-Sheikh in such expectation. Sharm El-Sheikh will host this year’s UN climate conference Conference of the Parties in Egypt (COP 27).