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From March 28 to April 1, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Dang Hoang An led the delegation to work in Germany on the occasion of Vietnam – Germany Energy Day and participated in the Berlin Energy Transformation Dialogue. Participating in the delegation were representatives of the Central Economic Commission, the National Assembly’s Committee for Science, Technology, and Environment, the Electricity of Vietnam Group, the Department of Industry and Trade of some localities…
The members are divided into two working groups: Energy Efficiency Group and Renewable Energy Group; which will work with the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy ISE (online); German Federal Network Agency (BNetzA); German offshore wind organization; The German Renewable Energy Institute (RENAC).
On March 30, a number of delegates will participate in the Berlin 2022 Energy Transformation Dialogue to learn the experiences and lessons that Germany has gained in the process of developing a renewable and efficient energy market. energy in recent years; from which to draw lessons for Vietnam.
Vietnam – Germany Energy Day officially took place on March 31, is the launch of activities on energy transition between the German Ministry of Economy and Climate Protection (BMWK) and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam, and at the same time provides a starting point for the exchange of high-level experiences.
The German economy is a large and developed economy with the 4th largest GDP in the world. As a result, Germany ranked sixth globally in terms of energy consumption from 2004 to 2007. In 2002, Germany was the largest electricity consumer in Europe with total electricity consumption of 512.9 TWh.
In 2021, Germany’s net electricity production will reach 541TWh.The key to Germany’s energy and political policies is “Energiewende”, which means “energy reform” or “energy transition”. Germany intends to phase out the use of nuclear energy by 2022. Some plants have been closed earlier than expected. The combination of fossil fuel sources, wind energy, solar energy, biofuels, and energy-saving solutions is considered to be enough to replace the current nuclear power generation capacity. This policy includes provisions to phase out nuclear power and gradually replace fossil fuels with renewable energy. The German government has set a target of meeting 100% of the country’s electricity needs from renewable energy sources by 2050 and becoming a climate-neutral country by 2045.
Over the past decade, Germany has witnessed a dramatic development of unstable and continuous energy sources. Wind power has become the most important renewable energy source in the electricity generation sector, with an installed capacity of 59.4 GW in 2018, followed by solar (45.9 GW in 2018). 2019), with a sharp increase in output over the past 5 years. This growth has significantly increased the share of renewables in Germany’s energy mix, but it has also driven down (and sometimes even negative) spot market prices on stock exchanges. energy displacement and at the same time cause crowding out of the operating time of conventional power plants due to delays in decommissioning these plants. By 2020, renewables will account for more than 50% of Germany’s net electricity production.
Meanwhile, Vietnam is a developing country, the demand for energy is increasing year by year. With great potential, renewable energy is expected to develop strongly in the future to supplement the energy industry’s supply in the context that primary sources are gradually exhausted. The mission is an opportunity to develop many ideas for implementing the energy transition in Vietnam while improving energy efficiency and promoting the use of renewable energy.