Perovskite-Based Thermochromic Windows Reduce Energy Load and Carbon Emission in Buildings

Perovskite-Based Thermochromic Windows Reduce Energy Load and Carbon Emission in Buildings

The use of thermochromic windows in office buildings improves energy efficiency across all climate zones in the United States by modulating the temperature inside, leading to a massive savings, according to a research effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).


The thermochromic windows based on the use of perovskite materials to absorb energy from the sun shift from transparent to a visibly absorbing or reflecting state. The technology mitigates heating loads in warm climates and cooling loads in colder regions.


Lance Wheeler, principal investigator on the project, said switching to thermochromic windows saves a significant amount of energy annually, with the main source of savings coming from requiring less heating energy for highly glazed office buildings in cold or seasonal climates. If all workers in the simulated office building drove an electric vehicle the distance of an average American commute, then the annual energy could be used to fully charge every worker’s car every day throughout the year.

Also Read  Physicists Overcome Durability Hurdle for Perovskite Solar Cells

The findings are detailed in the paper “Thermochromic Halide Perovskite Windows with Ideal Transition Temperatures,” which appears in the journal Advanced Energy Materials. His co-authors from NREL are Bryan Rosales, Janghyun Kim, Kevin Prince, Mirzo Mirzokarimov, Tom Daligault, Adam Duell, Colin Wolden, and Laura Schelhas. Other co-authors are from Colorado School of Mines, University of Wisconsin–Stout, and Swift Solar.


The research, which relied on modeling software Wheeler helped develop called PVwindow, suggests adding a thermochromic laminate onto a single-pane or even double-pane window will yield significant savings.

Buildings account for about 40% of all primary energy consumption in the United States, with heating making up the largest contributor. Coating technology revolutionized window energy efficiency beginning in the 1980s by selectively absorbing or reflecting infrared light but allowing light in the visible portion of the solar spectrum to pass through the glass. However, slightly more than half of the sun’s energy occurs in the visible wavelengths, so more energy is required to heat or cool buildings with significant glass facades.

Also Read  Global Carbon Emissions Rise Slightly in 2022 Despite Growth in Renewable Energy, Calls for Urgent Climate Action: IEA

Thermochromic double-pane windows improved building energy efficiency over double-pane windows in each zone.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.